trocar

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See also: troçar

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From French trocart, corruption of trois-quart.

Noun[edit]

trocar (plural trocars)

  1. A pointed hollow cylindrical device used to make small incisions and surgically insert cannulas, etc., into body cavities, or to aspirate fluids.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

14th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese trocar. Further etymology is uncertain.[1] Gognate with French troquer, English truck, Portuguese trocar, Spanish trocar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

trocar (first-person singular present troco, first-person singular preterite troquei, past participle trocado)

  1. to barter
    • 1381, M. Lucas Álvarez & P. Lucas Domínguez (eds.), El priorato benedictino de San Vicenzo de Pombeiro y su colección diplomática en la Edad Media. Sada: Ediciós do Castro, page 101:
      para vender, dar et donar et anejenar, trocar et canbiar
      for selling, giving and donating and alienating, bartering and exchanging
  2. to exchange, interchange
    Synonym: cambiar

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • trocar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • troq” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • trocar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • trocar” in Santamarina, Antón (dir.), Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja: Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega (v 4.0). Santiago: ILG.
  • trocar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. trocar.

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese trocar.

Verb[edit]

trocar (Latin spelling)

  1. to change

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese trocar, of uncertain origin. Cognate with Spanish trocar and French troquer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

trocar (first-person singular present indicative troco, past participle trocado)

  1. (transitive or ditransitive, with the indirect object taking por) to substitute; to replace (to remove something and put a new one in its place)
    Quero trocar meu carro por um novo.
    I want to get a new car.
    Precisamos trocar as lâmpadas queimadas.
    We have to replace the burnt-out lightbulbs.
    Synonym: substituir
  2. (transitive with de) to change (to dispose of something one owns or is using and get a new one)
    Troque de roupa.
    Change your clothes.
    Quero trocar de carro.
    I want to get another car.
    Synonym: mudar de
  3. (transitive) to trade with; to exchange (to give [+ com (somebody)] something in exchange for [+ por (something else)])
    Eu e o meu primo trocamos livros.
    My cousin and I traded books.
    O explorador trocou presentes com os nativos.
    The explorer exchanged gifts with the natives.
    Troco um par de sapatos por uma blusa.
    I’ll exchange a pair of shoes for a sweater.
    Synonym: cambiar
  4. (transitive) to swap (to switch the position of two things)
    Trocamos os dois cabos e o motor funcionou.
    We swapped the two cables and the motor started working.
    Synonym: intercambiar
  5. (ditransitive, with the indirect object taking com) to exchange (to give and receive continuously)
    Todo dia eu trocava umas ideias com o vizinho.
    Every day I chatted (literally: exchanged some ideas) with the neighbour.
    Os boxeadores estão trocando socos na cabeça.
    The boxers are exchanging blows to their heads.
  6. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of trocar
  7. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of trocar
  8. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of trocar
  9. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of trocar

Conjugation[edit]

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:trocar.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin trocāre. Cognate to English truck.

Verb[edit]

trocar (first-person singular present trueco, first-person singular preterite troqué, past participle trocado)

  1. to barter
  2. (reflexive, followed by "en") to turn into; become (usually, for negative changes)

Conjugation[edit]

  • Rule: o becomes ue in stressed syllables; c becomes qu before e.

Related terms[edit]