shuka

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See also: Shuka

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Swahili shuka.

Noun[edit]

shuka (plural shukas)

  1. A sash (decorative length of cloth) worn in parts of Africa.

Anagrams[edit]


Hausa[edit]

Noun[edit]

shūkā̀ f (plural shuke shuke, possessed form shūkàr̃)

  1. plants, crops

Verb[edit]

shūkā̀ (grade 1)

  1. to sow, to plant

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-shuka (infinitive kushuka)

  1. to descend; disembark
  2. to be depressed; be humiliated, be humbled

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -shuka
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kushuka kutoshuka
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative shuka shukeni
Habitual hushuka
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilishuka
nalishuka
tulishuka
twalishuka
ulishuka
walishuka
mlishuka
mwalishuka
alishuka walishuka ulishuka ilishuka lilishuka yalishuka kilishuka vilishuka ilishuka zilishuka ulishuka kulishuka palishuka mulishuka
Relative nilioshuka
nalioshuka
tulioshuka
twalioshuka
ulioshuka
walioshuka
mlioshuka
mwalioshuka
alioshuka walioshuka ulioshuka ilioshuka lilioshuka yalioshuka kilioshuka vilioshuka ilioshuka zilioshuka ulioshuka kulioshuka palioshuka mulioshuka
Negative sikushuka hatukushuka hukushuka hamkushuka hakushuka hawakushuka haukushuka haikushuka halikushuka hayakushuka hakikushuka havikushuka haikushuka hazikushuka haukushuka hakukushuka hapakushuka hamukushuka
Present
Positive ninashuka
nashuka
tunashuka unashuka mnashuka anashuka wanashuka unashuka inashuka linashuka yanashuka kinashuka vinashuka inashuka zinashuka unashuka kunashuka panashuka munashuka
Relative ninaoshuka
naoshuka
tunaoshuka unaoshuka mnaoshuka anaoshuka wanaoshuka unaoshuka inaoshuka linaoshuka yanaoshuka kinaoshuka vinaoshuka inaoshuka zinaoshuka unaoshuka kunaoshuka panaoshuka munaoshuka
Negative sishuki hatushuki hushuki hamshuki hashuki hawashuki haushuki haishuki halishuki hayashuki hakishuki havishuki haishuki hazishuki haushuki hakushuki hapashuki hamushuki
Future
Positive nitashuka tutashuka utashuka mtashuka atashuka watashuka utashuka itashuka litashuka yatashuka kitashuka vitashuka itashuka zitashuka utashuka kutashuka patashuka mutashuka
Relative nitakaoshuka tutakaoshuka utakaoshuka mtakaoshuka atakaoshuka watakaoshuka utakaoshuka itakaoshuka litakaoshuka yatakaoshuka kitakaoshuka vitakaoshuka itakaoshuka zitakaoshuka utakaoshuka kutakaoshuka patakaoshuka mutakaoshuka
Negative sitashuka hatutashuka hutashuka hamtashuka hatashuka hawatashuka hautashuka haitashuka halitashuka hayatashuka hakitashuka havitashuka haitashuka hazitashuka hautashuka hakutashuka hapatashuka hamutashuka
Subjunctive
Positive nishuke tushuke ushuke mshuke ashuke washuke ushuke ishuke lishuke yashuke kishuke vishuke ishuke zishuke ushuke kushuke pashuke mushuke
Negative nisishuke tusishuke usishuke msishuke asishuke wasishuke usishuke isishuke lisishuke yasishuke kisishuke visishuke isishuke zisishuke usishuke kusishuke pasishuke musishuke
Present Conditional
Positive ningeshuka tungeshuka ungeshuka mngeshuka angeshuka wangeshuka ungeshuka ingeshuka lingeshuka yangeshuka kingeshuka vingeshuka ingeshuka zingeshuka ungeshuka kungeshuka pangeshuka mungeshuka
Negative nisingeshuka
singeshuka
tusingeshuka
hatungeshuka
usingeshuka
hungeshuka
msingeshuka
hamngeshuka
asingeshuka
hangeshuka
wasingeshuka
hawangeshuka
usingeshuka
haungeshuka
isingeshuka
