nyonga

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Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

nyonga (n class, plural nyonga)

  1. Alternative form of unyonga

Noun[edit]

nyonga

  1. plural of unyonga

Verb[edit]

-nyonga (infinitive kunyonga)

  1. to strangle, throttle; hang

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -nyonga
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kunyonga kutonyonga
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative nyonga nyongeni
Habitual hunyonga
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilinyonga
nalinyonga
tulinyonga
twalinyonga
ulinyonga
walinyonga
mlinyonga
mwalinyonga
alinyonga walinyonga ulinyonga ilinyonga lilinyonga yalinyonga kilinyonga vilinyonga ilinyonga zilinyonga ulinyonga kulinyonga palinyonga mulinyonga
Relative nilionyonga
nalionyonga
tulionyonga
twalionyonga
ulionyonga
walionyonga
mlionyonga
mwalionyonga
alionyonga walionyonga ulionyonga ilionyonga lilionyonga yalionyonga kilionyonga vilionyonga ilionyonga zilionyonga ulionyonga kulionyonga palionyonga mulionyonga
Negative sikunyonga hatukunyonga hukunyonga hamkunyonga hakunyonga hawakunyonga haukunyonga haikunyonga halikunyonga hayakunyonga hakikunyonga havikunyonga haikunyonga hazikunyonga haukunyonga hakukunyonga hapakunyonga hamukunyonga
Present
Positive ninanyonga
nanyonga
tunanyonga unanyonga mnanyonga ananyonga wananyonga unanyonga inanyonga linanyonga yananyonga kinanyonga vinanyonga inanyonga zinanyonga unanyonga kunanyonga pananyonga munanyonga
Relative ninaonyonga
naonyonga
tunaonyonga unaonyonga mnaonyonga anaonyonga wanaonyonga unaonyonga inaonyonga linaonyonga yanaonyonga kinaonyonga vinaonyonga inaonyonga zinaonyonga unaonyonga kunaonyonga panaonyonga munaonyonga
Negative sinyongi hatunyongi hunyongi hamnyongi hanyongi hawanyongi haunyongi hainyongi halinyongi hayanyongi hakinyongi havinyongi hainyongi hazinyongi haunyongi hakunyongi hapanyongi hamunyongi
Future
Positive nitanyonga tutanyonga utanyonga mtanyonga atanyonga watanyonga utanyonga itanyonga litanyonga yatanyonga kitanyonga vitanyonga itanyonga zitanyonga utanyonga kutanyonga patanyonga mutanyonga
Relative nitakaonyonga tutakaonyonga utakaonyonga mtakaonyonga atakaonyonga watakaonyonga utakaonyonga itakaonyonga litakaonyonga yatakaonyonga kitakaonyonga vitakaonyonga itakaonyonga zitakaonyonga utakaonyonga kutakaonyonga patakaonyonga mutakaonyonga
Negative sitanyonga hatutanyonga hutanyonga hamtanyonga hatanyonga hawatanyonga hautanyonga haitanyonga halitanyonga hayatanyonga hakitanyonga havitanyonga haitanyonga hazitanyonga hautanyonga hakutanyonga hapatanyonga hamutanyonga
Subjunctive
Positive ninyonge tunyonge unyonge mnyonge anyonge wanyonge unyonge inyonge linyonge yanyonge kinyonge vinyonge inyonge zinyonge unyonge kunyonge panyonge munyonge
Negative nisinyonge tusinyonge usinyonge msinyonge asinyonge wasinyonge usinyonge isinyonge lisinyonge yasinyonge kisinyonge visinyonge isinyonge zisinyonge usinyonge kusinyonge pasinyonge musinyonge
Present Conditional
Positive ningenyonga tungenyonga ungenyonga mngenyonga angenyonga wangenyonga ungenyonga ingenyonga lingenyonga yangenyonga kingenyonga vingenyonga ingenyonga zingenyonga ungenyonga kungenyonga pangenyonga mungenyonga
Negative nisingenyonga
singenyonga
tusingenyonga
hatungenyonga
usingenyonga
hungenyonga
msingenyonga
hamngenyonga
asingenyonga
hangenyonga
wasingenyonga
hawangenyonga
usingenyonga
haungenyonga
