bura

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See also: Bura, búra, bură, burą, and бура

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /burɑ/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bura

  1. here, this place.
    Bura qalmalı yer deyilThis (place) is not a place where one can live
    Bura hər hansısa filmdən bir fraqment deyil, bura SuriyadırThis (place) is not a fragment from a movie, this (place) is Syria
    Bura Spartadır!This is Sparta!
Declension[edit]
    Declension of bura
singular plural
nominative bura
buralar
definite accusative buranı
buraları
dative buraya
buralara
locative burada
buralarda
ablative buradan
buralardan
definite genitive buranın
buraların
    Possessive forms of bura
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) buram buralarım
sənin (your) buran buraların
onun (his/her/its) burası buraları
bizim (our) buramız buralarımız
sizin (your) buranız buralarınız
onların (their) burası or buraları buraları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) buramı buralarımı
sənin (your) buranı buralarını
onun (his/her/its) burasını buralarını
bizim (our) buramızı buralarımızı
sizin (your) buranızı buralarınızı
onların (their) burasını or buralarını buralarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) burama buralarıma
sənin (your) burana buralarına
onun (his/her/its) burasına buralarına
bizim (our) buramıza buralarımıza
sizin (your) buranıza buralarınıza
onların (their) burasına or buralarına buralarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) buramda buralarımda
sənin (your) buranda buralarında
onun (his/her/its) burasında buralarında
bizim (our) buramızda buralarımızda
sizin (your) buranızda buralarınızda
onların (their) burasında or buralarında buralarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) buramdan buralarımdan
sənin (your) burandan buralarından
onun (his/her/its) burasından buralarından
bizim (our) buramızdan buralarımızdan
sizin (your) buranızdan buralarınızdan
onların (their) burasından or buralarından buralarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) buramın buralarımın
sənin (your) buranın buralarının
onun (his/her/its) burasının buralarının
bizim (our) buramızın buralarımızın
sizin (your) buranızın buralarınızın
onların (their) burasının or buralarının buralarının

Etymology 2[edit]

From a reduction of buraya, singular dative of bura.

Adverb[edit]

bura

  1. to here, to this place, hither.
    bura mənim toçkamdır, heç kim bura gəlməsin
    This is my spot, no one should come here

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably ultimately from Latin boreas < Ancient Greek Βορέᾱς (Boréās). Compare Italian borea, Romanian bură, Venetian bura.

Noun[edit]

bura f

  1. north wind

Gamilaraay[edit]

Noun[edit]

bura

  1. bone

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Bengali বুড়ো (buṛo).

Noun[edit]

bura

  1. elder

Derived terms[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /búː.ɽáː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [búː.ɽáː]

Noun[edit]

būrā f (possessed form būrar̃)

  1. penis
    Synonyms: azzakari, bindi, jela, wutsiya

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbuːrɒ]
  • Hyphenation: bu‧ra

Noun[edit]

bura

  1. Superseded spelling of búra.[1]

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bura burák
accusative burát burákat
dative burának buráknak
instrumental burával burákkal
causal-final buráért burákért
translative burává burákká
terminative buráig burákig
essive-formal buraként burákként
essive-modal
inessive burában burákban
superessive burán burákon
adessive buránál buráknál
illative burába burákba
sublative burára burákra
allative burához burákhoz
elative burából burákból
delative buráról burákról
ablative burától buráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
buráé buráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
buráéi burákéi
Possessive forms of bura
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. burám buráim
2nd person sing. burád buráid
3rd person sing. burája burái
1st person plural buránk buráink
2nd person plural burátok buráitok
3rd person plural burájuk buráik

References[edit]

  1. ^  A magyar helyesírás szabályai, 12. kiadás (’The Rules of Hungarian Orthography, 12th edition’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2015. →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay bura.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbura]
  • Hyphenation: bu‧ra

Verb[edit]

bura

  1. to spit (said of snakes)

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bura

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ブラ

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Etruscan 𐌐𐌖𐌓𐌀 (pura, plough beam).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

būra f (genitive būrae); first declension

  1. beam of a plough

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative būra būrae
Genitive būrae būrārum
Dative būrae būrīs
Accusative būram būrās
Ablative būrā būrīs
Vocative būra būrae

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: bure

References[edit]

  • bura”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bura in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bura”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]
  • bura”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bura”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • bura”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  1. ^ McInerney, Jeremy (2014): A Companion to Ethnicity in the Ancient Mediterranean

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Lithuanian bùrė (sail). Ultimately perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bew-, *bʰew- (to swell) (whence also bozt) with a suffix -rā- whence Proto-Baltic *burā- whence the Latvian term with the initial meaning of “that which inflates”. It is possible that the Lithuanian term is a borrowing from Latvian (Nieminen, Fraenkel). Of the same origin are the dialectal terms būra, būris (crowd), compare Lithuanian būrỹs (crowd), Sanskrit भूरि (bhū́ri, plentiful; numerous). [The usual meaning of būris (cage) is unrelated, this is a borrowing from Middle Low German.]