haingeshuka
lisingeshuka
halingeshuka
yasingeshuka
hayangeshuka
kisingeshuka
hakingeshuka
visingeshuka
havingeshuka
isingeshuka
haingeshuka
zisingeshuka
hazingeshuka
usingeshuka
haungeshuka
kusingeshuka
hakungeshuka
pasingeshuka
hapangeshuka
musingeshuka
hamungeshuka
Past Conditional
Positive ningalishuka tungalishuka ungalishuka mngalishuka angalishuka wangalishuka ungalishuka ingalishuka lingalishuka yangalishuka kingalishuka vingalishuka ingalishuka zingalishuka ungalishuka kungalishuka pangalishuka mungalishuka
Negative nisingalishuka
singalishuka
tusingalishuka
hatungalishuka
usingalishuka
hungalishuka
msingalishuka
hamngalishuka
asingalishuka
hangalishuka
wasingalishuka
hawangalishuka
usingalishuka
haungalishuka
isingalishuka
haingalishuka
lisingalishuka
halingalishuka
yasingalishuka
hayangalishuka
kisingalishuka
hakingalishuka
visingalishuka
havingalishuka
isingalishuka
haingalishuka
zisingalishuka
hazingalishuka
usingalishuka
haungalishuka
kusingalishuka
hakungalishuka
pasingalishuka
hapangalishuka
musingalishuka
hamungalishuka
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelishuka tungelishuka ungelishuka mngelishuka angelishuka wangelishuka ungelishuka ingelishuka lingelishuka yangelishuka kingelishuka vingelishuka ingelishuka zingelishuka ungelishuka kungelishuka pangelishuka mungelishuka
General Relative
Positive nishukao tushukao ushukao mshukao ashukao washukao ushukao ishukao lishukao yashukao kishukao vishukao ishukao zishukao ushukao kushukao pashukao mushukao
Negative nisioshuka tusioshuka usioshuka msioshuka asioshuka wasioshuka usioshuka isioshuka lisioshuka yasioshuka kisioshuka visioshuka isioshuka zisioshuka usioshuka kusioshuka pasioshuka musioshuka
Gnomic
Positive nashuka twashuka washuka mwashuka ashuka washuka washuka yashuka lashuka yashuka chashuka vyashuka yashuka zashuka washuka kwashuka pashuka mwashuka
Perfect
Positive nimeshuka tumeshuka umeshuka mmeshuka ameshuka wameshuka umeshuka imeshuka limeshuka yameshuka kimeshuka vimeshuka imeshuka zimeshuka umeshuka kumeshuka pameshuka mumeshuka
"Already"
Positive nimeshashuka tumeshashuka umeshashuka mmeshashuka ameshashuka wameshashuka umeshashuka imeshashuka limeshashuka yameshashuka kimeshashuka vimeshashuka imeshashuka zimeshashuka umeshashuka kumeshashuka pameshashuka mumeshashuka
"Not yet"
Negative sijashuka hatujashuka hujashuka hamjashuka hajashuka hawajashuka haujashuka haijashuka halijashuka hayajashuka hakijashuka havijashuka haijashuka hazijashuka haujashuka hakujashuka hapajashuka hamujashuka
"If/When"
Positive nikishuka tukishuka ukishuka mkishuka akishuka wakishuka ukishuka ikishuka likishuka yakishuka kikishuka vikishuka ikishuka zikishuka ukishuka kukishuka pakishuka mukishuka
"If not"
Negative nisiposhuka tusiposhuka usiposhuka msiposhuka asiposhuka wasiposhuka usiposhuka isiposhuka lisiposhuka yasiposhuka kisiposhuka visiposhuka isiposhuka zisiposhuka usiposhuka kusiposhuka pasiposhuka musiposhuka
Consecutive
Positive nikashuka tukashuka ukashuka mkashuka akashuka wakashuka ukashuka ikashuka likashuka yakashuka kikashuka vikashuka ikashuka zikashuka ukashuka kukashuka pakashuka mukashuka
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

shuka (n class, plural shuka) or shuka (ma class, plural mashuka)

  1. sash, loincloth (length of cloth used as clothing)
  2. bedsheet

Usage notes[edit]

The secondary Ma class inflection (noun classes 5/6) is generally reserved for a longer length of cloth, and always used for bedsheets.