isingenyonga
haingenyonga
lisingenyonga
halingenyonga
yasingenyonga
hayangenyonga
kisingenyonga
hakingenyonga
visingenyonga
havingenyonga
isingenyonga
haingenyonga
zisingenyonga
hazingenyonga
usingenyonga
haungenyonga
kusingenyonga
hakungenyonga
pasingenyonga
hapangenyonga
musingenyonga
hamungenyonga
Past Conditional
Positive ningalinyonga tungalinyonga ungalinyonga mngalinyonga angalinyonga wangalinyonga ungalinyonga ingalinyonga lingalinyonga yangalinyonga kingalinyonga vingalinyonga ingalinyonga zingalinyonga ungalinyonga kungalinyonga pangalinyonga mungalinyonga
Negative nisingalinyonga
singalinyonga
tusingalinyonga
hatungalinyonga
usingalinyonga
hungalinyonga
msingalinyonga
hamngalinyonga
asingalinyonga
hangalinyonga
wasingalinyonga
hawangalinyonga
usingalinyonga
haungalinyonga
isingalinyonga
haingalinyonga
lisingalinyonga
halingalinyonga
yasingalinyonga
hayangalinyonga
kisingalinyonga
hakingalinyonga
visingalinyonga
havingalinyonga
isingalinyonga
haingalinyonga
zisingalinyonga
hazingalinyonga
usingalinyonga
haungalinyonga
kusingalinyonga
hakungalinyonga
pasingalinyonga
hapangalinyonga
musingalinyonga
hamungalinyonga
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelinyonga tungelinyonga ungelinyonga mngelinyonga angelinyonga wangelinyonga ungelinyonga ingelinyonga lingelinyonga yangelinyonga kingelinyonga vingelinyonga ingelinyonga zingelinyonga ungelinyonga kungelinyonga pangelinyonga mungelinyonga
General Relative
Positive ninyongao tunyongao unyongao mnyongao anyongao wanyongao unyongao inyongao linyongao yanyongao kinyongao vinyongao inyongao zinyongao unyongao kunyongao panyongao munyongao
Negative nisionyonga tusionyonga usionyonga msionyonga asionyonga wasionyonga usionyonga isionyonga lisionyonga yasionyonga kisionyonga visionyonga isionyonga zisionyonga usionyonga kusionyonga pasionyonga musionyonga
Gnomic
Positive nanyonga twanyonga wanyonga mwanyonga anyonga wanyonga wanyonga yanyonga lanyonga yanyonga chanyonga vyanyonga yanyonga zanyonga wanyonga kwanyonga panyonga mwanyonga
Perfect
Positive nimenyonga tumenyonga umenyonga mmenyonga amenyonga wamenyonga umenyonga imenyonga limenyonga yamenyonga kimenyonga vimenyonga imenyonga zimenyonga umenyonga kumenyonga pamenyonga mumenyonga
"Already"
Positive nimeshanyonga tumeshanyonga umeshanyonga mmeshanyonga ameshanyonga wameshanyonga umeshanyonga imeshanyonga limeshanyonga yameshanyonga kimeshanyonga vimeshanyonga imeshanyonga zimeshanyonga umeshanyonga kumeshanyonga pameshanyonga mumeshanyonga
"Not yet"
Negative sijanyonga hatujanyonga hujanyonga hamjanyonga hajanyonga hawajanyonga haujanyonga haijanyonga halijanyonga hayajanyonga hakijanyonga havijanyonga haijanyonga hazijanyonga haujanyonga hakujanyonga hapajanyonga hamujanyonga
"If/When"
Positive nikinyonga tukinyonga ukinyonga mkinyonga akinyonga wakinyonga ukinyonga ikinyonga likinyonga yakinyonga kikinyonga vikinyonga ikinyonga zikinyonga ukinyonga kukinyonga pakinyonga mukinyonga
"If not"
Negative nisiponyonga tusiponyonga usiponyonga msiponyonga asiponyonga wasiponyonga usiponyonga isiponyonga lisiponyonga yasiponyonga kisiponyonga visiponyonga isiponyonga zisiponyonga usiponyonga kusiponyonga pasiponyonga musiponyonga
Consecutive
Positive nikanyonga tukanyonga ukanyonga mkanyonga akanyonga wakanyonga ukanyonga ikanyonga likanyonga yakanyonga kikanyonga vikanyonga ikanyonga zikanyonga ukanyonga kukanyonga pakanyonga mukanyonga
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]