蝙蝠

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Chinese[edit]

bat
simp. and trad.
(蝙蝠)
variant forms 𧓧蝮 archaic
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Etymology[edit]

An alliterative augmentation of (OC *pɯɡ, “bat”), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *baːk (bat). Cognate with Mizo bâk (bat).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bin1 fuk1, bin2 fuk1 - rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (1) (1)
Final () (85) (4)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pen/ /pɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pen/ /piuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɛn/ /piuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pɛn/ /puwk̚/
Li
Rong
/pen/ /piuk̚/
Wang
Li
/pien/ /pĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pien/ /pi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biān fu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 725 3398
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peːn/ /*pɯɡ/

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠

  1. bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 蝙蝠 (“bat (animal)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 蝙蝠, 服翼 E, 飛鼠 E, 老鼠 E, 薔鼠 E, 蟙鏰 Northern Yan
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蝙蝠
Taxonomic name 蝙蝠
Mandarin Beijing 燕麼虎兒, 燕麼虎子, 蝙蝠兒
Taiwan 蝙蝠
Tianjin 燕巴虎兒, 簷老鼠
Harbin 燕別咕, 燕別蝠
Shenyang 燕別蝠
Hailar 燕別咕
Ulanhot 燕別咕
Tongliao 燕別咕
Chifeng 燕蝙虎
Bayanhot 夜蝙蝠
Jinan 簷壁蝠子, 簷壁虎 suburban
Muping 元寶戶兒
Luoyang 夜鱉胡
Wanrong 夜蝙蟲
Xi'an 夜標虎, 夜標虎兒
Qingdao 蝙蝠兒
Zhengzhou 鹽變呼
Xining 夜百風
Yinchuan 夜蝙蝠
Lanzhou 夜蝙蝠
Ürümqi 鴷蝙蝠
Wuhan 簷老鼠, 簷鼠佬
Huanggang 簷老鼠
Chengdu 簷老鼠兒, 夜壁蝠兒, 蝙蝠
Guiyang 夜老鼠, 鹽老鼠
Liuzhou 飛鼠
Kunming 夜壁蝠
Yangzhou 壁蝠子
Nanjing 蝙蝠
Hefei 壁蝠, 簷老鼠
Nantong 偷油老鼠, 油老鼠
Cantonese Guangzhou 蝠鼠, 飛鼠
Hong Kong 蝙蝠, 蝠鼠, 飛鼠
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 蝠鼠, 盲老鼠
Foshan 飛鼠, 蝠鼠
Shunde 蝠鼠
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 飛鼠
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 飛鼠
Taishan 飛鼠
Kaiping (Chikan) 飛鼠
Dongguan 蝠鼠, 飛鼠
Shaoguan 飛鼠
Yunfu 飛鼠
Yangjiang 蝠鼠, 飛鼠
Xinyi 飛鼠
Lianjiang 飛鼠
Nanning 飛鼠
Kuala Lumpur 飛鼠, 蝠鼠
Gan Nanchang 簷老鼠, 蝙蝠
Lichuan 簷老鼠
Pingxiang 簷老鼠
Hakka Meixian 蝠婆仔
Xingning 蝠婆哩
Huidong (Daling) 蚊鼠
Qujiang 飛鼠
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 飛鼠
Changting 調簷老鼠
Pingyu 蝠婆子
Wuping 婢婆子
Liancheng 簷老鼠
Ninghua 簷老鼠
Yudu 琵琶老鼠
Ruijin 簷老鼠
Shicheng 簷老鼠
Shangyou 琵琶老鼠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蝙蝠, 蝠婆, 蝠婆仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蝙蝠, 蝠婆, 蝠婆仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝙蝠, 蝠婆
Dongshi (Dabu) 蝙蝠, 蝠婆
Hsinchu (Raoping) 蝠婆, 蝠婆仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蝠婆
Hong Kong 蝠婆, 蚊鼠
Sabah 蝠婆, 蝠婆仔
Senai 蝠婆
Singkawang 蝠婆
Huizhou Jixi 飛行老鼠, 天行老鼠
Shexian 偷油燕, 偷油老鼠, 陌翼老鼠
Tunxi 拉叭布翼
Jin Taiyuan 夜壁蝠
Xinzhou 夜蝙蝠
Baochang 夜蝙蝠
Jining 夜蝙蝠
Hohhot 夜蝙蝠兒
Baotou 夜蝙蝠
Dongsheng 夜蝙蝠兒
Linhe 夜蝙蝠兒
Haibowan 夜蝙蝠兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 比婆, 蝙蝠
Dikou 比婆
Zhenqian 屄婆
Shibei 碑婆
Min Dong Fuzhou 琵琶兜壁, 蝙蝠, 野燕
Fuqing 蝙蝠
Min Nan Xiamen 密婆, 日婆, 夜婆
Quanzhou 日婆
Zhangzhou 密婆
Taipei 日婆, 夜婆, 密婆
Kaohsiung 夜婆仔, 密婆
Tainan 夜婆, 密婆
Taichung 日婆
Wuqi 夜婆
Hsinchu 夜婆
Taitung 夜婆
Lukang 夜婆
Sanxia 密婆
Yilan 密婆, 夜婆
Kinmen 月婆, 密婆, 夜婆
Magong 蝙蝠, 密婆
Penang 密婆
Singapore 密婆
Pingnan 飛鼠
Chaozhou 密婆
Shantou 蝠婆
Johor Bahru 密婆
Wenchang 飛鼠, 蝠鼠
Haikou 飛鼠, 佛鼠
Leizhou 飛鼠
Puxian Min Putian 老歙
Xianyou 廬鼠婆
Pinghua Nanning 飛鼠
Wu Shanghai 蝙蝠
Suzhou 蝙蝠子
Wuxi 蝙蝠
Hangzhou 蝙蝠, 蝙蝠兒
Wenzhou 皮翼, 老鼠皮翼
Danyang 蝙蝠, 蝙蝠蝠
Jinhua 老鼠皮翼
Ningbo 蝙蝠老鼠, 蝙蝠
Xiang Changsha 簷老鼠
Shuangfeng 簷老鼠
Xiangtan 簷老鼠
Loudi 簷老鼠
Note E - east of Hangu Pass

