Appendix:Japanese film credit terms

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This page is a glossary of Japanese film credit terms translated into English. Translation of credits requires knowledge of the terminology used by both the American and Japanese film industries, including live action and anime. This article provides an easy translation guide.


Terms are listed alphabetically according to romanization.

Japanese Rōmaji English Notes
アフレコ afureko voice/dialogue recording from "after recording"
アニメーション animēshon animation
アニメーション監督 animēshon kantoku animation director
アニメーション協力 animēshon kyōryoku animation assistance / co-operation
アニメーション制作 animēshon seisaku animation production
アニメーション制作協力 animēshon seisaku kyōryoku animation production cooperation Normally by studios that have work outsourced to them by the main animation production company (アニメーション制作 (animēshon seisaku)).
アニメーター animētā animator
アシスタント ashisutanto assistant Can be used after any credit term
アソシエイトプロデューサー asoshieito purodyūsā associate producer
アテレコ atereko ADR/revoicing from 声をあてる (koe o ateru, to apply a voice)
番組担当 bangumi tantō program manager
美術監督 bijutsu kantoku background art director Pertaining to the backgrounds.
美術設定 bijutsu settei background artists Refers to the major backgrounds; usually used for individual artists.
部長 buchō chief director
文芸担当 bungei tantō script manager
チーフディレクター chīfu direkutā chief director
チーフプロデューサー chīfu purodyūsā chief producer
著作 chosaku publication, author, copyright
ダビング dabingu dubbing/sound mixing mixing dialogue/ADR, sound effects and music (with original production sound, where applicable) to produce the finished soundtrack.
デジタル合成 dejitaru gōsei digital composition
ディレクター direkutā director
動画 dōga in-between animation
動画チェック dōga chekku in-between animation director Checks the in-between animation drawings. Also credited as 動画検査 (dōga kensa) or in-between animation inspection.
エンディングテーマ endingu tēma ending theme The ending theme for the television production.
エグゼクティブプロダクション eguzekutibu purodakushon executive production
エグゼクティブプロデューサー eguzekutibu purodyūsā executive producer
絵コンテ ekonte storyboards Literally "picture continuity".
演出 enshutsu animation director/episode direction/overview/direction/technical director Literally "production (e.g. play) / direction".
演出補佐 enshutsu hosa assistant episode direction/assistant direction/assistant technical director
演奏 ensō musical performance/performed by
フィルム firumu film
副監督 fukukantoku assistant director 助監督 (jokantoku) is also used for "assistant director"
原案 gen'an creator
original plan
原案協力 gen'an kyōryoku original plan assistance
原画 genga key animation Literally "original picture".
原作 gensaku original work
現像 genzō film developer
販売 hanbai marketing
背景 haikei backgrounds
Usually used for studios or groups that produced the backgrounds, sets, or scenery.
配給 haikyū distribution The company that distributed the film.
編曲 henkyoku arrangement (music)
編集 henshū editor
翻訳 hon'yaku translation
衣装デザイナー ishō dezainā costume designer
色指定 iro shitei Colour coordination Determines the color scheme of the anime in general. Generally come from the shiage (仕上げ) department.
監修 kanshū supervision
監督 kantoku director ディレクター (direkutā) is also used.
火薬技師 kayaku gishi gunpowder technician
企画 kikaku planning Usually called "development" in western production
企画協力 kikaku kyōryoku planning coordinator
記録 kiroku recorder
production diary/journal
script supervisor
小道具 kodōgu props
stage properties
広報 kōhō publicity
public relations
公開 kōkaibi release date
構成 kōsei organization (as in "series organization")
脚本 kyakuhon script
脚本家 kyakuhonka screenwriter
キャメラマン kyameraman cameraman
キャラクターデザイン kyarakutā dezain character design
キャスティング kyasutingu casting
協力 kyōryoku coordination
メカニックデザイン mekanikku dezain mechanical design Usually shortened to メカデザイン (mekadezain, mecha design). This mostly refers to the design of robots.
ミキサー mikisā mixer
大道具 ōdōgu stage setting
音楽 ongaku music
mostly refers to "music"
音楽監督 ongaku kantoku music director
音響 onkyō sound
音響監督 onkyō kantoku sound director / audio director
音楽製作 ongaku seisaku music production
音楽協力 ongaku kyōryōku music co-production / music cooperation
音響効果 onkyō kōka sound effects
音響プロデューサー onkyō purodyūsā sound producer
音響制作 onkyō seisaku sound work
オープニングテーマ ōpuningu tēma opening theme The opening theme for the television production.
プロデューサー purodyūsā producer
プレスコ puresuko pre-recording from "pre-scoring"
ラインプロデューサー rainpurodyūsā line producer
ライティングディレクター raitingu direkutā writing director
連絡デスク renraku desuku communications desk
response desk
録音 rokuon audio recording
録音演出 rokuon enshutsu sound director/sound production/audio director/audio production/recording director/recording production
作画 sakuga animation
key animation
作画監督 sakuga kantoku animation supervisor
key animation director
Literally "drawings supervisor". Checks the key animation and drawings and also ensures faces are drawn according to the character design. As such many character designers often double up as 総作画監督 (sō sakuga kantoku, chief animation supervisor) who checks the drawings, especially the character drawings.
作詞 sakushi lyrics (music)
作曲 sakkyoku composer (music)
撮影 satsuei photography
This role type differs greatly between live action and anime productions. In live action, satsuei refers to controlling the camera movement, lighting, framing and other aspects of the shooting process.

In animation, satsuei refers to combining all the different visual elements together; this includes key animation, backgrounds, 3D objects and digital effects. In general, this role should be referred to as compositing when writing about animation, to avoid confusing it for traditional film cinematography.

撮影技師 satsuei gishi camera operator
撮影監督 satsuei kantoku director of photography (DoP, DP)
camera director
compositing director
撮影制作 satsuei seisaku photography work
camera operator
宣伝 senden promotion/marketing
選曲 senkyoku theme song/music selection
製作 seisaku production
executive production
executive producer
in association with
制作 seisaku production
制作事務 seisaku jimu production office work
制作管理 seisaku kanri production manager
制作進行 seisaku shinkō production assistant
製作担当 seisaku tantō executive producer/production manager
仕上 shiage Coloring
finish animation
touch-up animation
ink & paint
The people who do the clean-up work to make sure the animation cels look good. They also add color to the animation (using computers).
色彩設計 shikisai sekkei colour design
照明 shōmei lighting
照明技師 shōmei gishi lighting technician
照明監督 shōmei kantoku lighting director
chief… This can appear before any title. It can also mean general. チーフ (chīfu) is also used.
挿入歌 sōnyūka insert song song used during the movie, usually in the background (i.e., in a cafe)
作画監督 sōsakuga kantoku chief animation director
主題歌 shudaika theme song
スチール suchīru still photography
タイトル taitoru titles/titling The credits.
提供 teikyō sponsor
テクニカルディレクター tekunikaru direkutā technical director
テーマソング tēma songu theme song The theme song for the television production.
特殊効果 tokushu kōka special effects
; ; うた uta song/sung by/performance/vocal usually refers to who is singing the song
ゼネラルマネージャー zeneraru manējā general manager