strut

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See also: struț

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English strouten, struten, from Old English strūtian (to stand out stiffly, stand out projectingly, exert oneself, struggle), from Proto-Germanic *strūtōną, *strūtijaną (to swell, be puffed up), from Proto-Indo-European *streudh- (rigid, stiff), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ter- (strong, firm, stiff, rigid). Cognate with German strotzen (to bristle up), Danish strutte (to bulge, bristle), Low German strutt (stiff). Compare Old Norse þrútinn (swollen), Gothic 𐌸𐍂𐌿𐍄𐍃𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌻 (þrutsfill, leprosy), Middle High German striuzen (to bristle, to ruffle) ( > obsolete German sträußen, now in Alemannic)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

strut (plural struts)

  1. Protuberance, air pressure

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

strut (third-person singular simple present struts, present participle strutting, simple past and past participle strutted)

  1. (intransitive) To swell; protuberate; bulge or spread out.
    • Dryden
      The bellying canvas strutted with the gale.
  2. (intransitive, originally said of fowl) To stand or walk stiffly, with the tail erect and spread out.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I, Scene ii[1]:
      Come unto these yellow sands,
      And then take hands:
      Courtsied when you have, and kiss'd
      The wild waves whist,
      Foot it featly here and there,
      And sweet sprites bear
      The burthen. Hark, hark!
      [Burthen, dispersedly] Bow-wow.
      The watch dogs bark.
      [Burthen, dispersedly] Bow-wow.
      Hark, hark! I hear
      The strain of strutting Chanticleer
      Cry cock a diddle dow.
      [Burthen, dispersedly] Cock a diddle dow.
  3. (intransitive) To walk proudly or haughtily.
    He strutted about the yard, thinking himself master of all he surveyed.
    • Shakespeare
      Does he not hold up his head, [] and strut in his gait?
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To cause to swell; enlarge; give more importance to.
  5. (transitive) To protrude; cause to bulge.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (To walk proudly or haughtily): swagger
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English strout, strut, strot, from strouten, struten (to strut, swell out). Cognate with Middle High German strūz (swelling, contention). See above.

Noun[edit]

strut (plural struts)

  1. A proud step or walk, with the head erect; affected dignity in walking.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From a contraction of strutted.

Adjective[edit]

strut (comparative more strut, superlative most strut)

  1. (archaic) Swelling out; protuberant; bulging.

Etymology 4[edit]

Origin obscure, but apparently related to strut above. Cognate with Icelandic strútur (a hood jutting out like a horn), Norwegian strut (spout, nozzle), Swedish strut (a paper cornet), Low German strutt (stiff, rigid).

Noun[edit]

strut (plural struts)

Strut supporting a plane's wing
  1. A support rod.
  2. An instrument for adjusting the pleats of a ruff.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

strut (third-person singular simple present struts, present participle strutting, simple past and past participle strutted)

  1. (transitive, construction) To brace or support by a strut ot struts; hold in place or strengthen by an upright, diagonal, or transverse support.

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

strut c

  1. An object shaped as a hollow, open cone.
  2. cornet; ice-cream cone; also one including the ice cream.
  3. Short for glasstrut.

Declension[edit]

Declension of strut 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative strut struten strutar strutarna
Genitive struts strutens strutars strutarnas

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

strut (plural struts)

  1. (male or female) ostrich

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]