From Middle English skemen, skymen, variants of scumen, from Old French escumer (“to remove scum”), from escume (“froth, foam”), from Frankish *skūm (“froth, foam”), from Proto-Germanic *skūmaz (“foam”), from Proto-Indo-European *skew- (“to cover, conceal”). See scum.
- (intransitive) To pass lightly; to glide along in an even, smooth course; to glide along near the surface.
- (transitive) To pass near the surface of; to brush the surface of; to glide swiftly along the surface of.
- 1817, William Hazlitt, The Round Table:
- Homer describes Mercury as flinging himself from the top of Olympus, and skimming the surface of the ocean.
- To hasten along with superficial attention.
- To put on a finishing coat of plaster.
- (transitive) To throw an object so it bounces on water.
- skimming stones
- (intransitive) To ricochet.
- (transitive) To read quickly, skipping some detail.
- I skimmed the newspaper over breakfast.
- (transitive) To scrape off; to remove (something) from a surface
- (transitive) To clear (a liquid) from scum or substance floating or lying on it, by means of a utensil that passes just beneath the surface.
- to skim milk
- to skim broth
- (transitive) To clear a liquid from (scum or substance floating or lying on it), especially the cream that floats on top of fresh milk.
- to skim cream
- To steal money from a business before the transaction has been recorded, thus avoiding detection.
- 2006, Herbert Snyder, Small Change, Big Problems, page 48:
- Obviously, the longer cash sits around before being recorded, the more likely it is that a skimming fraud will occur.
- 2009, Tracy L. Coenen, Expert Fraud Investigation: A Step-by-Step Guide, page 109:
- […] take this money without entering anything into the record-keeping system, thereby accomplishing a theft by skimming.
- To surreptitiously scan a payment card in order to obtain its information for fraudulent purposes.
- (intransitive) To become coated over.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
skim (not comparable)
- A cursory reading, skipping the details.
- 2012, John Friend, Allen Hickling, Planning Under Pressure, page xxii:
- For a first quick appreciation of the approach, we recommend a fast reading of Chapter 1, then a skim through the figures of the next two chapters — glancing at the definitions of key concepts that appear below the figures in Chapters 2 and 3.
- (informal) Skim milk.
- 2010, Gary G. Kindley, Growing Older Without Fear: The Nine Qualities of Successful Aging:
- Two percent milk has only a fraction less fat than whole milk, so unless you are feeding a child or someone whose diet requires whole milk, skim is best.
- The act of skimming.
- 1969, Newsweek, volume 74, page 75:
- Then you could jump 150 years and enjoy a skim across the Solent in Britain's remarkable Hovercraft.
- That which is skimmed off.
- Theft of money from a business before the transaction has been recorded, thus avoiding detection.
- 1989, United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee, Waste, Fraud, and Abuse at Federally Funded Wastewater Treatment Construction Projects, volume 4:
- This potential is further increased by the ease of passing on the costs of corruption and racketeering to consumers; a skim of only one percent of a construction project can amount to hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars.
- → Indonesian: skim
skim (plural skimme)
From English skim, from Middle English skemen, skymen, variants of scumen, from Old French escumer (“to remove scum”), from escume (“froth, foam”), from Frankish *skūm (“froth, foam”), from Proto-Germanic *skūmaz (“foam”), from Proto-Indo-European *skew- (“to cover, conceal”).
- skim milk: non-fat milk; milk that has had the cream removed.
- skema (Indonesia)