mara

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See also: Mara, mära, and Māra

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Old Norse mara, from Proto-Germanic *marǭ, cognate with Old English mare or mære.

Noun[edit]

mara (plural maras)

  1. (folklore) A nightmare; a spectre or wraith-like creature in Germanic and particularly Scandinavian folklore; a female demon who torments people in sleep by crouching on their chests or stomachs, or by causing terrifying visions.
    • 1996, Catharina Raudvere, "Now you see her, now you don't: some notes on the conception of female shape-shifters in Scandinavian traditions", pages 41-55 in Sandra Billington & Miranda Green (editors) The Concept of the Goddess
      The corpus of related texts tells us that within rural society it was not improbable for your neighbour's envy of your fine cattle to take the form of a mara.
Translations[edit]
External links[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit मार (māra).

Noun[edit]

mara (plural maras)

  1. (Buddhism) A malicious or evil spirit.
    • 2002, Sarvananda Bluestone, The World Dream Book, page 73
      The mara is the spirit that causes illness, accidents, and mishaps. The only protection against it is another mara who befriends a person or a group. A mara who becomes friendly is called a gunik. This transformation occurs when a mara comes to a person in a dream and states a desire to be friendly. But there are deceitful maras who pretend to be friendly, yet will betray the person who trusts them.
Translations[edit]
External links[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From New World Spanish mará.

Noun[edit]

mara (plural maras)

  1. Any caviid rodent of genus Dolichotis, common in the Patagonian steppes of Argentina.
    • 1999, Mara, entry in Michael A. Mares (editor), Encyclopedia of Deserts, page 349,
      Maras have a white patch of fur on the rump that they flash when running, an adaptation they share with several species of deer and antelopes.
    • 2011, Terry A. Vaughan, ‎James M. Ryan, & ‎Nicholas J. Czaplewski, Mammalogy, 5th edition, page 228,
      Although only Dolichotis, the Patagonian mara, is strongly cursorial, all caviids have certain features typical of cursorial mammals [] .
    • 2013, R. L. Honeycutt, Chapter 3: Phylogenetics of Caviomorph Rodents and Genetic Perspectives on the Evolution of Sociality and Mating Systems in the Caviidae, José Roberto Moreira, Katia Maria P.M.B. Ferraz, Emilio A. Herrera, David W. Macdonald (editors), Capybara: Biology, Use and Conservation of an Exceptional Neotropical Species, page 70,
      Maras (Dolichotis patagonum) are cursorial and prefer open areas with low vegetation for breeding and more barren sites for construction of communal dens (Taber and Macdonald 1992; Baldi 2007).
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
External links[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Baagandji[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. hand

Dieri[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. hand

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. (folklore) A demon in Finnish folklore, similar to nightmare.
Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. Mara, any member of the Dolichotis family of hare-like rodents.

Gamilaraay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central New South Wales *mara, from Proto-Pama-Nyungan *mara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. hand
  2. finger

Quotations[edit]

  • 1856, William Ridley, On the Kamilaroi Tribe of Australians and Their Dialect, in Journal of the Ethnological Society of London, vol. 4
    Hand . . . mārā
    Fingers . . mŭrră.
  • 1856, William Ridley, gurre kamilaroi, or Kamilaroi Sayings
    immanuel murra kawāni miedul, goe, “miēdūl waria.”
    Immanuel by hand took the girl, said “damsel arise”.
  • 1873, William Ridley, Australian Languages and Traditions, in The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, vol. 2
    Hand|murra
  • 1903, R. H. Mathews, Languages of the Kamilaroi and Other Aboriginal Tribes of New South Wales, in The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, vol. 33
    Hand .... ....|murra

References[edit]

  • Alpher, Barry. 2004. "Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma." Claire Bowern, Harold Koch (eds.) Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Austin, Peter. 1993. A Reference Dictionary of Gamilaraay, northern New South Wales.

Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. danger

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara f

  1. genitive singular of muir
  2. plural form of muir

Conjunction[edit]

mara

  1. (Cois Fharraige) Alternative form of mura.

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
mara mhara unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

mara

  1. rōmaji reading of まら

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic امرأة (ʾimraʾa), Dialectal Arabic مرة (mara).

Noun[edit]

mara f (plural nisa)

  1. woman

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. rabbit
  2. hare

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Martuthunira[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ngayarda *mara, from Proto-Pama-Nyungan *mara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. hand

References[edit]

  • Alpher, Barry. 2004. "Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma." Claire Bowern, Harold Koch (eds.) Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Dench, Alan Charles. 1995. Martuthunira: A Language of the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. Series C-125.

Nyunga[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. (northern dialect) hand

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *maizô. Compare Old Frisian māra (West Frisian mear), Old Saxon mēro (Low German mehr), Dutch meer, Old High German mēro (German mehr), Old Norse meiri (Danish mere, Swedish mera), Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌶𐌰 (maiza).

Adjective[edit]

māra

  1. more

Descendants[edit]


Panyjima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ngayarda *mara, from Proto-Pama-Nyungan *mara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. hand

References[edit]

  • Alpher, Barry. 2004. "Proto-Pama-Nyungan etyma." Claire Bowern, Harold Koch (eds.) Australian Languages: Classification and the Comparative Method. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Dench, Alan. 1991. ‘Panyjima’. R.M.W. Dixon, Barry J. Blake (eds.) The Handbook of Australian Languages, Volume 4. Melbourne: Oxford University Press Australia, 125–244.

Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara f

  1. (literary) dream, nightmare
  2. (from Slavic mythology) creature drinking blood of sleeping people; wight. See: zmora

Declension[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara f

  1. genitive singular of muir

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From marabunta

Noun[edit]

mara f (plural maras)

  1. (colloquial, El Salvador) people in one's in-group (e.g. at work, at school, in one's soccer team, who may or may not be friends)
    Cariño, hoy en la noche saldré con la mara de la empresa - Honey, today at night I'll go out with the people from the company
  2. (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico) criminal gang
    A mediados de 2012, se acordó una tregua entre las maras salvadoreñas y el gobierno local. - In mid-2012, a truce was concerted between the Salvadoran gangs and the local government.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara (n class, plural mara)

  1. time (used to form adverbial numbers, as in "one time" (i.e. once))

Usage notes[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse mara, from Proto-Germanic *marǭ; cognate to Old English mare or mære.

Noun[edit]

mara c

  1. a mythological creature blamed for giving people nightmares
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of maraton.

Noun[edit]

mara c

  1. short for maratonlopp; a marathon race
Declension[edit]

Wangaaybuwan-Ngiyambaa[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. hand

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

mara

  1. nasal mutation of bara (bread)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bara fara mara unchanged