蝙蝠

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Chinese[edit]

bat
simp. and trad.
(蝙蝠)
variant forms 𧓧蝮 archaic
Wikipedia has an article on:
蝙蝠

Etymology[edit]

An alliterative augmentation of (OC *pɯɡ, “bat”), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *baːk (bat). Cognate with Mizo bâk (bat).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bin1 fuk1, bin2 fuk1 - rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (85) (4)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pen/ /pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pen/ /piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɛn/ /piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pɛn/ /puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/pen/ /piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pien/ /pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pien/ /pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biān fu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 725 3398
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peːn/ /*pɯɡ/

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠

  1. bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 蝙蝠 (“bat (animal)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蝙蝠服翼 E飛鼠 E老鼠 E薔鼠 E蟙鏰 Northern Yan
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蝙蝠
Taxonomic name 蝙蝠
Mandarin Beijing 燕麼虎兒蝙蝠兒
Taiwan 蝙蝠
Tianjin 燕巴虎兒簷老鼠
Harbin 燕別咕燕別蝠
Shenyang 燕別蝠
Jinan 簷壁蝠子簷壁虎 suburban
Muping 元寶戶兒
Luoyang 夜鱉胡
Jiedian 夜蝙蟲
Xi'an 夜標虎夜標虎兒
Zhengzhou 鹽變呼
Xining 夜百風
Yinchuan 夜蝙蝠
Lanzhou 夜蝙蝠
Ürümqi 鴷蝙蝠
Wuhan 簷老鼠簷鼠佬
Chengdu 簷老鼠兒夜壁蝠兒蝙蝠
Guiyang 夜老鼠鹽老鼠
Liuzhou 飛鼠
Kunming 夜壁蝠
Yangzhou 壁蝠子
Nanjing 蝙蝠
Hefei 壁蝠簷老鼠
Nantong 偷油老鼠油老鼠
Cantonese Guangzhou 蝠鼠飛鼠
Hong Kong 蝙蝠蝠鼠飛鼠
Shunde 蝠鼠
Foshan 飛鼠蝠鼠
Zhongshan 飛鼠
Dongguan 蝠鼠飛鼠
Hong Kong (Weitou) 蝠鼠盲老鼠
Taishan 飛鼠
Doumen 飛鼠
Kaiping 飛鼠
Shaoguan 飛鼠
Yunfu 飛鼠
Yangjiang 蝠鼠飛鼠
Xinyi 飛鼠
Lianjiang 飛鼠
Nanning 飛鼠
Kuala Lumpur 飛鼠蝠鼠
Gan Nanchang 簷老鼠蝙蝠
Lichuan 簷老鼠
Pingxiang 簷老鼠
Hakka Meixian 蝠婆仔
Xingning 蝠婆哩
Huidong 蚊鼠
Qujiang 飛鼠
Xiaosanjiang 飛鼠
Changting 調簷老鼠
Pingyu 蝠婆子
Wuping 婢婆子
Liancheng 簷老鼠
Ninghua 簷老鼠
Yudu 琵琶老鼠
Ruijin 簷老鼠
Shicheng 簷老鼠
Shangyou 琵琶老鼠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蝙蝠蝠婆蝠婆仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蝙蝠蝠婆蝠婆仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝙蝠蝠婆
Dongshi (Dabu) 蝙蝠蝠婆
Zhuolan (Raoping) 蝠婆蝠婆仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蝠婆
Hong Kong 蝠婆蚊鼠
Sabah 蝠婆蝠婆仔
Senai 蝠婆
Singkawang 蝠婆
Huizhou Shexian 偷油燕偷油老鼠陌翼老鼠
Tunxi 拉叭布翼
Jixi 飛行老鼠天行老鼠
Jin Taiyuan 夜壁蝠
Xinzhou 夜蝙蝠
Min Bei Jian'ou 比婆蝙蝠
Min Dong Fuzhou 琵琶兜壁蝙蝠野燕
Fuqing 蝙蝠
Min Nan Xiamen 密婆日婆夜婆
Quanzhou 日婆
Zhangzhou 密婆
Taipei 日婆夜婆密婆
Kaohsiung 夜婆仔密婆
Tainan 夜婆密婆
Taichung 日婆
Wuqi 夜婆
Hsinchu 夜婆
Taitung 夜婆
Lukang 夜婆
Sanxia 密婆
Yilan 密婆夜婆
Kinmen 月婆密婆夜婆
Magong 蝙蝠密婆
Penang 密婆
Singapore 密婆
Pingnan 飛鼠
Chaozhou 密婆
Shantou 蝠婆
Johor Bahru 密婆
Haikou 飛鼠佛鼠
Leizhou 飛鼠
Pinghua Nanning 飛鼠
Wu Shanghai 蝙蝠
Suzhou 蝙蝠子
Hangzhou 蝙蝠
Wenzhou 皮翼老鼠皮翼
Danyang 蝙蝠蝙蝠蝠
Jinhua 老鼠皮翼
Ningbo 蝙蝠老鼠蝙蝠
Xiang Changsha 簷老鼠
Shuangfeng 簷老鼠
Xiangtan 簷老鼠
Loudi 簷老鼠
Note E - east of Hangu Pass

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (蝙蝠):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

/kapapori//kafabori//kawabori//kaumori//kɔːmori//koːmori/

Alteration of kawahori,[1][2] or kawabori (see below).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 蝙蝠.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana こうもり, katakana コウモリ, rōmaji kōmori, historical hiragana かうもり)

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)
    • 1999 May 25, “バット [Bat]”, in BOOSTER 2 (in Japanese), Konami:
       () (ゆう)のハネに (とう) (さい)された (ばく) (だん) ()としてくるメカコウモリ
      Sayū no hane ni tōsai sareta bakudan o otoshite kuru meka-kōmori.
      A mecha-bat that drops bombs from its two wings.
    Synonyms: 蚊食い鳥 (kakuidori), 天鼠 (tenso), バット (batto), 飛鼠 (hiso)
  2. an opportunist
  3. Short for 蝙蝠傘 (kōmori-gasa): a Western-style umbrella
  4. Short for 蝙蝠羽織 (kōmori-baori): a haori with long sleeves similar to the wings of a bat
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

/kapapori//kafafori//kawahori/

First attested in the Honzō Wamyō (918 CE).

Ultimate derivation unclear, appears to be derived from a compound. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 蝙蝠.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [ka̠ɰᵝa̠ho̞ɾʲi]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana かわほり, rōmaji kawahori, historical hiragana かはほり)
(alternative reading hiragana かわぼり, romaji kawabori, historical hiragana かはぼり)

  1. (archaic) a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)
  2. Short for 蝙蝠扇 (kawahori-ōgi): a paper folding fan
  3. Short for 蝙蝠羽織 (kawahori-baori): a haori with long sleeves similar to the wings of a bat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
へん
Hyōgaiji
ふく > ぷく
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蝙蝠 (MC pen pɨuk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana へんぷく, rōmaji henpuku)

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (pyeonbok) (hangeul 편복)

  1. Hanja form? of 편복 (bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese 蝙蝠 (kōmori).

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana かーぶやー, romaji kābuyā)

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)