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Haitian Creole[edit]


From French subir (undergo).



  1. To undergo



From Proto-Indo-European *se- (*reflexive pronoun). Related to Latin se.




  1. the dative of the reflexive pronoun meaning to himself, to herself, to itself, to themselves
    sibi placērīto be pleased with oneself
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.44
      Amicitiam populi Romani sibi ornamento et praesidio, non detrimento esse oportere, atque se hac spe petisse.
      That the friendship of the Roman people ought to prove to him an ornament and a safeguard, not a detriment; and that he sought it with that expectation.
    • c. 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus 63.5
      Phrygium ut nemus citato cupide pede tetigit, adiitque opaca siluis redimita loca deae, stimulatus ibi furenti rabie, uagus animis, deuolsit ili acuto sibi pondera silice, itaque ut relicta sensit sibi membra sine uiro, etiam recente terrae sola sanguine maculans, niueis citata cepit manibus leue typanum [...]
      Attis, when eagerly with speedy foot ey reached the Phrygian woodland, and entered the goddess' abodes, shadowy, forest-crowned; there, goaded by raging madness, bewildered in mind, ey cast down from em with sharp flint-stone the burden of eir member. So when ey felt eir limbs to have lost their manhood, still with fresh blood dabbling the face of the ground, swiftly with snowy bands ey seized the light timbrel [...]


Personal pronoun declension.

Singular First-person Second-person Reflexive
nominative ego/egō
genitive meī tuī suī
dative mihi/mihī, tibi sibi
accusative , sēsē
ablative , sēsē
vocative egō
possessive meus tuus suus
Plural First-person Second-person Reflexive
nominative nōs vōs
genitive nostrī, nostrum vestrī, vestrum suī
dative nōbīs vōbīs sibi
accusative nōs vōs , sēsē
ablative nōbīs vōbīs , sēsē
vocative nōs vōs
possessive noster vester, voster suus


See also[edit]


  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “sibi”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • sibi in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to require, give, take time for deliberation: tempus (spatium) deliberandi or ad deliberandum postulare, dare, sibi sumere
    • (ambiguous) to commit suicide: mortem sibi consciscere
    • (ambiguous) to lay hands on oneself: manus, vim sibi afferre
    • (ambiguous) to poison oneself: veneno sibi mortem consciscere
    • (ambiguous) to leave the question open; to refuse to commit oneself: integrum (causam integram) sibi reservare
    • (ambiguous) to take measures for one's safety; to look after one's own interests: suis rebus or sibi consulere
    • (ambiguous) to find favour with some one; to get into their good graces: benevolentiam, favorem, voluntatem alicuius sibi conciliare or colligere (ex aliqua re)
    • (ambiguous) to court a person's favour; to ingratiate oneself with..: gratiam alicuius sibi quaerere, sequi, more strongly aucupari
    • (ambiguous) to be reconciled; to make up a quarrel: sibi aliquem, alicuius animum reconciliare or reconciliari alicui
    • (ambiguous) to gain dignity; to make oneself a person of consequence: auctoritatem or dignitatem sibi conciliare, parare
    • (ambiguous) to gain distinction: gloriam, famam sibi comparare
    • (ambiguous) to attain eternal renown: immortalitatem consequi, adipisci, sibi parere
    • (ambiguous) to incur ignominy: infamiam concipere, subire, sibi conflare
    • (ambiguous) to indulge oneself: animo or simply sibi indulgere
    • (ambiguous) to form an idea of a thing, imagine, conceive: animo, cogitatione aliquid fingere (or simply fingere, but without sibi), informare
    • (ambiguous) to picture to oneself: cogitatione sibi aliquid depingere
    • (ambiguous) to have a high object in view; to be ambitious: magna sibi proponere or magna spectare
    • (ambiguous) what is the meaning of this: quid hoc sibi vult?
    • (ambiguous) to set up some one as one's ideal, model: sibi exemplum alicuius proponere ad imitandum or simply sibi aliquem ad imitandum proponere
    • (ambiguous) to take a lesson from some one's example: sibi exemplum sumere ex aliquo or exemplum capere de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to contradict oneself, be inconsistent: secum pugnare (without sibi); sibi repugnare (of things)
    • (ambiguous) to contradict oneself, be inconsistent: a se dissidere or sibi non constare (of persons)
    • (ambiguous) to obtain a hearing: audientiam sibi (orationi) facere
    • (ambiguous) to be in a bad temper: sibi displicere (opp. sibi placere)
    • (ambiguous) to be haughty: magnos spiritus sibi sumere (B. G. 1. 33)
    • (ambiguous) to take upon oneself: sibi sumere aliquid (Planc. 1. 3)
    • (ambiguous) to incur a person's hatred: alicuius odium subire, suscipere, in se convertere, sibi conflare
    • (ambiguous) to have self-control; to restrain oneself, master one's inclinations: sibi imperare or continere et coercere se ipsum
    • (ambiguous) to indulge one's caprice: sibi or ingenio suo indulgere (Nep. Chabr. 3)
    • (ambiguous) a good conscience: mens bene sibi conscia
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: animus male sibi conscius
    • (ambiguous) to be conscious of no ill deed: nullius culpae sibi conscium esse
    • (ambiguous) to be consistent: sibi constare, constantem esse
    • (ambiguous) to dress oneself: induere vestem (without sibi)
    • (ambiguous) to betroth oneself, get engaged: sibi (aliquam) despondere (of the man)
    • (ambiguous) to separate from, divorce (of the man): aliquam suas res sibi habere iubere (Phil. 2. 28. 69)
    • (ambiguous) to establish oneself as despot, tyrant by some means: tyrannidem sibi parere aliqua re
    • (ambiguous) to assume a despotic tone: regios spiritus sibi sumere
    • (ambiguous) to make oneself master of a people, country: populum, terram suo imperio, suae potestati subicere (not sibi by itself)




  1. awning; balcony
  2. temporary shed attached to the roof or side of a house
  3. small addition to a house by extending the roof and providing it with light walling



  1. act of pouting or pursing the lips, as of a baby about to cry