From Latin tropus, from Ancient Greek τρόπος (trópos, “a turn, way, manner, style, a trope or figure of speech, a mode in music, a mode or mood in logic”), related to τροπή (tropḗ, “turn; solstice; trope”) and τρέπειν (trépein, “to turn”).
trope (plural tropes)
- (literature) Something recurring across a genre or type of literature, such as the ‘mad scientist’ of horror movies or ‘once upon a time’ as an introduction to fairy tales. Similar to archetype and cliché but not necessarily pejorative.
- A figure of speech in which words or phrases are used with a nonliteral or figurative meaning, such as a metaphor.
- (music) A short cadence at the end of the melody in some early music.
- (music) A phrase or verse added to the mass when sung by a choir.
- (music) A pair of complementary hexachords in twelve-tone technique.
- (Judaism) A cantillation pattern, or the mark that represents it.
- To use, or embellish something with a trope.
- (often literature) To turn into, coin or create a new trope.
- (often literature) To analyze a work in terms of its literary tropes.
- (intransitive) To think or write in terms of tropes.
- Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989
- trope in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- trope in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- trope at OneLook Dictionary Search
- TV Tropes Site with numerous current examples of tropes.
trope m (plural tropes)
- “trope” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).