天竺

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Jinmeiyō

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/tendiku/ → /tenziku/. From Sinitic 天竺, itself a transcription from Old Persian *Hind-uka - hypocoristic of *Hinduš ("people living beyond the Indus"). See below for more.

Proper noun[edit]

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, historical hiragana てんぢく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. (archaic) India.

Etymology 2[edit]

/tendiku/ → /tenziku/. By extension from the noun sense.

Noun[edit]

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, historical hiragana てんぢく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. Foreign or exotic.
  2. Overly spicy or hot.

Etymology 3[edit]

By extension from the 天 character, and possibly by association with the Himalayas.

Noun[edit]

天竺 (hiragana てんじく, romaji tenjiku)

  1. The sky; the heavens.
  2. A summit.
Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First recorded use in the Traditions of the Western Regions (西域傳) portion of the Book of Han, finished in 111 CE. Itself a transcription of Old Persian *Hind-uka - hypocoristic of *Hinduš ("people living beyond the Indus"). Late Old Chinese pronunciation: *l̥ˁin tˁuk. Variant transcription: 身毒 (Shēndú, from Late Old Chinese *qʰjin dˁuk).

Proper noun[edit]

天竺 (traditional, Pinyin Tiānzhú)

  1. (archaic) India or Nepal