lemma

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See also: Lemma

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Noun[edit]

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  2. (linguistics, lexicography) The canonical form of an inflected word; i.e., the form usually found as the headword in a dictionary, such as the nominative singular of a noun, the bare infinitive of a verb, etc.
  3. (psycholinguistics) The theoretical abstract conceptual form of a word, representing a specific meaning, before the creation of a specific phonological form as the sounds of a lexeme, which may find representation in a specific written form as a dictionary or lexicographic word.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): citation form
Antonyms[edit]
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): non-lemma
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Ancient Greek λέμμα (lémma), from λέπω (lépō, I peel).

Noun[edit]

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (botany) The outer shell of a fruit or similar body.
  2. (botany) One of the specialized bracts around the floret in grasses.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Sister projects

Anagrams[edit]

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛma]
  • Hyphenation: le‧m‧ma

Noun[edit]

lemma n

  1. (mathematics) lemma
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lemma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lemma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemma n (plural lemma's or lemmata, diminutive lemmaatje n)

  1. (mathematics) lemma (proved or accepted proposition used in a proof)
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word, dictionary form)

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlemːɑ/, [ˈle̞mːɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -emːɑ
  • Syllabification(key): lem‧ma

Noun[edit]

lemma

  1. (linguistics) lemma
  2. (mathematics) lemma

Declension[edit]

Inflection of lemma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lemma lemmat
genitive lemman lemmojen
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmat
accusative nom. lemma lemmat
gen. lemman
genitive lemman lemmojen
lemmainrare
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
inessive lemmassa lemmoissa
elative lemmasta lemmoista
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
adessive lemmalla lemmoilla
ablative lemmalta lemmoilta
allative lemmalle lemmoille
essive lemmana lemmoina
translative lemmaksi lemmoiksi
instructive lemmoin
abessive lemmatta lemmoitta
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of lemma (type kala)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmani lemmani
accusative nom. lemmani lemmani
gen. lemmani
genitive lemmani lemmojeni
lemmainirare
partitive lemmaani lemmojani
inessive lemmassani lemmoissani
elative lemmastani lemmoistani
illative lemmaani lemmoihini
adessive lemmallani lemmoillani
ablative lemmaltani lemmoiltani
allative lemmalleni lemmoilleni
essive lemmanani lemmoinani
translative lemmakseni lemmoikseni
instructive
abessive lemmattani lemmoittani
comitative lemmoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmasi lemmasi
accusative nom. lemmasi lemmasi
gen. lemmasi
genitive lemmasi lemmojesi
lemmaisirare
partitive lemmaasi lemmojasi
inessive lemmassasi lemmoissasi
elative lemmastasi lemmoistasi
illative lemmaasi lemmoihisi
adessive lemmallasi lemmoillasi
ablative lemmaltasi lemmoiltasi
allative lemmallesi lemmoillesi
essive lemmanasi lemmoinasi
translative lemmaksesi lemmoiksesi
instructive
abessive lemmattasi lemmoittasi
comitative lemmoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmamme lemmamme
accusative nom. lemmamme lemmamme
gen. lemmamme
genitive lemmamme lemmojemme
lemmaimmerare
partitive lemmaamme lemmojamme
inessive lemmassamme lemmoissamme
elative lemmastamme lemmoistamme
illative lemmaamme lemmoihimme
adessive lemmallamme lemmoillamme
ablative lemmaltamme lemmoiltamme
allative lemmallemme lemmoillemme
essive lemmanamme lemmoinamme
translative lemmaksemme lemmoiksemme
instructive
abessive lemmattamme lemmoittamme
comitative lemmoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmanne lemmanne
accusative nom. lemmanne lemmanne
gen. lemmanne
genitive lemmanne lemmojenne
lemmainnerare
partitive lemmaanne lemmojanne
inessive lemmassanne lemmoissanne
elative lemmastanne lemmoistanne
illative lemmaanne lemmoihinne
adessive lemmallanne lemmoillanne
ablative lemmaltanne lemmoiltanne
allative lemmallenne lemmoillenne
essive lemmananne lemmoinanne
translative lemmaksenne lemmoiksenne
instructive
abessive lemmattanne lemmoittanne
comitative lemmoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmansa lemmansa
accusative nom. lemmansa lemmansa
gen. lemmansa
genitive lemmansa lemmojensa
lemmainsarare
partitive lemmaansa lemmojaan
lemmojansa
inessive lemmassaan
lemmassansa
lemmoissaan
lemmoissansa
elative lemmastaan
lemmastansa
lemmoistaan
lemmoistansa
illative lemmaansa lemmoihinsa
adessive lemmallaan
lemmallansa
lemmoillaan
lemmoillansa
ablative lemmaltaan
lemmaltansa
lemmoiltaan
lemmoiltansa
allative lemmalleen
lemmallensa
lemmoilleen
lemmoillensa
essive lemmanaan
lemmanansa
lemmoinaan
lemmoinansa
translative lemmakseen
lemmaksensa
lemmoikseen
lemmoiksensa
instructive
abessive lemmattaan
lemmattansa
lemmoittaan
lemmoittansa
comitative lemmoineen
lemmoinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Hungarian[edit]

