Wiktionary:About Danish

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Accessories-text-editor.svg This is a Wiktionary policy, guideline or common practices page. This is a draft proposal. It is unofficial, and it is unknown whether it is widely accepted by Wiktionary editors.
Policies: CFI - ELE - BLOCK - REDIR - BOTS - QUOTE - DELETE - NPOV - AXX

Adjectives[edit]

Adjectives are placed under a L3 Adjective header. The headword and inflections should be displayed using {{da-adj}}. Adjectives are inflected for degree; positive, comparative and superlative. There are three positive forms; common gender singular indefinite (which is the lemma); neuter singular, which is indicated by {{neuter singular of}}, and plural and definite singular attributive form, which is indicated by {{e-form of}}. Comparative inflections should be indicated by {{comparative of}}. Superlative forms are inflected for sentence role, such that adjectives used attributively have an -e appended to the predicative form. Use {{superlative predicative of}} and {{superlative attributive of}}.

NB: An adjective used as an adverb is not an adjective, even an "adverbial" adjective. It's just an adverb, and belongs under an L3 Adverb header.

Nouns[edit]

Indicate a noun with {{da-noun}} (or {{da-noun-pl}} for pluralia tantum) under a L3 Noun header. Nouns are inflected for definiteness and number. Furthermore, Wiktionary currently recognizes "genitive forms", as obtained by appending -s, as separate forms, making a total of eight inflections. These forms are displayed by {{da-decl}} under a L4 Declension header.
Of the time of writing, there is no consensus on how to handle declensions of nouns modified by adjectives, such as kunstig intelligens. One suggestion is to use {{da-adj-noun-infl}}.

Verbs[edit]

A verb has up to nine forms. {{da-verb}}, the appropriate headword-line template, displays five: infinitive (lemma), imperative ({{imperative of}}), present ({{present of}}), past ({{past tense of}}) and past participle ({{past participle of}}), as well as the present tense of the auxiliary verb. Under a L4 Conjugation header, four more forms are displayed using {{da-conj}}: present participle ({{present participle of}}), passive ({{passive of}}), passive past ({{passive past tense of}}) and gerund ({{gerund of}}). The latter should be under a Noun header.
Note that not all verbs have passive forms, and that the existence of one does not imply that of the other. Similarly, many (perhaps a majority) of verbs do not have gerunds, and so these must be attested individually. If you do not know whether these forms exist, omit them, and perhaps someone will add them later.

Phrasal verbs consists of an inflected verb and a particle, and get entries of their own. While sometimes the particle may be prepended to the verb without a change in meaning, other times such pairs are not synonymous, such as angribe/gribe an. Phrasal + reflexive verbs should probably also get their own entries. It is unclear if reflexive verbs should have sig in the pagename, or if so, if this should be for reflexive-only verbs or also for verbs with reflexive and non-reflexive senses.

Phrases[edit]

A phrase is not just any multi-word collocution; such may also be e.g. a proper noun (manden med leen, Forenede Kongerige), an adverb (i så fald, ad gangen), and so on. Consider whether some other classification may be more proper.

Obsolete spellings[edit]

As of the spelling reform of 1948,[1][2] the first letter of nouns are written in lower case, rather than upper case, and the digraph aa is replaced by å. Wiktionary does not recognize these differences as justifying alternative spelling pages, except in the case of proper nouns like Aarhus or Aage.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hurtigt overblik over retskrivningsordbøger gennem tiden, Dansk Sprognævn
  2. ^ Retskrivningsbekendtgørelsen fra 1948, sproget.dk