chef

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See also: Chef

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French chef (from the positions of chef d'office and chef de cuisine),[1] from Old French chief (head, leader) (English chief), from Late Latin capum (head) (from which also captain, chieftain), from Latin caput (head) (English cap (head covering)), from Proto-Indo-European *kauput- (English head).

Pronunciation[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

chef (plural chefs)

  1. The presiding cook in the kitchen of a large household
    • <1845, R. H. Barham, Blasphemer's Warning in Ingoldsby Legends (1847), 3rd Ser., 245
      The Chef's peace of mind was restor'd, And in due time a banquet was placed on the board.
  2. The head cook of a restaurant or other establishment
    • 1849, Thackeray, Pendennis (1850), I. xxviii. 266
      The angry little chef of Sir Francis Clavering's culinary establishment.
  3. Any cook
    • Kiss the chef

Usage notes[edit]

When used in reference to a cook with no sous chefs or other workers beneath him, the term is connotes a certain degree of prestige—whether culinary education or ability—distinguishing the chef from a “cook”. As a borrowing, chef was originally italicized, but such treatment is now obsolete.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "chef, n." in the Oxford English Dictionary.

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French chef

Noun[edit]

chef c (singular definite chefen, plural indefinite chefer)

  1. A boss; person in charge, person who directly oversees the work being done
  2. A chef, head cook

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French chef.

Noun[edit]

chef m (plural chefs, diminutive chefje n, feminine cheffin)

  1. A boss, chief, head, leader
  2. Short for a title including chef, e.g. a culinary chef

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Old French chief, from Latin caput (head), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *kaput-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chef m (plural chefs)

D'or au chef de gueules, qui est des Seigneurs de Wiltz.
  1. (now literary) head
    opiner du chef.
    to nod.
  2. article, principal point.
    Les principaux chefs d’une demande.
  3. principal motive
    Le procureur a tenu à refaire une lecture des chefs d’accusation.
  4. (heraldry) chief; top third of a coat of arms

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

chef m (plural chefs, feminine cheffe)

Le Chef de l’Hôtel Chatham, William Orpen, 1921.
  1. A boss, chief, leader.
    Le pape est le chef de l’Église.
  2. A culinary chef, chief cook
    Créant dans des établissements de prestige de nombreuses recettes reprises ensuite par d'autres chefs, Escoffier a fait connaitre internationalement la cuisine française.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French chef.

Noun[edit]

chef m (invariable)

  1. A chef; head cook

Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French chief, chef, from Latin caput (head), from Proto-Indo-European *kauput-, *kaput-.

Noun[edit]

chef m (plural chefs)

  1. chief

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

chef m (oblique plural ches, nominative singular ches, nominative plural chef)

  1. Alternative form of chief.

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

chef m f (plural chefs)

  1. chef (the head cook of an establishment such as a restaurant)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish kef, keyif.

Noun[edit]

chef n (plural chefuri)

  1. (good) disposition, mood
    A nu avea chef de ceva.
    To not feel like/be in the mood for something.
  2. desire, wish
  3. (figuratively) appetite
  4. whim, caprice
  5. shindig, blowout,
  6. revelry, binge; by extension, drunkenness

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French chef.

Noun[edit]

chef m, f (plural chef)

  1. A chef, head cook

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French chef.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chef c

  1. A boss; person in charge, person who directly oversees the work being done

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]