 lemma on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From English lemma and German Lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛmːɒ]
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma
  • Rhymes: -mɒ

Noun[edit]

lemma (plural lemmák)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmák
accusative lemmát lemmákat
dative lemmának lemmáknak
instrumental lemmával lemmákkal
causal-final lemmáért lemmákért
translative lemmává lemmákká
terminative lemmáig lemmákig
essive-formal lemmaként lemmákként
essive-modal
inessive lemmában lemmákban
superessive lemmán lemmákon
adessive lemmánál lemmáknál
illative lemmába lemmákba
sublative lemmára lemmákra
allative lemmához lemmákhoz
elative lemmából lemmákból
delative lemmáról lemmákról
ablative lemmától lemmáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lemmáé lemmáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lemmáéi lemmákéi
Possessive forms of lemma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lemmám lemmáim
2nd person sing. lemmád lemmáid
3rd person sing. lemmája lemmái
1st person plural lemmánk lemmáink
2nd person plural lemmátok lemmáitok
3rd person plural lemmájuk lemmáik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemma m (plural lemmi)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma
  2. entry (in a dictionary)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lēmma n (genitive lēmmatis); third declension

  1. (literally) A subject for consideration or explanation, a theme, matter, subject, contents.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Younger to this entry?)
  2. (transferred senses):
    1. the title of an epigram (because it indicates the subject)
    2. the epigram itself
    3. story, tale
    4. the assumption or lemma of a syllogism
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Gellius to this entry?)
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lēmma lēmmata
Genitive lēmmatis lēmmatum
Dative lēmmatī lēmmatibus
Accusative lēmma lēmmata
Ablative lēmmate lēmmatibus
Vocative lēmma lēmmata
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Catalan: lema
  • Dutch: lemma
  • English: lemma
  • French: lemme
  • German: Lemma
  • Italian: lemma
  • Spanish: lema

References[edit]

  • lemma”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lemma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 898/2
  • lemma” on page 1,015/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably a scribal error: nim.

Noun[edit]

lemma f (genitive lemmae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of lemnia [8th C.]
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lemma lemmae
Genitive lemmae lemmārum
Dative lemmae lemmīs
Accusative lemmam lemmās
Ablative lemmā lemmīs
Vocative lemma lemmae

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemma f

  1. (linguistics, lexicography) lemma

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lemma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lemma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Noun[edit]

lemma n

  1. lemma[1] (the canonical form of an inflected word, a headword in a dictionary)
  2. (mathematics) lemma (a proposition)

Declension[edit]

Declension of lemma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lemma lemmat lemman lemmana
Genitive lemmas lemmats lemmans lemmanas

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordisk leksikografisk ordbok (1997) →ISBN