robot

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English[edit]

industrial robot handling flat glass
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Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot, from robota (drudgery, servitude). Coined in the 1921 science-fiction play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek after having been suggested to him by his brother Josef [1], and taken into the English translation without change.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robots)

  1. A machine built to carry out some complex task or group of tasks, especially one which can be programmed.
    • 2010, Tim Webb, The Guardian, 16 May 2010:
      It's painfully slow and complex work which has never been attempted before in these conditions: the small box-shaped robots, equipped with two claws, are operating in almost freezing water 5,000ft below the surface, in pitch black and strong currents.
  2. (chiefly science fiction) An intelligent mechanical being designed to look like a human or other creature, and usually made from metal.
    • 2010, Tom Chivers and Iain McDiarmid, The Telegraph, 26 Jan 2010:
      The robots in Dick's novel, loosely adapted by Ridley Scott into the film Blade Runner, were so similar to humans that when they went rogue, trained bounty hunters were called in to perform psychological tests to see whether suspected androids lacked human empathy.
  3. (figuratively) A person who does not seem to have any emotions.
    • Murray N. Rothbard, Making Economic Sense (page xiv)
      Yet surely he was a humorless robot of a man, spewing forth lonely and bitter critiques of all those lesser mortals with whom he could not identify.
  4. (South Africa) A traffic light (from earlier robot policeman).
  5. (surveying) A theodolite which follows the movements of a prism and can be used by a one-man crew.
  6. A style of dance popular in disco whereby the dancer impersonates the movement of a robot

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. robot

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From both the Czech and the Slovak robota. First appeared in the 1921 science-fiction play R.U.R. by Karel Čapek after having been suggested to him by his brother Josef.

Noun[edit]

robot m

  1. robot

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots or robotten, diminutive robotje n)

  1. robot

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech.

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. robot

External links[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrobot/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Etymology 1[edit]

From Bavarian robat, robold, from Czech robota (forced labour, drudgery).

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robotok)

  1. (historical) socage, forced labour
  2. (figuratively) hard work, drudgery
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Czech robot, from robota (forced labour, drudgery). Coined in the 1921 science-fiction play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek.

Noun[edit]

robot (plural robotok)

  1. robot
Declension[edit]

Same as above.

Derived terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m (invariable)

  1. robot
  2. (computing) bot

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m

  1. robot

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rôbot/
  • Hyphenation: ro‧bot

Noun[edit]

rȍbot m (Cyrillic spelling ро̏бот)

  1. robot

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

robót m anim (genitive robóta, nominative plural robóti)

  1. robot

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot m (plural robots)

  1. robot

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

robot c

  1. robot
  2. missile

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Czech robot.

Noun[edit]

robot

  1. robot

Declension[edit]