Appendix:Tagalog surnames

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See also: Appendix:Tagalog surnames (Philippines)

This appendix of Tagalog (Filipino) surnames is meant to complement the contents of Category:Tagalog surnames.

This appendix lists the top 100 most common surnames, surnames by origin, and the full list of surnames. Surnames on the full list are listed alphabetically using the modern Filipino alphabet. But for collation purposes, "Ch" (after C), "Ll" (after L), "Ñ" and "Ng" (after N) are treated as separate letters in this list. Surnames such as Chavez, Llamas, Ibañez, Galang or Ng will be sorted differently.

Many surnames by Filipinos come from the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos by Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa in 1849, whose majority of it are Spanish surnames, but also includes may surnames from Basque, Catalan, Galician, Chinese, Philippine languages (Tagalog, Kapampangan, Cebuano) and some foreign languages. The degree of implementation of the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos varied by province, and on a few areas where it is strictly implemented, some municipalities have a predictable patterns of surnames starting with the same letter.)

An appendix for initial letters of majority or surnames (with examples) in each municipality of the Philippines are to be located here, and is divided by region.

Most common[edit]

Of the top 100 surnames listed below, Chinese surnames (e.g. Tan, Dizon) and Spanish surnames (Santos, Reyes, Cruz, Bautista, Del Rosario, Gonzales,Ramos, Garcia, Dela Cruz, Lopez) are the most predominant, with surnames from Italian (usually city names with associations with saints, like Aquino, Tolentino, etc.), Galician (e.g. Ocampo), Tagalog (Manalo, Galang, Panganiban, Mallari), Basque (e.g. Salazar, Legaspi, Vergara, Guevarra, Arellano), Kapampangan (Pangilinan, Canlas), and Catalan (Abella), following behind.

The large number of Chinese surnames are a result of Chinese immigration, especially in the colonial era. Single-syllable surnames are of recent migrations, but multisyllabic surnames (e.g. Cinco, Cojuangco, Dizon, Quiambao, Tiangco) are of the early Chinese immigrants, usually the Sangleys. Spanish surnames are predominant as a colonial legacy, with many of them are those listed in the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos (1849), but others are already used, with several soon became prohibited, such as dela Cruz, because of high prevalence. Basque and Catalan surnames are also by colonial influence, as sources of permitted surnames in the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos. Yet, surnames in local languages also existed, many being in the Catálogo alfabético de apellidos, also including surnames with offensive meanings, such as the Cebuano Bayot ("homosexual"), and a few becoming prohibited, mostly for being associated with the Maharlikas (the Filipino noble class).


  • * = of Spanish origin (includes Christian surnames, given names as surnames, patronymic surnames, toponymic/habitational surnames and several Spanish words used as surnames)
  • ** = of Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Portuguese origin
  • *** = of Chinese origin (usually from Hokkien)
  • **** = of native origin (includes surnames from many Philippine languages)

Parentheses indicate number of individuals with the surname, and percentage of prevalence, based on population figures from the 2015 Philippine Census, which records 100,981,437)

Philippine Statistics Authority[edit]

This is an incomplete list of the most common surnames in the Philippines, based on a partial count of registered births in 2016.

  1. Valencia
  2. Reyes
  3. Cruz
  4. Aranda
  5. Bautista
  6. Del Rosario
  7. Gonzales
  8. Ramos
  9. Aquino
  10. García
  11. Dela Cruz
  12. Soledad
  13. Naquil
  14. Calague
  15. Bagayna


The list below shows surnames commonly perceived as the most common among Filipinos.

This list is based on statistics extrapolated from data for surnames borne by significant number of Filipinos (under the "Asian/Pacific Islander" race group), as listed on the 2010 United States Census.

Rank Name Origin Percentage
0 Nanquil Spanish
1 Añonuevo Spanish, "New Year"
2 Reyes Spanish, "kings"
3 Llarena Spanish
4 delos angeles Spanish, "angels"
5 Garcia Spanish García
6 Del Rosario Spanish, "Of the Rosary"
7 Mendoza Spanish, from Basque
8 Dela Cruz Spanish de la Cruz (of the [Holy] Cross)
9 Bautista Spanish, "baptist", after John the Baptist
10 Fernandez Spanish Fernández
11 Flores Spanish, "flowers"
12 Fajardo Spanish,"cute"
13 Lopez Spanish López
14 Ramos Spanish, "branches"
15 Gonzales Spanish, variant of González
16 Medina Spanish
17 Perez Spanish Pérez
18 Aquino Spanish
19 Villanueva Spanish
20 De Leon Spanish de León
21 Castillo Spanish, "castle"
22 Castro Spanish, "camp"
23 Tarrayo Spanish
24 Quiboloy Spanish
24 Francisco Spanish, "freshman"
25 Santiago Spanish, "supplanter"
26 Alvarez Spanish, "Son of Alvario"
27 Francisco Spanish, "freshman"
28 Villaverde Spanish, "villa '(outlying) farm', '(dependent) settlement' + verde 'green"
29 Villanueva Spanish, "villa '(outlying) farmstead', '(dependent) settlement' + nueva (feminine) 'new' (Latin nova)."
30 Cordero Spanish, "young lamb"

Surnames by origin[edit]

Full list[edit]

This surname list is incomplete. You can help by expanding it.


For all surnames of native Tagalog origin, see Category:Tagalog surnames from Tagalog



Considered the most common category of Filipino surnames, it includes most surnames common also in the Spanish-speaking world, as well as coined ones based on translations of various words from the local languages and derived from religious elements and saints.






This includes all surnames from the varieties of Chinese, most commonly Hokkien, Cantonese, and Mandarin. This can include transliterated forms of Chinese surnames, as well as surnames from patriarch names and genealogical relationships




For all surnames of Ilocano origin: see Category:Tagalog surnames from Ilocano





Commonly borne by mestizos, Filipino married to English-speaking persons (e.g. American, British), or English-speaking expats living in the Philippines.










Muslim (Moro)[edit]

Moros (Filipino Muslims) mostly follow a patronymic naming convention, while others, especially the Maranaos,, use clan names. Moros living outside Mindanao turn their patronymic into an inheritable surname.



Other nationalities[edit]

•Austero •Bihag


See also[edit]