poder

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See also: põder

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. to be able to, can

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poderes)

  1. power

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. to be able to, can

Conjugation[edit]

Impersonal forms
Infinitive poder
Gerund pudiendo
Past participle podíu
Personal forms
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Indicative Present puedo
pueo
puedes
pues
pue podemos podéis pueden
puen
Imperfect preterite podía podíes podía podíemos~podíamos podíais~podíeis podíen
Perfect preterite pudi pudisti
pudiesti
pudo pudimos
pudiemos
pudistis
pudiestis
pudieron
Pluperfect preterite pudiera~pudiere pudieras~pudieres pudiera~pudiere pudiéramos~pudiéremos pudierais~pudiereis pudieran~pudieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Subjunctive Present pueda
puea
puedas
pueas
pueda
puea
podamos podáis puedan
puean
Imperfect preterite pudiera~pudiere pudieras~pudieres pudiera~pudiere pudiéramos~pudiéremos pudierais~pudiereis pudieran~pudieren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Potential Future podré podrás podrá podremos podréis podrán
Conditional podría podríes podría podríamos~podríemos podríais~podríeis podríen
- tu vusté nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós vustedes
Imperative pue vamos poder podéi



Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal poder, from Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present puc, past participle pogut)

  1. to be able; can
  2. to be allowed, to be permitted; may

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poders)

  1. power
  2. ability

References[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present podo, first-person singular preterite puiden, past participle podido)

  1. can (to be able)
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of poder
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of poder

Conjugation[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal poder, from Vulgar Latin *potere, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. to be able to; can

Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Old Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Noun[edit]

poder m (oblique plural poders, nominative singular poders, nominative plural poder)

  1. power (ability; capability)

Verb[edit]

poder

  1. can; be able to

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese poder, from Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poderes)

  1. power

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present indicative posso, past participle podido)

  1. can (to be able)
    Posso ir na sua casa? (Brazil)
    Posso ir a sua casa? (Portugal)
    Can I go to your house.?

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is replaced with saber for use with skills (as in to know how to do something) and omitted when relating to verbs of sense.

  • "You are allowed to do it." - "Podes fazê-lo" (with poder)
  • "She can (is allowed to) swim." (as said by the Doctor after an operation) - "Ela pode nadar" (with poder)
  • "She can (knows how to) swim." (not in medical kind of context) - "Ela sabe nadar" (with saber)
  • "I am able to see it." - "Eu vejo-o" (omitted)

Conjugation[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *potēre, from Latin posse, present active infinitive of possum. Cognate with French pouvoir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

poder m (plural poderes)

  1. power, reign
  2. authorization
  3. proxy (written certificate of authority to act for another)

Verb[edit]

poder (first-person singular present puedo, first-person singular preterite pude, past participle podido)

  1. to be able, can
    ¿Puedes acompañarme mañana? - Could you come with me tomorrow?
    No puedes salir ya que no tienes permiso - You can't go out since you're not allowed
    No puedo hablar francés. - I can't speak French
  2. (El Salvador, colloquial, reflexive) to be familiar with something, or with somebody's personality
    ¿Te podés el número de tu prima? - Do you know your cousin's phone number?
    Como entrenador, tengo que poderme bien a todos mis jugadores. - As a coach, I must know my players really well

Usage notes[edit]

This verb is replaced with saber or ser capaz de for use with skills (as in to know how to do something) and omitted when relating to verbs of sense.

  • "You are able to do it." - Puedes hacerlo. (uses poder)
  • "She is able to swim." - Ella es capaz de nadar. (uses ser capaz de)
  • "I am able to see it." - Lo veo. (omitted)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]