singen

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See also: Singen

Cimbrian[edit]

Verb[edit]

singen

  1. to sing

References[edit]

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German singen, from Old High German singan, from Proto-Germanic *singwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈzɪŋən/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋn̩
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

singen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present singt, past tense sang, past participle gesungen, past subjunctive sänge, auxiliary haben)

  1. to sing
    • 1931, Arthur Schnitzler, Flucht in die Finsternis, S. Fischer Verlag, page 38:
      Er ging rasch und sicher, trällerte vor sich hin, endlich begann er sogar zu singen mit einer schönen dunklen Stimme, die ihm selber fremd vorkam.
      He walked fast and firmly, trilled to himself, finally he even started to sing in a beautiful dark voice, which seemed unfamiliar to himself.

Conjugation[edit]

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Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon singan, from Proto-Germanic *singwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷʰ-.

Verb[edit]

singen (past singular sung, past participle sungen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. (Low Saxon) to sing

Conjugation[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch singan, from Proto-Germanic *singwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷʰ-.

Verb[edit]

singen

  1. to sing

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive singen
3rd sg. past sanc
3rd pl. past songen
Past participle gesongen
Infinitive singen
In genitive singens
In dative singene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular singe sanc
2nd singular sincs, singes soncs, songes
3rd singular sinct, singet sanc
1st plural singen songen
2nd plural sinct, singet sonct, songet
3rd plural singen songen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular singe songe
2nd singular sincs, singes songes
3rd singular singe songe
1st plural singen songen
2nd plural sinct, singet songet
3rd plural singen songen
Imperative Present
Singular sinc, singe
Plural sinct, singet
Present Past
Participle singende gesongen

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: zingen
    • Afrikaans: sing
  • Limburgish: zinge

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English singan (to sing), from Proto-Germanic *singwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷʰ-. Cognate with Middle Dutch singen, Middle High German singen, Old Swedish siunga, and Crimean Gothic singhen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

singen

  1. To sing (something); to produce (certain) noises with one's voice:
    1. To produce chants or other sung verse (especially of a religious nature).
      • a. 1380, John Wycliffe, Of feyned contemplatif lif, of song, of þe ordynal of salisbury, & of bodely almes & worldly bysynesse of prestis; hou bi þes foure þe fend lettiþ hem fro prechynge of þe gospel[1]:
        Þan were matynys & masse & euen song, placebo & dirige & comendacion & matynes of oure lady ordeyned of synful men, to be songen wiþ heiȝe criynge to lette men fro þe sentence & vnderstondynge of þat þat was þus songen, & to maken men wery & vndisposid to studie goddis lawe for akyng of hedis []
        Then there were matins, mass, evensong, placebo, dirges, commendations, and matins of Our Lady, which originated from sinful men, to be sung with high-pitched shrieking to keep people from the meaning and understanding of that which was sung, as to make men weary and unsuited to study God's law because of headaches []
    2. To explicate or narrate in song.
    3. To cry in agony; to produce lamentations.
    4. To produce birdsong or a similar noise.
      • a. 1250, unknown, “Sumer is icumen in”‎[2]:
        Lhude sing cuccu / Groweþ sed / and bloweþ med
        Sing loudly, cuckoo! / seed grows / and fields bloom
  2. To talk, recite, or declare (especially in a particular way or manner):
    1. To recite a non-sung prayer or religious commendation.
    2. To perform the Eucharist (in a given way).
    3. To talk about; to explicate or narrate.
    4. (rare) To recite non-sung verse or poetry.
  3. To use or play a musical instrument.
  4. To make the sound of a musical instrument.
  5. To undergo agony or sorrow.
  6. (rare) To make an animal sound.

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Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German singan, from Proto-Germanic *singwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sengʷʰ-.

Verb[edit]

singen

  1. to sing

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]