kwepa

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Swahili[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally -epa, now fused with the class 15 affix.

Verb[edit]

-kwepa (infinitive kukwepa)

  1. avoid, elude, escape

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -kwepa
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kukwepa kutokwepa
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative kwepa kwepeni
Habitual hukwepa
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilikwepa
nalikwepa
tulikwepa
twalikwepa
ulikwepa
walikwepa
mlikwepa
mwalikwepa
alikwepa walikwepa ulikwepa ilikwepa lilikwepa yalikwepa kilikwepa vilikwepa ilikwepa zilikwepa ulikwepa kulikwepa palikwepa mulikwepa
Relative niliokwepa
naliokwepa
tuliokwepa
twaliokwepa
uliokwepa
waliokwepa
mliokwepa
mwaliokwepa
aliokwepa waliokwepa uliokwepa iliokwepa liliokwepa yaliokwepa kiliokwepa viliokwepa iliokwepa ziliokwepa uliokwepa kuliokwepa paliokwepa muliokwepa
Negative sikukwepa hatukukwepa hukukwepa hamkukwepa hakukwepa hawakukwepa haukukwepa haikukwepa halikukwepa hayakukwepa hakikukwepa havikukwepa haikukwepa hazikukwepa haukukwepa hakukukwepa hapakukwepa hamukukwepa
Present
Positive ninakwepa
nakwepa
tunakwepa unakwepa mnakwepa anakwepa wanakwepa unakwepa inakwepa linakwepa yanakwepa kinakwepa vinakwepa inakwepa zinakwepa unakwepa kunakwepa panakwepa munakwepa
Relative ninaokwepa
naokwepa
tunaokwepa unaokwepa mnaokwepa anaokwepa wanaokwepa unaokwepa inaokwepa linaokwepa yanaokwepa kinaokwepa vinaokwepa inaokwepa zinaokwepa unaokwepa kunaokwepa panaokwepa munaokwepa
Negative sikwepi hatukwepi hukwepi hamkwepi hakwepi hawakwepi haukwepi haikwepi halikwepi hayakwepi hakikwepi havikwepi haikwepi hazikwepi haukwepi hakukwepi hapakwepi hamukwepi
Future
Positive nitakwepa tutakwepa utakwepa mtakwepa atakwepa watakwepa utakwepa itakwepa litakwepa yatakwepa kitakwepa vitakwepa itakwepa zitakwepa utakwepa kutakwepa patakwepa mutakwepa
Relative nitakaokwepa tutakaokwepa utakaokwepa mtakaokwepa atakaokwepa watakaokwepa utakaokwepa itakaokwepa litakaokwepa yatakaokwepa kitakaokwepa vitakaokwepa itakaokwepa zitakaokwepa utakaokwepa kutakaokwepa patakaokwepa mutakaokwepa
Negative sitakwepa hatutakwepa hutakwepa hamtakwepa hatakwepa hawatakwepa hautakwepa haitakwepa halitakwepa hayatakwepa hakitakwepa havitakwepa haitakwepa hazitakwepa hautakwepa hakutakwepa hapatakwepa hamutakwepa
Subjunctive
Positive nikwepe tukwepe ukwepe mkwepe akwepe wakwepe ukwepe ikwepe likwepe yakwepe kikwepe vikwepe ikwepe zikwepe ukwepe kukwepe pakwepe mukwepe
Negative nisikwepe tusikwepe usikwepe msikwepe asikwepe wasikwepe usikwepe isikwepe lisikwepe yasikwepe kisikwepe visikwepe isikwepe zisikwepe usikwepe kusikwepe pasikwepe musikwepe
Present Conditional
Positive ningekwepa tungekwepa ungekwepa mngekwepa angekwepa wangekwepa ungekwepa ingekwepa lingekwepa yangekwepa kingekwepa vingekwepa ingekwepa zingekwepa ungekwepa kungekwepa pangekwepa mungekwepa
Negative nisingekwepa
singekwepa
tusingekwepa
hatungekwepa
usingekwepa
hungekwepa
msingekwepa
hamngekwepa
asingekwepa
hangekwepa
wasingekwepa
hawangekwepa
usingekwepa
haungekwepa
isingekwepa
haingekwepa
lisingekwepa
