- 1 English
- 2 Danish
- 3 Portuguese
- 4 Spanish
1620, from French dialectal (Norman) funquer, funquier (“to smoke, reek”), from Old Northern French fungier (“to smoke”), from Vulgar Latin fūmicāre, alteration of Latin fūmigāre (“to smoke, fumigate”). Related to French dialect funkière (“smoke”). More at fumigate.
- (countable) Foul or unpleasant smell, especially body odor.
- 1982, Rod Temperton (lyrics), Quincy Jones (music), “Thriller”, in Thriller, Epic Records, performed by Michael Jackson (featuring Vincent Price):
- The foulest stench is in the air; the funk of 40,000 years and grizzly ghouls from every tomb are closing in to seal your doom.
- (uncountable) A style of music derived from 1960s soul music, with elements of rock and other styles, characterized by a prominent bass guitar, dance-friendly sound, a strong emphasis on the one, and much syncopation.
- (intransitive) To emit an offensive smell; to stink.
- (transitive) To envelop with an offensive smell or smoke.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of King to this entry?)
From Middle English funke, fonke (“spark”), from Old English *funca, *fanca (“spark”), from Proto-Germanic *funkô, *fankô (“spark”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peng-, *(s)pheng- (“to shine”). Cognate with Middle Low German funke, fanke (“spark”), Middle Dutch vonke (“spark”), Old High German funcho, funko (“spark”), German Funke (“spark”). More at spunk.
funk (plural funks)
1743, Scottish and Northern English dialectal word, originally a verb meaning "to panic, fail due to panic". Perhaps from or cognate with obsolete Dutch fonck (“distress, agitation”), from Middle Dutch fonck (“perturbation, agitation”). More at flunk.
- (countable) Mental depression.
- (uncountable) A state of fear or panic, especially cowardly.
- Bob Cooney, Proud Journey
- As I left the platform, the atmosphere was tense but there was no sign of uneasiness or funk […]
- (countable) One who fears or panics; a coward.
- (transitive, intransitive) To shrink from, or avoid something because of fear.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Kingsley to this entry?)
- (transitive) To frighten; to cause to flinch.
funk c (singular definite funken, not used in plural form)
- imperative of
funk m (uncountable)
- (Brazil, music) funk (a genre of popular music derived from soul music)
- (Brazil, music) funk carioca (Brazilian music genre derived from Miami bass)
funk m (plural funks)
funk m (uncountable)