funk

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See also: Funk

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English funke, fonke (spark), from Old English *funca, *fanca (spark), from Proto-Germanic *funkô, *fankô (spark), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peng-, *(s)pheng- (to shine). Cognate with Middle Low German funke, fanke (spark), Middle Dutch vonke (spark), Old High German funcho, funko (spark), German Funke (spark). More at spunk.

Noun[edit]

funk (plural funks)

  1. (obsolete) Spark.
  2. (obsolete) Touchwood, punk, tinder.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

1743, Scottish and Northern English dialectal word, originally a verb meaning "to panic, fail due to panic". Perhaps from or cognate with obsolete Dutch fonck (distress, agitation), from Middle Dutch fonck (perturbation, agitation). More at flunk.

Noun[edit]

funk (countable and uncountable, plural funks)

  1. (countable) Mental depression.
  2. (uncountable) A state of fear or panic, especially cowardly.
    • Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
      [The helmsman] steered with no end of a swagger while you were by; but if he lost sight of you, he became instantly the prey of an abject funk []
    • Bob Cooney, Proud Journey
      As I left the platform, the atmosphere was tense but there was no sign of uneasiness or funk []
  3. (countable) One who fears or panics; a coward.
  4. An archaic genre of music pioneered by James Brown that is a danceable upheaval of R&B and jazz music, originally built using emphasis on the first note.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

funk (third-person singular simple present funks, present participle funking, simple past and past participle funked)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To shrink from, or avoid something because of fear.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Kingsley to this entry?)
  2. (transitive) To frighten; to cause to flinch.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

1620, from French dialectal (Norman) funquer, funquier (to smoke, reek), from Old Northern French fungier (to smoke), from Vulgar Latin fūmicāre, alteration of Latin fūmigāre (to smoke, fumigate). Related to French dialect funkière (smoke). More at fumigate.

Noun[edit]

funk (countable and uncountable, plural funks)

  1. (countable) Foul or unpleasant smell, especially body odour.
  2. (uncountable) A style of music derived from 1960s soul music, with elements of rock and other styles, characterized by a prominent bass guitar, dance-friendly sound, a strong emphasis on the one, and much syncopation.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

funk (third-person singular simple present funks, present participle funking, simple past and past participle funked)

  1. (intransitive) To emit an offensive smell; to stink.
  2. (transitive) To envelop with an offensive smell or smoke.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of King to this entry?)

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

From English funk. Attested since 1977.

Noun[edit]

funk c (singular definite funken, not used in plural form)

  1. (music) funk
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See funke.

Verb[edit]

funk

  1. imperative of funke

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

funk m (uncountable)

  1. (Brazil, music) funk (a genre of popular music derived from soul music)
  2. (Brazil, music) funk carioca (Brazilian music genre derived from Miami bass)

Noun[edit]

funk m (plural funks)

  1. (Brazil, music) a particular song or composition of funk carioca

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From English funk.

Noun[edit]

funk m (uncountable)

  1. (music) funk