halingekwepa
yasingekwepa
hayangekwepa
kisingekwepa
hakingekwepa
visingekwepa
havingekwepa
isingekwepa
haingekwepa
zisingekwepa
hazingekwepa
usingekwepa
haungekwepa
kusingekwepa
hakungekwepa
pasingekwepa
hapangekwepa
musingekwepa
hamungekwepa
Past Conditional
Positive ningalikwepa tungalikwepa ungalikwepa mngalikwepa angalikwepa wangalikwepa ungalikwepa ingalikwepa lingalikwepa yangalikwepa kingalikwepa vingalikwepa ingalikwepa zingalikwepa ungalikwepa kungalikwepa pangalikwepa mungalikwepa
Negative nisingalikwepa
singalikwepa
tusingalikwepa
hatungalikwepa
usingalikwepa
hungalikwepa
msingalikwepa
hamngalikwepa
asingalikwepa
hangalikwepa
wasingalikwepa
hawangalikwepa
usingalikwepa
haungalikwepa
isingalikwepa
haingalikwepa
lisingalikwepa
halingalikwepa
yasingalikwepa
hayangalikwepa
kisingalikwepa
hakingalikwepa
visingalikwepa
havingalikwepa
isingalikwepa
haingalikwepa
zisingalikwepa
hazingalikwepa
usingalikwepa
haungalikwepa
kusingalikwepa
hakungalikwepa
pasingalikwepa
hapangalikwepa
musingalikwepa
hamungalikwepa
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelikwepa tungelikwepa ungelikwepa mngelikwepa angelikwepa wangelikwepa ungelikwepa ingelikwepa lingelikwepa yangelikwepa kingelikwepa vingelikwepa ingelikwepa zingelikwepa ungelikwepa kungelikwepa pangelikwepa mungelikwepa
General Relative
Positive nikwepao tukwepao ukwepao mkwepao akwepao wakwepao ukwepao ikwepao likwepao yakwepao kikwepao vikwepao ikwepao zikwepao ukwepao kukwepao pakwepao mukwepao
Negative nisiokwepa tusiokwepa usiokwepa msiokwepa asiokwepa wasiokwepa usiokwepa isiokwepa lisiokwepa yasiokwepa kisiokwepa visiokwepa isiokwepa zisiokwepa usiokwepa kusiokwepa pasiokwepa musiokwepa
Gnomic
Positive nakwepa twakwepa wakwepa mwakwepa akwepa wakwepa wakwepa yakwepa lakwepa yakwepa chakwepa vyakwepa yakwepa zakwepa wakwepa kwakwepa pakwepa mwakwepa
Perfect
Positive nimekwepa tumekwepa umekwepa mmekwepa amekwepa wamekwepa umekwepa imekwepa limekwepa yamekwepa kimekwepa vimekwepa imekwepa zimekwepa umekwepa kumekwepa pamekwepa mumekwepa
"Already"
Positive nimeshakwepa tumeshakwepa umeshakwepa mmeshakwepa ameshakwepa wameshakwepa umeshakwepa imeshakwepa limeshakwepa yameshakwepa kimeshakwepa vimeshakwepa imeshakwepa zimeshakwepa umeshakwepa kumeshakwepa pameshakwepa mumeshakwepa
"Not yet"
Negative sijakwepa hatujakwepa hujakwepa hamjakwepa hajakwepa hawajakwepa haujakwepa haijakwepa halijakwepa hayajakwepa hakijakwepa havijakwepa haijakwepa hazijakwepa haujakwepa hakujakwepa hapajakwepa hamujakwepa
"If/When"
Positive nikikwepa tukikwepa ukikwepa mkikwepa akikwepa wakikwepa ukikwepa ikikwepa likikwepa yakikwepa kikikwepa vikikwepa ikikwepa zikikwepa ukikwepa kukikwepa pakikwepa mukikwepa
"If not"
Negative nisipokwepa tusipokwepa usipokwepa msipokwepa asipokwepa wasipokwepa usipokwepa isipokwepa lisipokwepa yasipokwepa kisipokwepa visipokwepa isipokwepa zisipokwepa usipokwepa kusipokwepa pasipokwepa musipokwepa
Consecutive
Positive nikakwepa tukakwepa ukakwepa mkakwepa akakwepa wakakwepa ukakwepa ikakwepa likakwepa yakakwepa kikakwepa vikakwepa ikakwepa zikakwepa ukakwepa kukakwepa pakakwepa mukakwepa
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]