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U+5EC9, 廉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EC9

[U+5EC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5ECA]
Uf9a2.svg
U+F9A2, 廉
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9A2

[U+F9A1]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9A3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 53, 广+10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈廿X金 (ITXC), four-corner 00237, composition广)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 349, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9436
  • Dae Jaweon: page 659, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 896, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5EC9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
廉-seal.svg 廉-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·rem): semantic 广 + phonetic (OC *keːm, *keːms).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • liam5 - Chaozhou;
  • niam5 - Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai;
  • niang5 - Chenghai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lian³⁵/
    Harbin /lian²⁴/
    Tianjin /lian⁴⁵/
    Jinan /liã⁴²/
    Qingdao /liã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lian⁴²/
    Xi'an /liã²⁴/
    Xining /liã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /lian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /liɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /lian⁵¹/
    Wuhan /niɛn²¹³/
    Chengdu /nian³¹/
    Guiyang /nian²¹/
    Kunming /liɛ̃³¹/
    Nanjing /lien²⁴/
    Hefei /liĩ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /lie¹¹/
    Pingyao /lie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /lie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /li²³/
    Suzhou /liɪ¹³/
    Hangzhou /liẽ̞²¹³/
    Wenzhou /li³¹/
    Hui Shexian /le⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /liɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /liẽ¹³/
    Xiangtan /niẽ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /liɛn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /liam¹¹/
    Taoyuan /liɑm¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lim²¹/
    Nanning /lim²¹/
    Hong Kong /lim²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liam³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lieŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /liŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /niam⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /liam³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (153)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liᴇm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liɛm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljæm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /liam/
    Li
    Rong
    /liɛm/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭɛm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ɛm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lián
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lim4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lián lián
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljem › ‹ ljem ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*(k-)rem/ /*[r]em/
    English frugal angle

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6042
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·rem/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. clean; incorruptible; honorable; honest
    2. inexpensive
    3. a surname

    Synonyms[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (inexpensive): (guì)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1]


    &#xF9A2;
    or
    +&#xFE00;?
    Uf9a2.svg
    廉󠄀
    +&#xE0100;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
    廉󠄃
    +&#xE0103;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かど) (kado

    1. grounds (for suspicion), a charge (for a crime)

    Proper noun[edit]

    (れん) (Ren

    1. a male or female given name

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015—2023

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 청렴 (cheongnyeomhal ryeom), South Korea 청렴 (cheongnyeomhal yeom))

    1. Hanja form? of / (upright, honorable, honest, pure).
    2. Hanja form? of / (to spy on).

    Compounds[edit]

    1. 청렴(淸廉) (cheongnyeom, honesty)
    2. 염탐(廉探) (yeomtam, snooping, nosing around)

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: liêm, rèm

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.