A different opinion (Pokorny, Endzelīns) is that this term is to be linked with Ancient Greek φᾶρος (phâros), later form φάρος (pháros, fabric, canvas) from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to weave) or, according to a different opinion (Mikola, Nieminen, Fraenkel), the term is borrowed from Livonian pūŗaz (< *purri), compare Finnish purje (id.) However, no forms with p- have been recorded in Latvian dialects.

This term was introduced in the literary language (from some dialect) during the 1870s by K. Valdemārs, before that the typical term for a sail was zēģele, from Middle Dutch zegel or Middle Low German segel (sail). Karulis assumes that bura must have been a Curonian word noting similarities with the Kursenieki (Latvian language enclaves around the Curonian Lagoon, former East Prussia) terms bur(-a) and burpils “crooked or hollowed out piece of wood for sprinkling sails with water”, where -pils from pilt “to bail (i.e., scoop water)”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): [bura]

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Noun[edit]

bura f (4th declension)

  1. sail

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bura”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *buʀah, from Proto-Austronesian *buʀəS.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bura (Jawi spelling بورا‎)

  1. to spit out; to eject
  2. to spray
  3. (Singapore) to be chucked out
  4. to pillory

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Noun[edit]

bura

  1. genitive plural of burr

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbu.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ura
  • Syllabification: bu‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bura f

  1. (colloquial) rebuke
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Adjective[edit]

bura

  1. feminine nominative/vocative singular of bury

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bourrer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

a bura (third-person singular present burează, past participle burat1st conj.

  1. to drizzle

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bura f (plural buras)

  1. (sports, Sutsilvan) ball

Synonyms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran, Puter, Vallader) balla

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *buřa, akin to Bulgarian and Russian буря (burja), Slovene burja, Slovak búrka and búrať (to crush). Non-Slavic cognates include Old Norse byrr (fair wind), Latin furō (I rage, rave), Sanskrit भुरति (bhurati, to stir, palpitate).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bûra/
  • Hyphenation: bu‧ra

Noun[edit]

bȕra f (Cyrillic spelling бу̏ра)

  1. bora (wind)
    Bura jača.
    The bora is growing strong.
    Bura slabi.
    The bora is growing weak.
  2. (figuratively) an event that causes much stir, passion and changes
    Njen dolazak je izazvao buru negodovanja.
    Her arrival caused a lot of disapproval.

Declension[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish borrar (to erase).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: bu‧ra
  • IPA(key): /buˈɾa/, [bʊˈɾa]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

burá

  1. erasure
    Synonyms: payi, pawi, pahi
  2. vociferous outburst of anger or displeasure
    Synonyms: takap, busa
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

burá

  1. erased; rubbed out
    Synonyms: pawi, katkat, payi, burado
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Spanish boda (wedding).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: bu‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈbuɾa/, [ˈbʊ.ɾɐ]

Noun[edit]

bura

  1. (dialectal, Batangas) wedding
    Synonyms: kasal, kasalan, boda, baysanan

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

bu +‎ -ra

Noun[edit]

bura (definite accusative burayı, plural buralar)

  1. (colloquial) this place here.
    • 1965, Aziz Nesin, “Basbayağı Bir Kadri”, reprinted in Sosyalizm Geliyor Savulun, Nesin Yayıncılık, 2019, page 22:
      Hiç öyle bir namlı topçu, bura takımında oynamaya tenezzül eder mi?
      Would such a famous footballer deign to play on the local team?

Usage notes[edit]

Formerly in common use, this noun is used as such only colloquially in present-day Turkish, and then only to refer to places of lesser importance, like some backwoods town. Several of its inflected forms, however, are commonly used, mainly as adverbs.

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative bura
Definite accusative burayı
Singular Plural
Nominative bura buralar
Definite accusative burayı buraları
Dative buraya buralara
Locative burada buralarda
Ablative buradan buralardan
Genitive buranın buraların

Derived terms[edit]


Yoruba[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From (to insult, to hurl invectives) +‎ ara (body), literally to hurl invectives at one's self.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

búra

  1. (transitive) to swear, to take an oath, to forswear
Derived terms[edit]