蝙蝠

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Chinese[edit]

bat
trad. (蝙蝠)
simp. #(蝙蝠)
alternative forms 𧓧蝮 archaic
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Etymology[edit]

An alliterative augmentation of (OC *pɯɡ, “bat”), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *baːk (bat). Cognate with Mizo bâk (bat).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bin1 fuk1, bin2 fuk1 - rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (85) (4)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Baxter pen pjuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pen/ /pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pen/ /piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɛn/ /piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pɛn/ /puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/pen/ /piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pien/ /pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pien/ /pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biān fu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bin1 fuk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[p]ək/
English bat (Sagart, 2017)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 725 3398
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peːn/ /*pɯɡ/
蝙蝠

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠

  1. bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera) (Classifier: m c mn)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (蝙蝠):
  • Japanese: 蝙蝠(へんぷく) (henpuku)
  • Korean: 편복(蝙蝠) (pyeonbok)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
こうもり
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
jukujikun

/kapapori//kafabori//kawabori//kaumori//kɔːmori//koːmori/

Alteration of kawahori,[1][2] or kawabori (see below).

Orthographic borrowing from Chinese 蝙蝠.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠(こうもり) or 蝙蝠(コウモリ) (kōmoriかうもり (kaumori)?

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)
    Synonyms: 蚊食い鳥 (kakuidori), 天鼠 (tenso), バット (batto), 飛鼠 (hiso)
    • 1999 May 25, “バット [Bat]”, in BOOSTER 2, Konami:
      ()(ゆう)のハネに(とう)(さい)された(ばく)(だん)()としてくるメカコウモリ
      Sayū no hane ni tōsai sareta bakudan o otoshite kuru meka-kōmori.
      A mecha-bat that drops bombs from its two wings.
  2. an opportunist
  3. Short for 蝙蝠傘 (kōmori-gasa): a Western-style umbrella
  4. Short for 蝙蝠羽織 (kōmori-baori): a haori with long sleeves similar to the wings of a bat
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as コウモリ.

Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かわほり
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
jukujikun

/kapapori//kafafori//kawahori/

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[4]

Ultimate derivation unclear, appears to be derived from a compound.

Likely from , (kawa, leather, skin) + an unknown component hori.

Orthographic borrowing from Chinese 蝙蝠.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ka̠ɰᵝa̠ho̞ɾʲi]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠(かわほり) (kawahoriかはほり (kafafori)?
(alternative reading hiragana かわぼり, rōmaji kawabori, historical hiragana かはぼり)

  1. (archaic) a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)
  2. Short for 蝙蝠扇 (kawahori-ōgi): a paper folding fan
  3. Short for 蝙蝠羽織 (kawahori-baori): a haori with long sleeves similar to the wings of a bat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
へん
Hyōgaiji
ふく > ぷく
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蝙蝠 (MC pen pjuwk).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(へん)(ぷく) (henpuku

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 [Daijisen] (in Japanese), First edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  4. ^ 蝙蝠”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (pyeonbok) (hangeul 편복)

  1. Hanja form? of 편복 (bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)).

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 蝙蝠 (kōmori).

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠(かーぶやー) (kābuyā

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)