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (蝙蝠):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

/kapapori//kafabori//kawabori//kaumori//kɔːmori//koːmori/

Alteration of kawahori,[1][2] or kawabori (see below).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 蝙蝠.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana こうもり, katakana コウモリ, rōmaji kōmori, historical hiragana かうもり)

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)
    • 1999 May 25, “バット [Bat]”, in BOOSTER 2, Konami:
       () (ゆう)のハネに (とう) (さい)された (ばく) (だん) ()としてくるメカコウモリ
      Sayū no hane ni tōsai sareta bakudan o otoshite kuru meka-kōmori.
      A mecha-bat that drops bombs from its two wings.
    Synonyms: 蚊食い鳥 (kakuidori), 天鼠 (tenso), バット (batto), 飛鼠 (hiso)
  2. an opportunist
  3. Short for 蝙蝠傘 (kōmori-gasa): a Western-style umbrella
  4. Short for 蝙蝠羽織 (kōmori-baori): a haori with long sleeves similar to the wings of a bat
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

/kapapori//kafafori//kawahori/

First attested in the Honzō Wamyō (918 CE).

Ultimate derivation unclear, appears to be derived from a compound. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 蝙蝠.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [ka̠ɰᵝa̠ho̞ɾʲi]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana かわほり, rōmaji kawahori, historical hiragana かはほり)
(alternative reading hiragana かわぼり, romaji kawabori, historical hiragana かはぼり)

  1. (archaic) a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)
  2. Short for 蝙蝠扇 (kawahori-ōgi): a paper folding fan
  3. Short for 蝙蝠羽織 (kawahori-baori): a haori with long sleeves similar to the wings of a bat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
へん
Hyōgaiji
ふく > ぷく
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蝙蝠 (MC pen pɨuk̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana へんぷく, rōmaji henpuku)

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (pyeonbok) (hangeul 편복)

  1. Hanja form? of 편복 (bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)).

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese 蝙蝠 (kōmori).

Noun[edit]

蝙蝠 (hiragana かーぶやー, romaji kābuyā)

  1. a bat (small flying mammal of order Chiroptera)