helm

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See also: Helm and hełm

English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English helma, from Proto-Germanic *helmô (handle).

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms)

  1. (nautical) The steering apparatus of a ship, especially the tiller or wheel.
  2. (maritime) The member of the crew in charge of steering the boat.
  3. (figuratively) A position of leadership or control.
    the helm of the Commonwealth
    • 2011 January 11, Jonathan Stevenson, “West Ham 2 - 1 Birmingham”, BBC:
      Grant will be desperate to finish the job of getting West Ham to their first Wembley cup final in 30 years when they meet Birmingham in the second leg at St Andrews on 26 January; though arguably of more pressing concern is whether he will still be at the helm for Saturday's Premier League encounter with Arsenal.
  4. One at the place of direction or control; a guide; a director.
    • Shakespeare
      the helms o' the State, who care for you like fathers
  5. (obsolete, UK, dialect) A helve.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

helm (third-person singular simple present helms, present participle helming, simple past and past participle helmed)

  1. To be a helmsman or a member of the helm; to be in charge of steering the boat.
    • Tennyson
      A wild wave [] overbears the bark, / And him that helms it.
  2. (by extension) To lead (a project, etc.).
    • Shakespeare
      the business he hath helmed

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English helm, Proto-Germanic *helmaz (protective covering), probably from Proto-Indo-European *kelmo-s (to cover, to hide); cf. *ḱel- (to hide, protect). Compare West Frisian helm, Dutch helm, Low German Helm, German Helm, Danish hjelm.

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms or helmen)

  1. (archaic) A helmet.
    • Luken sweord longe, leiden o þe helmen. — Layamon's Brut, 1275
    (They drew their swords and put on their helmen.)
    • Þe helm of hel and þe swerd of þe Spirit. — An Apology for Lollard Doctrines, Attributed to Wycliffe, 1475
    • The kynge Ban be-gan to laugh vndir his helme. — Merlin, 1500
    • 1927, Edgar Rice Burrows, The Outlaw of Torn[1], edition HTML, The Gutenberg Project, published 2008:
      "A fearful apparition," murmured Norman of Torn. "No wonder he keeps his helm closed."
  2. A heavy cloud lying on the brow of a mountain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms)

  1. Alternative form of haulm (a straw)

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *hal(i)m, from Proto-Indo-European *sKel- ‘to cut (off)’. Cognate to Old High German scalmo (plague, pestilence), Welsh claf (sick)[1].

Noun[edit]

helm m

  1. poison

References[edit]

  1. ^ Albanische Etymologien (Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz), Bardhyl Demiraj, Leiden Studies in Indo-European 7; Amsterdam - Atlanta 1997, p.198

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *helm, from Proto-Germanic *helmaz. Compare West Frisian helm, Low German Helm, German Helm, Danish hjelm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

helm m (plural helmen, diminutive helmpje n)

  1. helmet

Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

helm

  1. helmet (protective head covering)


This Indonesian entry was created from the translations listed at helmet. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see helm in the Indonesian Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) May 2009


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *helmaz (protective covering), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, to hide). Compare Old Frisian helm, Old Saxon helm, Old High German helm, Old Norse hjalmr, Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌻𐌼𐍃 (hilms).

Noun[edit]

helm m (nominative plural helmas)

  1. helmet, protection, defense, covering, crown
    • Hyrsta scýne, bord and brád swyrd, brúne helmas — Judith (excellent/beautiful gear, shield and broad sword, brown helmen)
  2. summit, top (of trees)
  3. protector, lord

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *helmaz. Compare Old Saxon helm, Old English helm, Old Norse hjalmr, Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌻𐌼𐍃 (hilms).

Noun[edit]

helm m

  1. helmet

Descendants[edit]