beti

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: bé tí and bé tị

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

beti (not comparable)

  1. always

Ido[edit]

Noun[edit]

beti

  1. plural of beto

Lindu[edit]

Noun[edit]

beti

  1. measuring rope

Muduapa[edit]

Noun[edit]

beti

  1. banana

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bite; sense “bait” possibly from or influenced by English bait (which is itself a doublet of bite).

Verb[edit]

beti

  1. to bite

Noun[edit]

beti

  1. bite
  2. bait

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from English belt.

Noun[edit]

beti (ma class, plural mabeti)

  1. a kind of pouch used by soldiers

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

beti (n class, plural beti)

  1. Alternative form of ubeti

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English bet.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

-beti (infinitive kubeti)

  1. to bet, gamble
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of -beti
Positive present -nabeti
Subjunctive -beti
Negative -beti
Imperative singular beti
Infinitives
Positive kubeti
Negative kutobeti
Imperatives
Singular beti
Plural betini
Tensed forms
Habitual hubeti
Positive past positive subject concord + -libeti
Negative past negative subject concord + -kubeti
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nabeti)
Singular Plural
1st person ninabeti/nabeti tunabeti
2nd person unabeti mnabeti
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anabeti wanabeti
other classes positive subject concord + -nabeti
Negative present (negative subject concord + -beti)
Singular Plural
1st person sibeti hatubeti
2nd person hubeti hambeti
3rd person m-wa(I/II) habeti hawabeti
other classes negative subject concord + -beti
Positive future positive subject concord + -tabeti
Negative future negative subject concord + -tabeti
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -beti)
Singular Plural
1st person nibeti tubeti
2nd person ubeti mbeti
3rd person m-wa(I/II) abeti wabeti
other classes positive subject concord + -beti
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sibeti
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngebeti
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singebeti
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalibeti
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalibeti
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -abeti)
Singular Plural
1st person nabeti twabeti
2nd person wabeti mwabeti
3rd person m-wa(I/II) abeti wabeti
m-mi(III/IV) wabeti yabeti
ji-ma(V/VI) labeti yabeti
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chabeti vyabeti
n(IX/X) yabeti zabeti
u(XI) wabeti see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwabeti
pa(XVI) pabeti
mu(XVIII) mwabeti
Perfect positive subject concord + -mebeti
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshabeti
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jabeti
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kibeti
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipobeti
Consecutive kabeti / positive subject concord + -kabeti
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kabeti
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nibeti -tubeti
2nd person -kubeti -wabeti/-kubetini/-wabetini
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mbeti -wabeti
m-mi(III/IV) -ubeti -ibeti
ji-ma(V/VI) -libeti -yabeti
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kibeti -vibeti
n(IX/X) -ibeti -zibeti
u(XI) -ubeti see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kubeti
pa(XVI) -pabeti
mu(XVIII) -mubeti
Reflexive -jibeti
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -beti- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -betiye -betio
m-mi(III/IV) -betio -betiyo
ji-ma(V/VI) -betilo -betiyo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -beticho -betivyo
n(IX/X) -betiyo -betizo
u(XI) -betio see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -betiko
pa(XVI) -betipo
mu(XVIII) -betimo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -beti)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yebeti -obeti
m-mi(III/IV) -obeti -yobeti
ji-ma(V/VI) -lobeti -yobeti
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chobeti -vyobeti
n(IX/X) -yobeti -zobeti
u(XI) -obeti see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kobeti
pa(XVI) -pobeti
mu(XVIII) -mobeti
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Uneapa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Western Oceanic *bʷatiq with irregular e and loss of *q. Not related to Proto-Oceanic *pudi, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *punti, due to phonological problems, although it was proposed by Johnston (1982).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beti

  1. banana

Further reading[edit]

  • Terry Crowley et al, The Oceanic Languages (2013), page 364, 370
  • Johnston, R.L. 1982. "Proto-Kimbe and the New Guinea Oceanic hypothesis". In Halim, A., Carrington, L. and Wurm, S.A. editors. Papers from the Third International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, Vol. 1: Currents in Oceanic, 59-95.
  • Lynch, John (December 2002), “The Proto-Oceanic Labiovelars: Some New Observations”, in Oceanic Linguistics, volume 41, issue 2, pages 310-362

West Makian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Said by Voorhoeve to be from North Moluccan Malay [Term?]. Compare North Moluccan Malay pece (mud), Indonesian becek (mud), Ternate bece (dust).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beti

  1. a swamp
  2. mud

References[edit]

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[1], Pacific linguistics