poder

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See also: põder

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse.

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. to be able to, can

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse.

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poderes)

  1. power

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. to be able to, can

Conjugation[edit]

Impersonal forms
Infinitive poder
Gerund pudiendo
Past participle podíu
Personal forms
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Indicative Present puedo
pueo
puedes
pues
pue podemos podéis pueden
puen
Imperfect preterite podía podíes podía podíemos~podíamos podíais~podíeis podíen
Perfect preterite pudi pudisti
pudiesti
pudo pudimos
pudiemos
pudistis
pudiestis
pudieron
Pluperfect preterite pudiera~pudiere pudieras~pudieres pudiera~pudiere pudiéramos~pudiéremos pudierais~pudiereis pudieran~pudieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Subjunctive Present pueda
puea
puedas
pueas
pueda
puea
podamos podáis puedan
puean
Imperfect preterite pudiera~pudiere pudieras~pudieres pudiera~pudiere pudiéramos~pudiéremos pudierais~pudiereis pudieran~pudieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Potential Future podré podrás podrá podremos podréis podrán
Conditional podría podríes podría podríamos~podríemos podríais~podríeis podríen
- tu vusté nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós vustedes
Imperative pue vamos poder podéi



Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal poder, from Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from Latin potens, present participle of possum, posse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present puc, past participle pogut)

  1. to be able; can
  2. to be allowed, to be permitted; may

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poders)

  1. power
  2. ability

References[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse.

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present podo, first-person singular preterite puiden, past participle podido)

  1. can (to be able)
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of poder
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of poder

Conjugation[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal poder, from Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse.

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. to be able to; can

Conjugation[edit]


Old Provençal[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse. Compare Old French poeir.

Noun[edit]

poder m (oblique plural poders, nominative singular poders, nominative plural poder)

  1. power (ability; capability)

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. can; be able to

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese poder, from Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun:

Verb:

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pu.ˈdeɾ/, [pu.ˈðeɾ]
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /po.ˈde(ʁ)/, /pu.ˈde(ʁ)/
    • (Paulista) IPA(key): [po.ˈde(ɹ)], [po.ˈde(ɾ)], [pu-], [-dɛ-]

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poderes)

  1. power (the ability to coerce, influence or control)
    O rei do Reino Unido tem pouco poder.
    The king of the United Kingdom has little power.
  2. (chiefly geopolitics) power (a powerful organisation, especially a country)
    Os poderes mundiais se reuniram.
    The world powers got together.
  3. possession; Only used in em poder de
  4. (politics) power (branch of the government)
    Quem lida com isso é o poder judiciário.
    The branch that deals with this is the judiciary.
  5. power (extraordinary quality)
    Essa vacina tem o poder da cura.
    This vaccine has the power of cure.
  6. (science fiction) power; superpower (supernatural ability)
    Meu poder favorito é o teletransporte.
    My favourite power is teleportation.

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:poder.

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present indicative posso, past participle podido)

  1. (auxiliary with a verb in the impersonal infinitive) to be able to; can (to have the ability to)
    Eu posso arrumar isso.
    I can fix this.
  2. (auxiliary with a verb in the impersonal infinitive) can; to be allowed to (to have the permission to)
    Não podem ficar no pátio.
    You can’t stay in the patio.
  3. (auxiliary with a verb in the impersonal infinitive) can; could (indicates possibility)
    O montanhista podia cair a qualquer momento.
    The climber could fall at any moment.
  4. (transitive with com) to be able to take on (to be able to defeat or withstand)
    Ninguém pode comigo!
    No one can take me on!
  5. (informal, intransitive) to be allowed
    Comer aqui pode.
    Eating here is allowed.

Conjugation[edit]

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:poder.

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, formed analogically from potens, present participle of Latin possum, posse. Cognate with Catalan and Portuguese poder, French pouvoir, Italian potere, Romanian putea.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /poˈdeɾ/, [poˈðeɾ]

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poderes)

  1. power, reign
  2. authorization
  3. proxy (written certificate of authority to act for another)

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present puedo, first-person singular preterite pude, past participle podido)

  1. to be able, can
    ¿Puedes acompañarme mañana?
    Could you come with me tomorrow?
    No puedes salir ya que no tienes permiso.
    You can't go out since you're not allowed.
    No puedo hablar francés.
    I can't speak French.
  2. (El Salvador, colloquial, reflexive) to be familiar with something, or with somebody's personality
    ¿Te podés el número de tu prima?
    Do you know your cousin's phone number?
    Como entrenador, tengo que poderme bien a todos mis jugadores.
    As a coach, I must know my players really well.

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is replaced with saber or ser capaz de for use with skills (as in to know how to do something) and omitted when relating to verbs of sense.

  • "You can do it." – Puedes hacerlo. (uses poder)
  • "She can swim." – Ella es capaz de nadar. (uses ser capaz de)
  • "I can see it." – Lo veo. (omitted)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]