takana

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See also: täkänä

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The essive singular of taka-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ta‧ka‧na

Adverb[edit]

takana (comparative taempana, superlative taimpana)

  1. (static) behind
    Hän on kaukana takana.
    He is far behind.
  2. (nautical) abaft, astern

Postposition[edit]

takana

  1. (static) behind
    Hän on talon takana.
    He is behind the house.
    Hän menee talon taakse.
    He is going behind the house.
    Hän tulee talon takaa.
    He is coming from behind the house.
    Hän on aivan takanasi
    He is right behind you.
  2. (idiomatic) around
    kulman takana
    around the corner
  3. (nautical) abaft, aft of
    Peräsin on kölin takana.
    The rudder is aft of the keel.
  4. (nautical) astern of
    Miranda on vain puoli meripeninkulmaa Arandan takana.
    Miranda sails only half a sea mile astern of Aranda.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The head word is always in genitive. If the head word is possessive pronoun, takana gets a possessive suffix, even if the possessive pronoun is omitted.

Pekka istuu minun takanani.
Pekka istuu takanani.
Pekka is sitting behind me.

Related terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-takana (infinitive kutakana)

  1. Reciprocal form of -taka

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -takana
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kutakana kutotakana
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative takana takaneni
Habitual hutakana
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilitakana
nalitakana
tulitakana
twalitakana
ulitakana
walitakana
mlitakana
mwalitakana
alitakana walitakana ulitakana ilitakana lilitakana yalitakana kilitakana vilitakana ilitakana zilitakana ulitakana kulitakana palitakana mulitakana
Relative niliotakana
naliotakana
tuliotakana
twaliotakana
uliotakana
waliotakana
mliotakana
mwaliotakana
aliotakana waliotakana uliotakana iliotakana liliotakana yaliotakana kiliotakana viliotakana iliotakana ziliotakana uliotakana kuliotakana paliotakana muliotakana
Negative sikutakana hatukutakana hukutakana hamkutakana hakutakana hawakutakana haukutakana haikutakana halikutakana hayakutakana hakikutakana havikutakana haikutakana hazikutakana haukutakana hakukutakana hapakutakana hamukutakana
Present
Positive ninatakana
natakana
tunatakana unatakana mnatakana anatakana wanatakana unatakana inatakana linatakana yanatakana kinatakana vinatakana inatakana zinatakana unatakana kunatakana panatakana munatakana
Relative ninaotakana
naotakana
tunaotakana unaotakana mnaotakana anaotakana wanaotakana unaotakana inaotakana linaotakana yanaotakana kinaotakana vinaotakana inaotakana zinaotakana unaotakana kunaotakana panaotakana munaotakana
Negative sitakani hatutakani hutakani hamtakani hatakani hawatakani hautakani haitakani halitakani hayatakani hakitakani havitakani haitakani hazitakani hautakani hakutakani hapatakani hamutakani
Future
Positive nitatakana tutatakana utatakana mtatakana atatakana watatakana utatakana itatakana litatakana yatatakana kitatakana vitatakana itatakana zitatakana utatakana kutatakana patatakana mutatakana
Relative nitakaotakana tutakaotakana utakaotakana mtakaotakana atakaotakana watakaotakana utakaotakana itakaotakana litakaotakana yatakaotakana kitakaotakana vitakaotakana itakaotakana zitakaotakana utakaotakana kutakaotakana patakaotakana mutakaotakana
Negative sitatakana hatutatakana hutatakana hamtatakana hatatakana hawatatakana hautatakana haitatakana halitatakana hayatatakana hakitatakana havitatakana haitatakana hazitatakana hautatakana hakutatakana hapatatakana hamutatakana
Subjunctive
Positive nitakane tutakane utakane mtakane atakane watakane utakane itakane litakane yatakane kitakane vitakane itakane zitakane utakane kutakane patakane mutakane
