kies

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See also: Kies and Kieś

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kies.

Noun[edit]

kies (plural kieste)

  1. cheek

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kis/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kies
  • Rhymes: -is

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch kiese (late), borrowed from Old Frisian kēse, from Proto-West Germanic *kūsiju. Displaced older kuis, from Middle Dutch *cuse, from the same Proto-West Germanic source.

Noun[edit]

kies m (plural kiezen, diminutive kiesje n)

  1. molar
    Synonym: maaltand
  2. (figuratively) Certain resembling objects
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Papiamentu: kis, kies
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unclear. Possibly borrowed from Middle English chis, from Old English ċīs, itself of unclear origin.

Adjective[edit]

kies (comparative kiezer, superlative meest kies or kiest)

  1. delicate, choice
  2. showing good taste, well-chosen
    Antonym: onkies
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of kies
uninflected kies
inflected kieze
comparative kiezer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial kies kiezer het kiest
het kieste
indefinite m./f. sing. kieze kiezere kieste
n. sing. kies kiezer kieste
plural kieze kiezere kieste
definite kieze kiezere kieste
partitive kies kiezers
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

kies

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kiezen
  2. imperative of kiezen

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ki- (interrogative and relative correlative prefix) + -es (correlative suffix of genitives).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kies (interrogative and relative correlative of genitives, plural kies, accusative singular kies, accusative plural kies)

  1. whose, of whom, of which

Usage notes[edit]

Like other interrogative and relative correlatives, kies can be combined with ajn, the adverbial particle of generality. Kies ajn thus means whosever.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

kies

  1. singular imperative of kiesen

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an otherwise unattested stem of unknown origin + -es (adjective-forming suffix). It is not unlikely, however, that it was originated based on similar word pairs as an analogy, compare kegyetlen (cruel)kegyes (kind, merciful).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkijɛʃ]
  • Hyphenation: ki‧es
  • Rhymes: -ɛʃ

Adjective[edit]

kies (comparative kiesebb, superlative legkiesebb)

  1. (archaic) picturesque, scenic
    Synonyms: festői, vonzó, elragadó, bűbájos, bájos, hangulatos, kellemes, szép
    Antonyms: kietlen, kopár, puszta, sivár
  2. (archaic, rare) remote, distant, far-off, desolate
    Synonyms: távol eső, félreeső, elhagyatott, eldugott, elszigetelt, elzárt

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative kies kiesek
accusative kiest kieseket
dative kiesnek kieseknek
instrumental kiessel kiesekkel
causal-final kiesért kiesekért
translative kiessé kiesekké
terminative kiesig kiesekig
essive-formal kiesként kiesekként
essive-modal
inessive kiesben kiesekben
superessive kiesen kieseken
adessive kiesnél kieseknél
illative kiesbe kiesekbe
sublative kiesre kiesekre
allative kieshez kiesekhez
elative kiesből kiesekből
delative kiesről kiesekről
ablative kiestől kiesektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kiesé kieseké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kieséi kiesekéi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ kies in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • kies in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

West Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

kies c (plural kiezen, diminutive kieske)

  1. A molar

See also[edit]