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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
龍-order.gif

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Originally a serpent with prominent whiskered mouth and eyes, alternatively interpreted (in oracle script) as a crown ().

Current form developed in large seal script, with serpent’s body on right (tail at upper right, legs on right), whiskered/fanged mouth at lower left, and eyes/crown at upper left. Left side was subsequently simplified and abstracted, with some influence of and /. Note that existed as a traditional variant dating back to large seal script, and figures a dragon seen face-on, rather than curled around.

龍 龍 龍 龍
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 212 +0, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜尸心 (YBYSP), four-corner 01211)

  1. dragon
  2. symbolic of the emperor

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1536, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2076, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4803, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F8D

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping lung4, Yale lung4)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ lîung, Guangdong liung2; liung2, lung2 [Bao'an], lung2 [Dongguan], Hagfa Pinyim liung2, lung2)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. dragon
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 8 page 1)
      文字集畧云、龍、力鍾反、太都、○下總本有和名二字、神代紀齋明紀同訓、按太都 [...]

(hiragana りゅう, romaji ryū)

  1. dragon

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana りゅう, romaji Ryū)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Kyūjitai; simplified into as isolated shinjitai kanji, but used in Jōyō characters and (latter Jōyō as of 2010).

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryong>yong, rong>nong, mang, chong) (hangeul [[룡>용, 롱>농, 망, 총]], revised ryong>yong, rong>nong, mang, chong, McCune-Reischauer ryong>yong, rong>nong, mang, ch'ong, Yale lyong>yong, long>nong, mang, chong)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin lóng (long2), Wade-Giles lung2),

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*liong)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA liông (liong5), lîng (ling5), gîng (ging5), long (long1))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(long)