hesabu

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Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حِسَاب (ḥisāb).

Noun[edit]

hesabu (n class, plural hesabu)

  1. number
  2. sums, accounts

Verb[edit]

-hesabu (infinitive kuhesabu)

  1. to count
  2. to reckon, to calculate, to do sums

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -hesabu
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuhesabu kutohesabu
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative hesabu hesabuni
Habitual huhesabu
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilihesabu
nalihesabu
tulihesabu
twalihesabu
ulihesabu
walihesabu
mlihesabu
mwalihesabu
alihesabu walihesabu ulihesabu ilihesabu lilihesabu yalihesabu kilihesabu vilihesabu ilihesabu zilihesabu ulihesabu kulihesabu palihesabu mulihesabu
Relative niliohesabu
naliohesabu
tuliohesabu
twaliohesabu
uliohesabu
waliohesabu
mliohesabu
mwaliohesabu
aliohesabu waliohesabu uliohesabu iliohesabu liliohesabu yaliohesabu kiliohesabu viliohesabu iliohesabu ziliohesabu uliohesabu kuliohesabu paliohesabu muliohesabu
Negative sikuhesabu hatukuhesabu hukuhesabu hamkuhesabu hakuhesabu hawakuhesabu haukuhesabu haikuhesabu halikuhesabu hayakuhesabu hakikuhesabu havikuhesabu haikuhesabu hazikuhesabu haukuhesabu hakukuhesabu hapakuhesabu hamukuhesabu
Present
Positive ninahesabu
nahesabu
tunahesabu unahesabu mnahesabu anahesabu wanahesabu unahesabu inahesabu linahesabu yanahesabu kinahesabu vinahesabu inahesabu zinahesabu unahesabu kunahesabu panahesabu munahesabu
Relative ninaohesabu
naohesabu
tunaohesabu unaohesabu mnaohesabu anaohesabu wanaohesabu unaohesabu inaohesabu linaohesabu yanaohesabu kinaohesabu vinaohesabu inaohesabu zinaohesabu unaohesabu kunaohesabu panaohesabu munaohesabu
Negative sihesabu hatuhesabu huhesabu hamhesabu hahesabu hawahesabu hauhesabu haihesabu halihesabu hayahesabu hakihesabu havihesabu haihesabu hazihesabu hauhesabu hakuhesabu hapahesabu hamuhesabu
Future
Positive nitahesabu tutahesabu utahesabu mtahesabu atahesabu watahesabu utahesabu itahesabu litahesabu yatahesabu kitahesabu vitahesabu itahesabu zitahesabu utahesabu kutahesabu patahesabu mutahesabu
Relative nitakaohesabu tutakaohesabu utakaohesabu mtakaohesabu atakaohesabu watakaohesabu utakaohesabu itakaohesabu litakaohesabu yatakaohesabu kitakaohesabu vitakaohesabu itakaohesabu zitakaohesabu utakaohesabu kutakaohesabu patakaohesabu mutakaohesabu
Negative sitahesabu hatutahesabu hutahesabu hamtahesabu hatahesabu hawatahesabu hautahesabu haitahesabu halitahesabu hayatahesabu hakitahesabu havitahesabu haitahesabu hazitahesabu hautahesabu hakutahesabu hapatahesabu hamutahesabu
Subjunctive
Positive nihesabu tuhesabu uhesabu mhesabu ahesabu wahesabu uhesabu ihesabu lihesabu yahesabu kihesabu vihesabu ihesabu zihesabu uhesabu kuhesabu pahesabu muhesabu
Negative nisihesabu tusihesabu usihesabu msihesabu asihesabu wasihesabu usihesabu isihesabu lisihesabu yasihesabu kisihesabu visihesabu isihesabu zisihesabu usihesabu kusihesabu pasihesabu musihesabu
Present Conditional
Positive ningehesabu tungehesabu ungehesabu mngehesabu angehesabu wangehesabu ungehesabu ingehesabu lingehesabu yangehesabu kingehesabu vingehesabu ingehesabu zingehesabu ungehesabu kungehesabu pangehesabu mungehesabu
Negative nisingehesabu
singehesabu
tusingehesabu
hatungehesabu
usingehesabu
hungehesabu
msingehesabu
hamngehesabu
asingehesabu
hangehesabu
wasingehesabu
hawangehesabu
usingehesabu
