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U+63E1, 握
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63E1

[U+63E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63E2]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 64, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 手尸一土 (QSMG), four-corner 57014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 443, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12366
  • Dae Jaweon: page 794, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1925, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+63E1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qroːɡ): semantic (han) + phonetic (OC *qoːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • ak - literary;
  • ok - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uo⁵¹/
    Harbin /uo⁵³/
    Tianjin /uo⁵³/
    Jinan /və²¹³/
    Qingdao /və⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /uo²⁴/
    Xi'an /nyo²¹/
    Xining /u⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /və¹³/
    Lanzhou /və¹³/
    Ürümqi /vɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /uo²¹³/
    Chengdu /o³¹/
    Guiyang /o²¹/
    Kunming /u³¹/
    Nanjing /uʔ⁵/
    Hefei /uɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /vaʔ²/
    Pingyao /uʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /vaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /oʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /oʔ⁵/
    /o⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔoʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /v̠u²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /uʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /u⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋo²⁴/
    Xiangtan /o²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /vok̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ɐk̚⁵/
    /ak̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ɐk̚⁵/
    /ak̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ak̚³²/
    /ɔk̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ouʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ok̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ok̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (10)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠʌk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚɔk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɔk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɔk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɔk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɔk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yue
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ok3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13066
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qroːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to hold in the hand; to grip; to grasp
    2. to control
    3. Classifier for a handful of something.
    4. Used in 握齪握龊 (wòchuò).

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to hold in the hand): (niē)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. grip

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Sino-Japanese.

    Affix[edit]

    (あく) (aku

    1. grip; hold
      (あく)(しゅ)akushuhandshake
      (あく)(りょく)akuryokugrip strength
      ()(あく)haakucontrol; grasp (understanding)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠʌk̚).

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (jwil ak))

    1. Hanja form? of (to grasp; to hold fast; to take by hand).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: ác ((ất)(giác)(thiết))[1][2], ốc ((ất)(giốc)(thiết))[2][3]
    : Nôm readings: ác[1], át[2], ấc, ốt

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]