- crinch (dialectal)
From Middle English *crinchen, crenchen, crengen, from Old English *crenċan, *crenċġan, *crengan (“to cause to fall, turn”), from Proto-Germanic *krangijaną (“to cause to turn”), causative of Proto-Germanic *kringaną, *krinkaną (“to fall”), from Proto-Indo-European *grenǵʰ- (“to twist, wind”). Cognate with Scots crenge, creinge, creenge, crienge (“to cringe, shrug”), West Frisian kringe (“to push, poke, insist, urge, pinch”), Dutch krengen (“to veer, careen”), Danish krænge (“to turn inside out, evert”), Swedish kränga (“to heel, lurch, toss, careen”). Related to crinkle.
cringe (plural cringes)
- A posture or gesture of shrinking or recoiling.
- He glanced with a cringe at the mess on his desk.
- (dialectal) A crick.
- An embarrassing event, item or behaviour which causes an onlooker to cringe.
- (dated, intransitive) To bow or crouch in servility.
- (intransitive) To shrink, cower, tense or recoil, as in fear, disgust or embarrassment.
- He cringed as the bird collided with the window.
- When they were come up to the place where the lions were, the boys that went before were glad to cringe behind, for they were afraid of the lions.
- (transitive, obsolete) To contract; to draw together; to cause to shrink or wrinkle; to distort.
- Till like a boy you see him cringe his face, / And whine aloud for mercy.