-lik

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: lik, lík, and -lık

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch -lijk.

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. Forming adjectives from nouns with the sense of ‘characteristic of, pertaining to’.

Derived terms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Turkish -lik (-ness).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

preceding vowel
A / I E / Ə / İ O / U Ö / Ü
-lıq -lik -luq -lük

-lik

  1. used to derive abstract nouns from adjectives; -ness, -hood, -ship, -dom, -ity
    gözəl (beautiful) + ‎-lik → ‎gözəllik (beauty)
    ölməz (immortal) + ‎-lik → ‎ölməzlik (immortality)
    boş (empty) + ‎-lik → ‎boşluq (emptiness)
  2. used to derive abstract nouns from nouns; -ship
    üzv (member) + ‎-lik → ‎üzvlük (membership)
    dost (friend) + ‎-lik → ‎dostluq (friendship)
  3. used to derive nouns denoting work/jobs from nouns denoting professions
    müəllim (teacher) + ‎-lik → ‎müəllimlik (teaching, the work of a teacher)
    qəssab (butcher) + ‎-lik → ‎qəssablıq (butchery, the trade of a butcher)
  4. used to derive nouns denoting items containing something; -ory
    söz (word) + ‎-lik → ‎sözlük (word-list; dictionary)
    öd (gall) + ‎-lik → ‎ödlük (gall bladder)
    ox (arrow) + ‎-lik → ‎oxluq (quiver)
  5. used to derive nouns denoting places characterized by abundance of something from nouns
    ağac (tree) + ‎-lik → ‎ağaclıq (a treey place, a place with many trees)
    kölgə (shadow) + ‎-lik → ‎kölgəlik (a shady place)
    ilan (snake) + ‎-lik → ‎ilanlıq (a place full of snake)
    bataq (swamp) + ‎-lik → ‎bataqlıq (a swampy place)
    ocaq (hearth) + ‎-lik → ‎ocaqlıq (hearthstead)
  6. used to derive adjectives from nouns; -ly
    ay (month) + ‎-lik → ‎aylıq (monthly)
    torba (bag) + ‎-lik → ‎torbalıq (intended to be used for sewing bags)
    dağ (mountain) + ‎-lik → ‎dağlıq (mountainous)
    beş nəfər (five people) + ‎-lik → ‎beş nəfərlik (intended for five people)
  7. used to derive temporal adverbs from temporal adverbs and nouns; for
    hələ (still) + ‎-lik → ‎hələlik (yet, still, for the time being)
    həmişə (always) + ‎-lik → ‎həmişəlik (for ever, permanently)
    ömür (lifetime) + ‎-lik → ‎ömürlük (for life)
  8. (non-productive) used to derive nouns denoting kinship other than by blood; step-
    ata (father) + ‎-lik → ‎atalıq (stepfather)
    ana (mother) + ‎-lik → ‎analıq (step-mother)
    oğul (son) + ‎-lik → ‎oğulluq (stepson)
    qız (daughter) + ‎-lik → ‎qızlıq (stepdaughter)
    bacı (sister) + ‎-lik → ‎bacılıq (stepsister)
    Synonym: ögey
  9. (non-productive) used to derive nouns denoting clothing items
    baş (head) + ‎-lik → ‎başlıq (bashlyk, hood)
    gəlin (bride) + ‎-lik → ‎gəlinlik (wedding dress)
    bazar (market; Sunday) + ‎-lik → ‎bazarlıq (bride's garments)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From Germanic -līk?”)

Suffix[edit]

-lik (genitive -liku, partitive -likku)

  1. -ly, -ic, -al - forms adjectives from nouns or verbs.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Greenlandic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lik (n-n?, truncative?)

  1. having, provided with, owning

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-l + -ik

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. (frequentative-reflexive verb-forming suffix) Added to a noun or adjective to form a verb.
    fény (light) + ‎-lik → ‎fénylik (to shine)
    kék (blue) + ‎-lik → ‎kéklik (to appear blue)

Usage notes[edit]

The same form is used for both back and front vowel words.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


K'iche'[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. Forms adjectives from verbs
    li’ (to roll out dough)li’lik (flat)
    oq’etaj (to cry for something)oq’talik (cried for)
    muqtajik (to cover)muqtalik (buried)
  2. Forms adjectives from nouns
    jäb (rain)jäbalik (watered)
    kotokik (turn; bend)kotolik (coiled)

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. Alternative form of -ly (adjectival suffix)

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. Alternative form of -ly (adverbial suffix)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the adjective lik (similar).

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. -like, -ish

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـلك(-lik), from Proto-Turkic *-lik

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. -ness
    genç (young) + ‎-lik → ‎gençlik (youngness)
  2. -hood
    anne (mother) + ‎-lik → ‎annelik (motherhood)
  3. -ship
    üye (member) + ‎-lik → ‎üyelik (membership)
  4. ... container
    kalem (pencil) + ‎-lik → ‎kalemlik (pencil case)
  5. -dom
    kral (king) + ‎-lik → ‎krallık (kingdom)
    özgür (free) + ‎-lik → ‎özgürlük (freedom)

Usage notes[edit]

  • It may change to -lık, -luk, -lük depending on the last vowel of the word.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: -λίκι (-líki)

Uzbek[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-lik

  1. -ness
  2. Suffix forming various demonyms.

Derived terms[edit]