responder

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

respond +‎ -er.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

responder (plural responders)

  1. One who responds.
    • 2014, Geoffrey N. Leech, The Pragmatics of Politeness, page 31:
      As Levinson (1983: 334) points out, signs of dispreference in turn taking include: (a) Delays: notably a pause, or a time gap, before the responder replies to the preceding turn []
  2. A person who responds to an emergency situation or other summons.
    911 responders arrived at the scene within five minutes after the call.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin respondēre, present active infinitive of respondeō.

Verb[edit]

responder

  1. (transitive) to respond

References[edit]

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin respondēre, likely via Late Latin respondere.[1]

Verb[edit]

responder

  1. respond

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buchi, Éva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (2008-), “*/resˈpɔnd-e-/”, in Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman, Nancy: Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française.

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese responder, from Latin respondēre (likely via Late Latin respondere).[1]

Verb[edit]

responder (first-person singular present respondo, first-person singular preterite respondín, past participle respondido)
responder (first-person singular present respondo, first-person singular preterite respondim or respondi, past participle respondido, reintegrationist norm)

  1. to answer, to reply

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buchi, Éva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (2008-), “*/resˈpɔnd-e-/”, in Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman, Nancy: Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française.

Interlingua[edit]

Verb[edit]

responder

  1. to answer

Conjugation[edit]

Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin respondēre (likely via Late Latin respondĕre).[1]

Verb[edit]

responder (first-person singular present respondo, first-person singular preterite respuse, past participle respuso)

  1. to reply, to answer
    • c. 1280, Alfonso X, General Estoria, tercera parte, (published by Pedro Sánchez-Prieto Borja and Bautista Horcajada Diezma, 1994, Madrid: Gredos, page 344):
      [] e si respuende que non quier con el morar & que quiere maldizer el nonbre de Jhesu Cristo e lo quiere traer a la su carrera mala e a otro pecado mortal, dara la Iglesia a este otro licençia que case.
      [in the context of a man converted from Judaism to Christianity, regarding his Jewish wife] [] and if she replies that she doesn't want to live with him anymore, and that she's willing to curse the name of Jesus Christ and take him [back] to her bad ways or some other mortal sin, the Church shall give him a licence to marry [again].
    • c. 1275, Alfonso X, General Estoria, primera parte, (published by Pedro Sánchez Prieto-Borja, 2002, Alcalá de Henares: Universidad de Alcalá de Henares):
      E respusol ella: - Beve, mio señor, cuanto quisieres.
      And she replied to him, "Drink, milord, as much as you want."

Usage notes[edit]

In stem-stressed forms, the present is attested with diphthongization, respuendo, but is very rare. Same is true of the past participle repuso.

Descendants[edit]

  • Spanish: responder

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buchi, Éva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (2008-), “*/resˈpɔnd-e-/”, in Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman, Nancy: Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese responder, from Latin respondēre (answer) (likely via Late Latin respondere),[1] from re- + spondeō (promise).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
 

  • Hyphenation: res‧pon‧der

Verb[edit]

responder (first-person singular present respondo, first-person singular preterite respondi, past participle respondido)

  1. to answer; to reply (to give a written or spoken response)
    Synonyms: replicar, retorquir, retrucar
    Antonym: calar
  2. (intransitive) to retort frequently
    Synonym: retrucar
  3. to correspond to (to be equivalent to)
    Synonyms: corresponder, equivaler
  4. to counterattack
    Synonyms: contratacar, reagir, revidar
  5. (intransitive) to be responsible (for something)
  6. (law, intransitive) to be a defendant

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buchi, Éva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (2008-), “*/resˈpɔnd-e-/”, in Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman, Nancy: Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Spanish responder, inherited from Latin respondēre (likely via Late Latin respondĕre).[1] The original past participle was respuso or repuso in Old Spanish.[2] The expected diphthongization of stressed Latin /ŏ/ is found in Asturian responder (that is, respuendo) and sporadically in Old Spanish as well.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /responˈdeɾ/ [res.põn̪ˈd̪eɾ]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -eɾ
  • Syllabification: res‧pon‧der

Verb[edit]

responder (first-person singular present respondo, first-person singular preterite respondí, past participle respondido)

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to answer, to reply
    Synonym: contestar
    responde al nombre dehis/her name is
    Respondí rápido tus preguntas.I answered your questions fast.
    Me gusta que respondas así.I like that you give answers like that.
    Lo siento, no te pude responder la llamada.Sorry, I couldn't answer your (phone) call.
    Respóndele a tu madre, no te quedes callada.Reply to your mother, don't stay silent.
  2. (intransitive, transitive) to talk back, to answer back (to respond defiantly and inappropriately)
    Synonyms: argumentar, rebatir, replicar
    Mira cómo responde la niña de malcriada.Notice how the girl talks back, she's so spoiled.
  3. (intransitive) to respond, to react (to someone else's actions)
    La audiencia respondía bien a sus chistes.The audience was responding well to his jokes.
    Los revolucionarios respondimos con más violencia ante su represión.We the revolutionaries, facing their repression, responded with more violence.
  4. (intransitive) to answer for, to be responsible for, vouch for (with por)
    Synonym: responsabilizarse por
    Necesito un fiador que responda por mí.I need a guarantor to vouch for me.
  5. (intransitive, medicine) to react, to respond (to a treatment, with a)
    El paciente no respondió bien al tratamiento.The patient didn't respond well to the treatment.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buchi, Éva; Schweickard, Wolfgang (2008-), “*/resˈpɔnd-e-/”, in Dictionnaire Étymologique Roman, Nancy: Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française.
  2. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1985), “responder”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), volume IV (Me–Re), Madrid: Gredos, →ISBN, page 887

Further reading[edit]