حلم

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See also: ح ل م

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ح ل م(ḥ-l-m). Akin to Aramaic חֶלְמָא(ḥelmā), Classical Syriac ܚܸܠܡܵܐ(khilma), Hebrew חֲלוֹם(khalóm). For the significations of the root in Arabic, compare م ن ي(m-n-y), whence أُمْنِيَة(ʾumniya, a wish) and مَنِيَّ(maniyya, a fluid considered conceptive; semen).

Verb[edit]

حَلَمَ (ḥalama) I, non-past يَحْلُمُ‎‎ (yaḥlumu)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to dream (something) or about [+ بِ(object)] (something) while asleep
    Synonyms: اِحْتَلَمَ(iḥtalama), رَأَى(raʾā)
    1. (intransitive, transitive) to muse, reflect, or meditate on [+ بِ(object)]; to vision, to image
      Synonyms: تَخَيَّلَ(taḵayyala), تَصَوَّرَ(taṣawwara)
  2. (intransitive) to experience the first seminal ejaculation
    Synonym: اِحْتَلَمَ(iḥtalama)
    1. (intransitive, chiefly of males) to mature physically or sexually; to attain puberty
      Synonym: بَلَغَ(balaḡa)
    2. (intransitive, law, chiefly of males, archaic) to become a legal adult or to be perceived as such
      Synonyms: بَلَغَ(balaḡa), أَدْرَكَ(ʾadraka), رَشَدَ(rašada), عَقَلَ(ʿaqala), مَيَّزَ(mayyaza)

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَلُمَ (ḥaluma) I, non-past يَحْلُمُ‎‎ (yaḥlumu)

  1. (intransitive, approving) to mature mentally or to be perceived as such; to act or think like an adult
  2. (intransitive, approving) to be gentle, forgiving, merciful, or lenient; to be mild-mannered
  3. (intransitive, approving) to restrain oneself or to be restrained or checked (especially emotionally and psychologically); to forbear, to refrain, to abstain, to withhold; to be long-suffering, to be patient or enduring; to mellow

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُلْم or حُلُم (ḥulm or ḥulumm (plural أَحْلَام(ʾaḥlām))

  1. verbal noun of حَلَمَ (ḥalama) (form I): dreaming
  2. a dream (something experienced during sleep); vision
    Synonyms: رُؤْيَا(ruʾyā), مَنَام(manām)
    Hyponym: كَابُوس(kābūs, nightmare)
  3. a wish, a hope, a desire, an aspiration; a daydream (something fantasised about or desired)
    Synonyms: مُنْيَة(munya), بُغْيَة(buḡya)
  4. utopia, irreality

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُلُم or حُلْم (ḥulum or ḥulmm

  1. verbal noun of حَلَمَ (ḥalama) (form I)
  2. sexual maturity; puberty
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 24:59:
      وَإِذَا بَلَغَ ٱلْأَطْفَالُ مِنْكُمُ ٱلْحُلُمَ فَلْيَسْتَأْذِنُوا كَمَا ٱسْتَأْذَنَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ
      waʾiḏā balaḡa l-ʾaṭfālu minkumu l-ḥuluma falyastaʾḏinū kamā staʾḏana llaḏīna min qablihim
      And if the children among you reach puberty, they shall ask for permission as those who did before them.

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

حِلْم (ḥilmm (plural حُلُوم(ḥulūm) or أَحْلَام(ʾaḥlām))

  1. verbal noun of حَلُمَ (ḥaluma) (form I)
  2. (approving) mental, psychological, or comportmental maturity; prudence; rationality; discretion
    Synonyms: عَقْل(ʿaql), حِكْمَة(ḥikma)
  3. (approving) being long-suffering, self-restraint; forbearance, longanimity
    • Al-Shafi'i
      يُخَاطِبُنِي السَّفِيهُ بِكُلِّ قُبْحٍ / فَأَكْرَهُ أَنْ أَكُونَ لَهُ مُجِيبًا
      يَزِيدُ سَفَاهَةً فَأَزِيدُ حِلْمًا / كَعُودٍ زَادَهُ الْإِحْرَاقُ طِيبًا
      yuḵāṭibuni s-safīhu bikulli qubḥin / faʾakrahu ʾan ʾakūna lahū mujīban
      yazīdu safāhatan faʾazīdu ḥilman / kaʿūdin zādahu l-ʾiḥrāqu ṭīban
      The fool would spew a lot of ugliness and filth, / And I should hate to be the one who answers him. / He grows more foolish; I grow more and more restrained, / Like incense burning with increasing fragrances.

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَلَم (ḥalamm (collective, singulative حَلَمَة‎ f (ḥalama))

  1. tick(s), mite(s)
  2. nipple(s), teat(s)
  3. callous-leaved gromwell (Moltkiopsis ciliata)

Declension[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ح ل م

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic حَلَمَ(ḥalama).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ħi.lim/, [ˈħi.lɪm]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

حلم (ḥilim) (form I, present بحلم(biḥlam))

  1. to dream
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of حلم (ḥilim)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m حلمت(ḥlimt) حلمت(ḥlimt) حلم (ḥilim) حلمنا(ḥlimna) حلمتو(ḥlimtu) حلمو(ḥilmu)
f حلمتي(ḥlimti) حلمت(ḥilmat)
present m بحلم(baḥlam) بتحلم(btiḥlam) بحلم(biḥlam) منحلم(mniḥlam) بتحلمو(btiḥlamu) بحلمو(biḥlamu)
f بتحلمي(btiḥlami) بتحلم(btiḥlam)
subjunctive m أحلم(ʔaḥlam) تحلم(tiḥlam) يحلم(yiḥlam) نحلم(niḥlam) تحلمو(tiḥlamu) يحلمو(yiḥlamu)
f تحلمي(tiḥlami) تحلم(tiḥlam)
imperative m احلم(iḥlam) احلمو(iḥlamu)
f احلمي(iḥlami)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حُلْم(ḥulm).

Noun[edit]

حلم (ḥilmm (plural أحلام(ʾaḥlām))

  1. dream