瑪瑙

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See also: 玛瑙

Chinese[edit]

trad. (瑪瑙)
simp. (玛瑙)
alternative forms 碼瑙码瑙
馬瑙马瑙
馬腦马脑

Etymology[edit]

From earlier 馬腦 (mǎnǎo, “horse's brain”), a calque of Sanskrit अश्मगर्भ (aśmagarbha, emerald [horse + kernel]).

Compare Tibetan རྟ་ཀླད (rta klad, agate [horse + brain]), said to be a Chinese calque, which is later semantically regularised into རྡོ་ཀླད (rdo klad, agate [stone + brain]).

Pronunciation[edit]



Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 8720 9372
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːʔ/ /*nuːʔ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

瑪瑙

  1. (mineralogy) agate

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (瑪瑙):
  • Japanese: 瑪瑙 (めのう) (menō)
  • Korean: 마노 (瑪瑙, mano)
  • Vietnamese: mã não (瑪瑙)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
のう
Hyōgaiji
goon
Alternative spelling 馬瑙

Etymology[edit]

/menau//menɔː//menoː/

First attested in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE).[1]

From Middle Chinese 瑪瑙 (MC *mˠaX nɑuX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

瑪瑙 (hiragana めのう, katakana メノウ, rōmaji menō, historical hiragana めなう, historical katakana メナウ)

  1. (mineralogy) an agate

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

瑪瑙 (hiragana めのう, rōmaji Menō, historical hiragana めなう)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

瑪瑙 (mano) (hangeul 마노)

  1. Hanja form? of 마노 (agate).

Vietnamese[edit]

Noun[edit]

瑪瑙

  1. Hán tự form of mã não (agate).