獅子

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

獅子 (hiragana しし, katakana シシ, romaji shishi)

  1. a lion, Panthera leo, regarded as king of animals
  2. (by extension from the "king" sense) the Buddha, a Buddha
  3. short for 獅子舞 (shishimai), a traditional Chinese lion dance
  4. short for 獅子頭 (shishigashira), the lion mask traditionally worn for the lion dance
  5. short for 除夜の獅子 (joya no shishi, New Year's lion), a person dressed in costume as for a lion dance who goes door to door begging on New Year's Eve
  6. a guardian statue commonly found outside temples and shrines, often with a komainu statue, the tradition for which is said to have come over from the Korean peninsula

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

獅子 (hiragana しし, romaji Shishi)

  1. the name of the lion dance 囃子 (hayashi, musical accompaniment) in various noh and kabuki plays
  2. the first piece of music played in a 伎楽 (gigaku) performance (more commonly spelled 師子)

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 狮子
trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("lion") +  ("diminutive suffix").

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin shīzi
Zhuyin ㄕ ㄗ˙
IPA (key) /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵ d͡z̥z̩²/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

獅子 (traditional, Pinyin shīzi, simplified 狮子)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) lion

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

sư tử (Hán-Việt pronounciation of 獅子)