From Middle Chinese.
獅子 (hiragana しし, katakana シシ, romaji shishi)
- a lion, Panthera leo, regarded as king of animals
- (by extension from the "king" sense) the Buddha, a Buddha
- short for 獅子舞 (shishimai), a traditional Chinese lion dance
- short for 獅子頭 (shishigashira), the lion mask traditionally worn for the lion dance
- short for 除夜の獅子 (joya no shishi, “New Year's lion”), a person dressed in costume as for a lion dance who goes door to door begging on New Year's Eve
- a guardian statue commonly found outside temples and shrines, often with a komainu statue, the tradition for which is said to have come over from the Korean peninsula
獅子 (hiragana しし, romaji Shishi)
- the name of the lion dance 囃子 (hayashi, “musical accompaniment”) in various noh and kabuki plays
- the first piece of music played in a 伎楽 (gigaku) performance (more commonly spelled 師子)
From 狮 ("lion") + 子 ("diminutive suffix").
獅子 (traditional, Pinyin , simplified 狮子)
- (Elementary Mandarin) lion
sư tử (Hán-Việt pronounciation of 獅子)