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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人月一口 (OBMR), four-corner 27220, composition)

  1. big
  2. ignorant
  3. rude, rustic

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 102, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 216, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 148, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F97

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (侗), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 徒紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/ /dʱuŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/ /dəwŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/
Character (侗), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 他紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰəwŋ/ /tʰuŋ/ /tʰuŋ/
Character (侗), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 他孔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuŋX/ /tʰuŋX/ /tʰuŋX/ /tʰuŋX/ /tʰəwŋX/ /tʰuŋX/ /tʰuŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12442 0 /*tʰoːŋ/
12445 0 /*tʰoːŋʔ/
12454 0 /*doːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong)

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