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U+698E, 榎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-698E

[U+698D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+698F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木一山水 (DMUE), four-corner 41947, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 542, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15219
  • Dae Jaweon: page 930, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1263, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+698E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraːʔ
*sraːs, *ɡraːʔ
*sqʰraːs, *qraːds
*ɡraːʔ, *ɡraːs

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨX/
Li
Rong
/kaX/
Wang
Li
/kaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiǎ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13449
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Catalpa bungei

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (ke)
  • Kan-on: (ka)
  • Kun: (e, ); えのき (enoki, )

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(e, enoki): the Chinese hackberry tree.
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

There are various theories regarding the ultimate derivation of this e. Some of these include:

  • From (e, eda, branch), from the many branches
  • From (e, esa, food for animals), from the multitude of berries eaten by birds
  • From (e, handle), from the way the wood was used for tool handles

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji e)

  1. Celtis sinensis, the Chinese hackberry tree
    Synonym: (enoki) (see below)
  2. (rare) the Chinese hackberry fruit
    Synonym: 榎の実 (e no mi, enoki no mi)
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is generally not used in isolation in modern Japanese.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
えのき
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Compound of (e, Chinese hackberry) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ki, tree). Compare the similar formation of various other tree names, such as (kusu, camphor; camphor tree) and (kusunoki, camphor tree).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana えのき, katakana エノキ, rōmaji enoki)

  1. Celtis sinensis, the Chinese hackberry tree
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as エノキ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 16, poem 3872), text here
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

Etymology at Nihonjiten (in Japanese)


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga) (hangeul , revised ga, McCune–Reischauer ka, Yale ka)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.