lemma

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See also: Lemma

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) enPR: lĕm'ə, IPA(key): /ˈlɛmə/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛmə
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Noun[edit]

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  2. (linguistics, lexicography) The canonical form of an inflected word; i.e., the form usually found as the headword in a dictionary, such as the nominative singular of a noun, the bare infinitive of a verb, etc.
  3. (psycholinguistics) The theoretical abstract conceptual form of a word, representing a specific meaning, before the creation of a specific phonological form as the sounds of a lexeme, which may find representation in a specific written form as a dictionary or lexicographic word.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): citation form
Antonyms[edit]
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): non-lemma
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Ancient Greek λέμμα (lémma), from λέπω (lépō, I peel).

Noun[edit]

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (botany) The outer shell of a fruit or similar body.
  2. (botany) One of the specialized bracts around the floret in grasses.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Sister projects

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛma]
  • Hyphenation: le‧m‧ma

Noun[edit]

lemma n

  1. (mathematics) lemma
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lemma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lemma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemma n (plural lemma's or lemmata, diminutive lemmaatje n)

  1. (mathematics) lemma (proved or accepted proposition used in a proof)
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word, dictionary form)

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlemːɑ/, [ˈle̞mːɑ]
  • Rhymes: -emːɑ
  • Syllabification: lem‧ma

Noun[edit]

lemma

  1. (linguistics) lemma
  2. (mathematics) lemma

Declension[edit]

Inflection of lemma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lemma lemmat
genitive lemman lemmojen
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmat
accusative nom. lemma lemmat
gen. lemman
genitive lemman lemmojen
lemmainrare
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
inessive lemmassa lemmoissa
elative lemmasta lemmoista
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
adessive lemmalla lemmoilla
ablative lemmalta lemmoilta
allative lemmalle lemmoille
essive lemmana lemmoina
translative lemmaksi lemmoiksi
instructive lemmoin
abessive lemmatta lemmoitta
comitative lemmoineen
Possessive forms of lemma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person lemmani lemmamme
2nd person lemmasi lemmanne
3rd person lemmansa

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛmːa/
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma

Noun[edit]

lemma m (plural lemmi)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma
  2. entry (in a dictionary)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • lemma” in Il Sabatini Coletti: Dizionario della Lingua Italiana (© 2011)
  • lemma1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lēmma n (genitive lēmmatis); third declension

  1. (literally) A subject for consideration or explanation, a theme, matter, subject, contents.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Younger to this entry?)
  2. (transferred senses):
    1. the title of an epigram (because it indicates the subject)
    2. the epigram itself
    3. story, tale
    4. the assumption or lemma of a syllogism
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Gellius to this entry?)
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lēmma lēmmata
Genitive lēmmatis lēmmatum
Dative lēmmatī lēmmatibus
Accusative lēmma lēmmata
Ablative lēmmate lēmmatibus
Vocative lēmma lēmmata
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: lemma
  • English: lemma
  • French: lemme
  • German: Lemma
  • Italian: lemma
  • Spanish: lema

References[edit]

  • lemma in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • lemma in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934, page 898/2
  • lemma” on page 1,015/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably a scribal error: nim.

Noun[edit]

lemma f (genitive lemmae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of lemnia [8th C.]
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lemma lemmae
Genitive lemmae lemmārum
Dative lemmae lemmīs
Accusative lemmam lemmās
Ablative lemmā lemmīs
Vocative lemma lemmae

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lemma f

  1. (linguistics, lexicography) lemma

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lemma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

lemma n

  1. lemma[1] (the canonical form of an inflected word, a headword in a dictionary)
  2. (mathematics) lemma (a proposition)

Declension[edit]

Declension of lemma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lemma lemmat lemman lemmana
Genitive lemmas lemmats lemmans lemmanas

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordisk leksikografisk ordbok (1997) →ISBN