ajabu

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Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicعَجَب(ʕajab).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ajabu (ma class, plural maajabu) or ajabu (n class, plural ajabu)

  1. wonder, amazement
  2. something which is wondrous or amazing

Adjective[edit]

ajabu (invariable)

  1. wonderful

Verb[edit]

-ajabu (infinitive kuajabu)

  1. to be amazed or surprised

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -ajabu
Positive present -naajabu
Subjunctive -ajabu
Negative -ajabu
Imperative singular ajabu
Infinitives
Positive kuajabu
Negative kutoajabu
Imperatives
Singular ajabu
Plural ajabuni
Tensed forms
Habitual huajabu
Positive past positive subject concord + -liajabu
Negative past negative subject concord + -kuajabu
Positive present (positive subject concord + -naajabu)
Singular Plural
1st person ninaajabu/naajabu tunaajabu
2nd person unaajabu mnaajabu
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anaajabu wanaajabu
other classes positive subject concord + -naajabu
Negative present (negative subject concord + -ajabu)
Singular Plural
1st person siajabu hatuajabu
2nd person huajabu hamwajabu
3rd person m-wa(I/II) haajabu hawaajabu
other classes negative subject concord + -ajabu
Positive future positive subject concord + -taajabu
Negative future negative subject concord + -taajabu
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -ajabu)
Singular Plural
1st person niajabu tuajabu
2nd person uajabu mwajabu
3rd person m-wa(I/II) aajabu waajabu
other classes positive subject concord + -ajabu
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -siajabu
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngeajabu
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singeajabu
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngaliajabu
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singaliajabu
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -aajabu)
Singular Plural
1st person naajabu twaajabu
2nd person waajabu mwaajabu
3rd person m-wa(I/II) aajabu waajabu
m-mi(III/IV) waajabu yaajabu
ji-ma(V/VI) laajabu yaajabu
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chaajabu vyaajabu
n(IX/X) yaajabu zaajabu
u(XI) waajabu see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwaajabu
pa(XVI) paajabu
mu(XVIII) mwaajabu
Perfect positive subject concord + -meajabu
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshaajabu
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jaajabu
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kiajabu
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipoajabu
Consecutive kaajabu / positive subject concord + -kaajabu
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kaajabu
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -niajabu -tuajabu
2nd person -kuajabu -waajabu/-kuajabuni/-waajabuni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mwajabu -waajabu
m-mi(III/IV) -uajabu -iajabu
ji-ma(V/VI) -liajabu -yaajabu
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kiajabu -viajabu
n(IX/X) -iajabu -ziajabu
u(XI) -uajabu see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kuajabu
pa(XVI) -paajabu
mu(XVIII) -muajabu
Reflexive -jiajabu
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -ajabu- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -ajabuye -ajabuo
m-mi(III/IV) -ajabuo -ajabuyo
ji-ma(V/VI) -ajabulo -ajabuyo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -ajabucho -ajabuvyo
n(IX/X) -ajabuyo -ajabuzo
u(XI) -ajabuo see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -ajabuko
pa(XVI) -ajabupo
mu(XVIII) -ajabumo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -ajabu)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yeajabu -oajabu
m-mi(III/IV) -oajabu -yoajabu
ji-ma(V/VI) -loajabu -yoajabu
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -choajabu -vyoajabu
n(IX/X) -yoajabu -zoajabu
u(XI) -oajabu see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -koajabu
pa(XVI) -poajabu
mu(XVIII) -moajabu
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.