chanua

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Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-chanua (infinitive kuchanua)

  1. (of flowers) to blossom, to bud
  2. to flourish
  3. to comb

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -chanua
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuchanua kutochanua
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative chanua chanueni
Habitual huchanua
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilichanua
nalichanua
tulichanua
twalichanua
ulichanua
walichanua
mlichanua
mwalichanua
alichanua walichanua ulichanua ilichanua lilichanua yalichanua kilichanua vilichanua ilichanua zilichanua ulichanua kulichanua palichanua mulichanua
Relative niliochanua
naliochanua
tuliochanua
twaliochanua
uliochanua
waliochanua
mliochanua
mwaliochanua
aliochanua waliochanua uliochanua iliochanua liliochanua yaliochanua kiliochanua viliochanua iliochanua ziliochanua uliochanua kuliochanua paliochanua muliochanua
Negative sikuchanua hatukuchanua hukuchanua hamkuchanua hakuchanua hawakuchanua haukuchanua haikuchanua halikuchanua hayakuchanua hakikuchanua havikuchanua haikuchanua hazikuchanua haukuchanua hakukuchanua hapakuchanua hamukuchanua
Present
Positive ninachanua
nachanua
tunachanua unachanua mnachanua anachanua wanachanua unachanua inachanua linachanua yanachanua kinachanua vinachanua inachanua zinachanua unachanua kunachanua panachanua munachanua
Relative ninaochanua
naochanua
tunaochanua unaochanua mnaochanua anaochanua wanaochanua unaochanua inaochanua linaochanua yanaochanua kinaochanua vinaochanua inaochanua zinaochanua unaochanua kunaochanua panaochanua munaochanua
Negative sichanui hatuchanui huchanui hamchanui hachanui hawachanui hauchanui haichanui halichanui hayachanui hakichanui havichanui haichanui hazichanui hauchanui hakuchanui hapachanui hamuchanui
Future
Positive nitachanua tutachanua utachanua mtachanua atachanua watachanua utachanua itachanua litachanua yatachanua kitachanua vitachanua itachanua zitachanua utachanua kutachanua patachanua mutachanua
Relative nitakaochanua tutakaochanua utakaochanua mtakaochanua atakaochanua watakaochanua utakaochanua itakaochanua litakaochanua yatakaochanua kitakaochanua vitakaochanua itakaochanua zitakaochanua utakaochanua kutakaochanua patakaochanua mutakaochanua
Negative sitachanua hatutachanua hutachanua hamtachanua hatachanua hawatachanua hautachanua haitachanua halitachanua hayatachanua hakitachanua havitachanua haitachanua hazitachanua hautachanua hakutachanua hapatachanua hamutachanua
Subjunctive
Positive nichanue tuchanue uchanue mchanue achanue wachanue uchanue ichanue lichanue yachanue kichanue vichanue ichanue zichanue uchanue kuchanue pachanue muchanue
Negative nisichanue tusichanue usichanue msichanue asichanue wasichanue usichanue isichanue lisichanue yasichanue kisichanue visichanue isichanue zisichanue usichanue kusichanue pasichanue musichanue
Present Conditional
Positive ningechanua tungechanua ungechanua mngechanua angechanua wangechanua ungechanua ingechanua lingechanua yangechanua kingechanua vingechanua ingechanua zingechanua ungechanua kungechanua pangechanua mungechanua
Negative nisingechanua
singechanua
tusingechanua
hatungechanua
usingechanua
hungechanua
msingechanua
hamngechanua
asingechanua
hangechanua
wasingechanua
hawangechanua
usingechanua
haungechanua
isingechanua
haingechanua
lisingechanua
halingechanua
yasingechanua
hayangechanua
kisingechanua
hakingechanua
visingechanua
havingechanua
isingechanua
haingechanua
zisingechanua
hazingechanua
usingechanua
haungechanua
kusingechanua
hakungechanua
pasingechanua
hapangechanua
musingechanua
hamungechanua
Past Conditional
Positive ningalichanua tungalichanua ungalichanua mngalichanua angalichanua wangalichanua ungalichanua ingalichanua lingalichanua yangalichanua kingalichanua vingalichanua ingalichanua zingalichanua ungalichanua kungalichanua pangalichanua mungalichanua
Negative nisingalichanua
singalichanua
tusingalichanua
hatungalichanua
usingalichanua
hungalichanua
msingalichanua
hamngalichanua
asingalichanua
hangalichanua
wasingalichanua
hawangalichanua
usingalichanua
haungalichanua
isingalichanua
haingalichanua
lisingalichanua
halingalichanua
yasingalichanua
hayangalichanua
kisingalichanua
hakingalichanua
visingalichanua
havingalichanua
isingalichanua
haingalichanua
zisingalichanua
hazingalichanua
usingalichanua
haungalichanua
kusingalichanua
hakungalichanua
pasingalichanua
hapangalichanua
musingalichanua
hamungalichanua
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelichanua tungelichanua ungelichanua mngelichanua angelichanua wangelichanua ungelichanua ingelichanua lingelichanua yangelichanua kingelichanua vingelichanua ingelichanua zingelichanua ungelichanua kungelichanua pangelichanua mungelichanua
General Relative
Positive nichanuao tuchanuao uchanuao mchanuao achanuao wachanuao uchanuao ichanuao lichanuao yachanuao kichanuao vichanuao ichanuao zichanuao uchanuao kuchanuao pachanuao muchanuao
Negative nisiochanua tusiochanua usiochanua msiochanua asiochanua wasiochanua usiochanua isiochanua lisiochanua yasiochanua kisiochanua visiochanua isiochanua zisiochanua usiochanua kusiochanua pasiochanua musiochanua
Gnomic
Positive nachanua twachanua wachanua mwachanua achanua wachanua wachanua yachanua lachanua yachanua chachanua vyachanua yachanua zachanua wachanua kwachanua pachanua mwachanua
Perfect
Positive nimechanua tumechanua umechanua mmechanua amechanua wamechanua umechanua imechanua limechanua yamechanua kimechanua vimechanua imechanua zimechanua umechanua kumechanua pamechanua mumechanua
"Already"
Positive nimeshachanua tumeshachanua umeshachanua mmeshachanua ameshachanua wameshachanua umeshachanua imeshachanua limeshachanua yameshachanua kimeshachanua vimeshachanua imeshachanua zimeshachanua umeshachanua kumeshachanua pameshachanua mumeshachanua
"Not yet"
Negative sijachanua hatujachanua hujachanua hamjachanua hajachanua hawajachanua haujachanua haijachanua halijachanua hayajachanua hakijachanua havijachanua haijachanua hazijachanua haujachanua hakujachanua hapajachanua hamujachanua
"If/When"
Positive nikichanua tukichanua ukichanua mkichanua akichanua wakichanua ukichanua ikichanua likichanua yakichanua kikichanua vikichanua ikichanua zikichanua ukichanua kukichanua pakichanua mukichanua
"If not"
Negative nisipochanua tusipochanua usipochanua msipochanua asipochanua wasipochanua usipochanua isipochanua lisipochanua yasipochanua kisipochanua visipochanua isipochanua zisipochanua usipochanua kusipochanua pasipochanua musipochanua
Consecutive
Positive nikachanua tukachanua ukachanua mkachanua akachanua wakachanua ukachanua ikachanua likachanua yakachanua kikachanua vikachanua ikachanua zikachanua ukachanua kukachanua pakachanua mukachanua
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]