瑪瑙

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See also: 玛瑙

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (瑪瑙)
simp. (玛瑙)

Etymology[edit]

From earlier 馬腦 (mǎnǎo, “horse's brain”), a literal translation of Sanskrit अश्मगर्भ (aśmagarbha, emerald [horse + kernel]) (transcription: 阿濕嚩揭波).

Compare Tibetan རྟ་ཀླད (rta klad, agate [horse + brain]), said to be a Chinese calque, which is later semantically regularised into རྡོ་ཀླད (rdo klad, agate [stone + brain]).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

瑪瑙

  1. (mineralogy) agate

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
のう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

瑪瑙 (hiragana めのう, rōmaji menō, historical hiragana めなう)

  1. (mineralogy) agate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9