地震

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

地震

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) earthquake

Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S

Etymology 1[edit]

/disin/ > /zisin/. Literally "ground shake".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

地震 (hiragana じしん, romaji jishin, historical hiragana ぢしん)

  1. shaking of the earth; an earthquake
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

/nawi/ > /nai/. Japanese looses labialization before non-open vowels.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

地震 (hiragana ない, romaji nai, historical hiragana なゐ)

  1. an earthquake
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (year 415)
      五年秋七月丙子朔己丑、地震。先是、命葛城襲津彦之孫玉田宿禰、主瑞齒別天皇之殯。則當地震夕、遣尾張連吾襲、察殯宮之消息。時諸人悉聚無闕。
    • 1212, Hōjōki
      また、同じころかとよ、おびたゝしく大地震ふること侍き。[...] 恐れのなかに恐るべかりけるは、只地震なりけりとこそ覺え侍しか。[...] よのつね、驚くほどの地震、二三十度ふらぬ日はなし。

Etymology 3[edit]

/nawi/ > /nai/ > /nae/. Middle Japanese /e/ was realized as [je], hence the below citation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

地震 (hiragana なえ, romaji nae)

  1. an earthquake
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 455)
      Naye. ナエ(地震) 地震. Nayega yuru. (地震が揺る) 地震がする.

References[edit]