حق

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See also: حفand خف

Arabic[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ح ق ق (ḥ-q-q). Compare Hebrew חוק (ḥóqq, law), Classical Syriac ܚܘܩܐ (ḥuqqā, rule) Ge'ez ሐቀቀ (ḥäḳäḳä, to fasten), Tigrinya ሓቂ (ḥaqqi, truth). Perhaps related to حَجَّ (ḥajja, to convince with legal arguments; to make the pilgrimage to Mecca) and words corresponding to this root in the other Semitic languages.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَقَّ (ḥaqqa) I, non-past يَحِقُّ or يَحُقُّ‎ (yaḥiqqu or yaḥuqqu)

  1. to be true, to be confirmed
  2. to be right, to be correct
  3. to be necessary, to be obligatory, to be imperative
  4. to be adequate, to be suitable, to be appropriate, to be fitting
    • Qur'an 16:36
      وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ ٱعْبُدُوٱ ٱللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوٱ الطَّاغُوتَ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ هَدَى اللَّهُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ حَقَّتْ عَلَيْهِ الضَّلَالَةُ فَسِيرُوٱ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَٱنْظُرُوٱ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ
      walaqad baʿaṯnā fī kulli ʾummatin rrasūlan ʾani ʿbudū l-laha wājtanibū ṭ-ṭāḡūta faminhum mman hadā l-lahu waminhum mman ḥaqqat ʿalayhi ḍ-ḍalālatu fasīrū fī l-ʾarḍi fanẓurū kayfa kāna ʿāqibatu l-mukaḏḏibīna
      And we certainly sent into every nation a messenger [saying] “worship God and avoid the idol”. And among them were those whom God guided, and among them were those upon whom error was deservedly enacted. So proceed through the earth and see how was the end of the deniers.
  5. to be due
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَقَّ (ḥaqqa) I, non-past يَحُقُّ‎ (yaḥuqqu)

  1. to ascertain, to make sure
  2. to recognize, to identify
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

حُقَّ (ḥuqqa) I, non-past يُحَقُّ‎ (yuḥaqqu) (passive)

  1. to be necessary, to be obligatory, to be imperative
  2. to be adequate, to be suitable, to be appropriate, to be fitting
  3. to be due
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَقّ (ḥaqqm (plural حُقُوق (ḥuqūq))

  1. verbal noun of حُقَّ (ḥuqqa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of حَقَّ (ḥaqqa) (form I)
  3. equity
  4. truth
  5. correctness, right
  6. rightful possession, property
  7. right
  8. proper manner
  9. reality
  10. (in the plural, law) rights, claims, legal claims
    الْحُقُوق (al-ḥuqūq)law, jurisprudence
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

حَقّ (ḥaqq)

  1. true, authentic, real
  2. right, fair and reasonable
  3. valid, sound, correct
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُقّ (ḥuqqm

  1. hollow, cavity
  2. (anatomy) socket of a joint
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُقّ (ḥuqqf pl

  1. plural of حُقَّة (ḥuqqa)

Related terms[edit]


Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic حَقّ (ḥaqq); from the root ح ق ق (ḥ-q-q), “to be true” or “to be necessary” or “to be fitted”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَقّ (ḥaggm (plural حُقوق ‎(ḥugūg))

  1. equity
  2. right
  3. rightful possession, property
  4. claim, legal claim

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ح ق ق (ḥ-q-q), “to be true” or “to be necessary” or “to be fitted”.

Pronunciation[edit]

preposition[edit]

حق (ḥagg)

  1. belonging to.
    هذا الكتاب حق بدر
    hāda alkitāb ḥagg badir
    this book belongs to badir
Inflection[edit]
Inflected Forms
Personal pronouns Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
First person حَقّي (ḥaggi) حَقَّنا (ḥaggana)
Second person حَقَّك (ḥaggak) حَقِّك (ḥaggik) حَقَّكُم (ḥaggakum)
Third person حَقُّه (ḥaggu) حَقَّها (ḥaggaha) حَقَّهُم (ḥaggahum)

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
حق
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

  • حقّ (haqq) — with a tashdid.

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حَقّ (ḥaqq).

Noun[edit]

حق (haqq) (plural حقوق)

  1. truth
  2. right
  3. reality

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian حق (haq), from Arabic حَقّ (ḥaqq).

Noun[edit]

حق (haqm (Hindi spelling हक़)

  1. truth
  2. right

Declension[edit]

Declension of حق
singular plural
direct حق (haq) حق (haq)
oblique حق (haq) حقوں (haqõ)
vocative حق (haq) حقو (haqo)

Synonyms[edit]