Negative nisitakane tusitakane usitakane msitakane asitakane wasitakane usitakane isitakane lisitakane yasitakane kisitakane visitakane isitakane zisitakane usitakane kusitakane pasitakane musitakane
Present Conditional
Positive ningetakana tungetakana ungetakana mngetakana angetakana wangetakana ungetakana ingetakana lingetakana yangetakana kingetakana vingetakana ingetakana zingetakana ungetakana kungetakana pangetakana mungetakana
Negative nisingetakana
singetakana
tusingetakana
hatungetakana
usingetakana
hungetakana
msingetakana
hamngetakana
asingetakana
hangetakana
wasingetakana
hawangetakana
usingetakana
haungetakana
isingetakana
haingetakana
lisingetakana
halingetakana
yasingetakana
hayangetakana
kisingetakana
hakingetakana
visingetakana
havingetakana
isingetakana
haingetakana
zisingetakana
hazingetakana
usingetakana
haungetakana
kusingetakana
hakungetakana
pasingetakana
hapangetakana
musingetakana
hamungetakana
Past Conditional
Positive ningalitakana tungalitakana ungalitakana mngalitakana angalitakana wangalitakana ungalitakana ingalitakana lingalitakana yangalitakana kingalitakana vingalitakana ingalitakana zingalitakana ungalitakana kungalitakana pangalitakana mungalitakana
Negative nisingalitakana
singalitakana
tusingalitakana
hatungalitakana
usingalitakana
hungalitakana
msingalitakana
hamngalitakana
asingalitakana
hangalitakana
wasingalitakana
hawangalitakana
usingalitakana
haungalitakana
isingalitakana
haingalitakana
lisingalitakana
halingalitakana
yasingalitakana
hayangalitakana
kisingalitakana
hakingalitakana
visingalitakana
havingalitakana
isingalitakana
haingalitakana
zisingalitakana
hazingalitakana
usingalitakana
haungalitakana
kusingalitakana
hakungalitakana
pasingalitakana
hapangalitakana
musingalitakana
hamungalitakana
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelitakana tungelitakana ungelitakana mngelitakana angelitakana wangelitakana ungelitakana ingelitakana lingelitakana yangelitakana kingelitakana vingelitakana ingelitakana zingelitakana ungelitakana kungelitakana pangelitakana mungelitakana
General Relative
Positive nitakanao tutakanao utakanao mtakanao atakanao watakanao utakanao itakanao litakanao yatakanao kitakanao vitakanao itakanao zitakanao utakanao kutakanao patakanao mutakanao
Negative nisiotakana tusiotakana usiotakana msiotakana asiotakana wasiotakana usiotakana isiotakana lisiotakana yasiotakana kisiotakana visiotakana isiotakana zisiotakana usiotakana kusiotakana pasiotakana musiotakana
Gnomic
Positive natakana twatakana watakana mwatakana atakana watakana watakana yatakana latakana yatakana chatakana vyatakana yatakana zatakana watakana kwatakana patakana mwatakana
Perfect
Positive nimetakana tumetakana umetakana mmetakana ametakana wametakana umetakana imetakana limetakana yametakana kimetakana vimetakana imetakana zimetakana umetakana kumetakana pametakana mumetakana
"Already"
Positive nimeshatakana tumeshatakana umeshatakana mmeshatakana ameshatakana wameshatakana umeshatakana imeshatakana limeshatakana yameshatakana kimeshatakana vimeshatakana imeshatakana zimeshatakana umeshatakana kumeshatakana pameshatakana mumeshatakana
"Not yet"
Negative sijatakana hatujatakana hujatakana hamjatakana hajatakana hawajatakana haujatakana haijatakana halijatakana hayajatakana hakijatakana havijatakana haijatakana hazijatakana haujatakana hakujatakana hapajatakana hamujatakana
"If/When"
Positive nikitakana tukitakana ukitakana mkitakana akitakana wakitakana ukitakana ikitakana likitakana yakitakana kikitakana vikitakana ikitakana zikitakana ukitakana kukitakana pakitakana mukitakana
"If not"
Negative nisipotakana tusipotakana usipotakana msipotakana asipotakana wasipotakana usipotakana isipotakana lisipotakana yasipotakana kisipotakana visipotakana isipotakana zisipotakana usipotakana kusipotakana pasipotakana musipotakana
Consecutive
Positive nikatakana tukatakana ukatakana mkatakana akatakana wakatakana ukatakana ikatakana likatakana yakatakana kikatakana vikatakana ikatakana zikatakana ukatakana kukatakana pakatakana mukatakana
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.