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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  – rock-solid, as certain as a rock.

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一口人月土 (MROBG), four-corner 14614, composition)

  1. sure, certain
  2. real, true

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 833, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24366
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1250, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2450, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+78BA

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (確), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 苦角切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɣʌk̚/ /kʰɔk̚/ /kʰɔk̚/ /kʰɯɔk̚/ /kʰaɨwk̚/ /kʰɔk̚/ /kʰɔk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
què ‹ khæwk › /*[k]ʰˤrawk/ solid, firm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5100 3 㱿 /*kʰroːwɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. certain

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwak) (hangeul , revised hwak, McCune-Reischauer hwak, Yale hwak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xác, xạc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.