天主

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Chinese[edit]

day; sky; heaven
 
to own; to host; master
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
simp. and trad.
(天主)
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Etymology[edit]

First attested in True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven (《天主實錄》), completed by Italian Jesuit priest and missionary Michele Ruggieri in 1584 (Wang, 2012), as a semantic readaptation of Chinese 天主 (Tiānzhǔ, “heavenly emperor; heavenly God”).

Note 天主(てんしゅ) (Tenshu) is earliest attested in Japanese no later than 1581. The coinage of 天主 (Tiānzhǔ, “God”) in Chinese and Japanese around the same time may or may not be coincidental.

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

天主

  1. (chiefly Catholicism) the Lord of Heaven; God

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Manchu: ᠠᠪᡴᠠᡳ
    ᡝᠵᡝᠨ
    (abkai ejen) (calque)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
しゅ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 天主 (then tsyuX)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(てん)(しゅ) (Tenshu

  1. (Christianity) the Lord of Heaven

Descendants[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

天主 (Cheonju) (hangeul 천주)

  1. Hanja form? of 천주 (the Lord of Heaven; God).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

天主

  1. Hán tự form of Thiên Chúa (God, the Lord of Heaven).