haungehesabu
isingehesabu
haingehesabu
lisingehesabu
halingehesabu
yasingehesabu
hayangehesabu
kisingehesabu
hakingehesabu
visingehesabu
havingehesabu
isingehesabu
haingehesabu
zisingehesabu
hazingehesabu
usingehesabu
haungehesabu
kusingehesabu
hakungehesabu
pasingehesabu
hapangehesabu
musingehesabu
hamungehesabu
Past Conditional
Positive ningalihesabu tungalihesabu ungalihesabu mngalihesabu angalihesabu wangalihesabu ungalihesabu ingalihesabu lingalihesabu yangalihesabu kingalihesabu vingalihesabu ingalihesabu zingalihesabu ungalihesabu kungalihesabu pangalihesabu mungalihesabu
Negative nisingalihesabu
singalihesabu
tusingalihesabu
hatungalihesabu
usingalihesabu
hungalihesabu
msingalihesabu
hamngalihesabu
asingalihesabu
hangalihesabu
wasingalihesabu
hawangalihesabu
usingalihesabu
haungalihesabu
isingalihesabu
haingalihesabu
lisingalihesabu
halingalihesabu
yasingalihesabu
hayangalihesabu
kisingalihesabu
hakingalihesabu
visingalihesabu
havingalihesabu
isingalihesabu
haingalihesabu
zisingalihesabu
hazingalihesabu
usingalihesabu
haungalihesabu
kusingalihesabu
hakungalihesabu
pasingalihesabu
hapangalihesabu
musingalihesabu
hamungalihesabu
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelihesabu tungelihesabu ungelihesabu mngelihesabu angelihesabu wangelihesabu ungelihesabu ingelihesabu lingelihesabu yangelihesabu kingelihesabu vingelihesabu ingelihesabu zingelihesabu ungelihesabu kungelihesabu pangelihesabu mungelihesabu
General Relative
Positive nihesabu tuhesabu uhesabu mhesabu ahesabu wahesabu uhesabu ihesabu lihesabu yahesabu kihesabu vihesabu ihesabu zihesabu uhesabu kuhesabu pahesabu muhesabu
Negative nisiohesabu tusiohesabu usiohesabu msiohesabu asiohesabu wasiohesabu usiohesabu isiohesabu lisiohesabu yasiohesabu kisiohesabu visiohesabu isiohesabu zisiohesabu usiohesabu kusiohesabu pasiohesabu musiohesabu
Gnomic
Positive nahesabu twahesabu wahesabu mwahesabu ahesabu wahesabu wahesabu yahesabu lahesabu yahesabu chahesabu vyahesabu yahesabu zahesabu wahesabu kwahesabu pahesabu mwahesabu
Perfect
Positive nimehesabu tumehesabu umehesabu mmehesabu amehesabu wamehesabu umehesabu imehesabu limehesabu yamehesabu kimehesabu vimehesabu imehesabu zimehesabu umehesabu kumehesabu pamehesabu mumehesabu
"Already"
Positive nimeshahesabu tumeshahesabu umeshahesabu mmeshahesabu ameshahesabu wameshahesabu umeshahesabu imeshahesabu limeshahesabu yameshahesabu kimeshahesabu vimeshahesabu imeshahesabu zimeshahesabu umeshahesabu kumeshahesabu pameshahesabu mumeshahesabu
"Not yet"
Negative sijahesabu hatujahesabu hujahesabu hamjahesabu hajahesabu hawajahesabu haujahesabu haijahesabu halijahesabu hayajahesabu hakijahesabu havijahesabu haijahesabu hazijahesabu haujahesabu hakujahesabu hapajahesabu hamujahesabu
"If/When"
Positive nikihesabu tukihesabu ukihesabu mkihesabu akihesabu wakihesabu ukihesabu ikihesabu likihesabu yakihesabu kikihesabu vikihesabu ikihesabu zikihesabu ukihesabu kukihesabu pakihesabu mukihesabu
"If not"
Negative nisipohesabu tusipohesabu usipohesabu msipohesabu asipohesabu wasipohesabu usipohesabu isipohesabu lisipohesabu yasipohesabu kisipohesabu visipohesabu isipohesabu zisipohesabu usipohesabu kusipohesabu pasipohesabu musipohesabu
Consecutive
Positive nikahesabu tukahesabu ukahesabu mkahesabu akahesabu wakahesabu ukahesabu ikahesabu likahesabu yakahesabu kikahesabu vikahesabu ikahesabu zikahesabu ukahesabu kukahesabu pakahesabu mukahesabu
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.