admiral

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See also: Admiral, admirál, and admirał

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English amiral, from Old French amirail, amiral (modern French amiral), from a shortening of Arabicأَمِير اَلبَحْر(ʔamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet, literally sea commander). Akin to amir, Amir, and emir. The -d- is probably from the influence of the otherwise unconnected admirable (Latin admīrābilis).

First recorded in English in September 1300, in a description of Gerard Allard of Winchelsea as “Admiral of the Fleet of the Cinque Ports”.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

admiral (plural admirals)

  1. A naval officer of the highest rank; the commander of a country's naval forces.
  2. A naval officer of high rank, immediately below Admiral of the Fleet; the commander of a fleet or squadron.
  3. A flag officer in the United States Navy or Coast Guard of a grade superior to vice admiral and junior to admiral of the fleet (when that grade is used). An admiral is equal in grade or rank to a four-star general.
  4. The ship which carries the admiral, the flagship; also, the most considerable ship of a fleet.
  5. (obsolete) A prince or Saracen leader under the Sultan.
  6. Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genera Kaniska, Limenitis and Vanessa, especially a red admiral or white admiral.

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • German: Admiral
    • Polish: admirał
    • Slovene: admiral

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Mastery of the Sea, by Cyril Field, page 234
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024), “admiral”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English admiral, from Old French amirail, amiral (modern French amiral), from Arabicأَمِيرُ البَحْر(ʔamīru l-baḥr, commander of the fleet).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral

Noun[edit]

admiral

  1. (military) an admiral

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch admiraal, From Middle Dutch ammirael, from Old French amiral, from Latin amiralis, from Arabicأَمِيرُ البَحْر(ʔamīru l-baḥr). Equivalent to amir +‎ bahar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [at̚miral]
  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral

Noun[edit]

admiral

  1. admiral

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen (to the left), Norwegian Chief of Defence, at Akershus Fortress.
An admiral butterfly resting on a flower.

Etymology[edit]

From French amiral (admiral), from Old French amirail, amiral (admiral), from Arabicأَمِير اَلْبَحْر(ʔamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

admiral m (definite singular admiralen, indefinite plural admiraler, definite plural admiralene)

  1. (military, nautical) an admiral (a naval officer of the highest rank; the commander of a country's naval forces)
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker VI, page 181:
      kommandøren og admiralen
      the commander and the admiral
    • 2015 January 12, NTBtekst:
      admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen har vært norsk forsvarssjef i noe over ett år
      Admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen has been Norwegian Chief of Defense for a little over a year
    • 2011 December 30, Dagsavisen[dagsavisen.no]:
      den iranske marinens nestkommanderende, admiral Mahmoud Moussavi
      the Deputy Commander of the Iranian Navy, Admiral Mahmoud Moussavi
  2. (historical) a commander-in-chief of a collection of ships belonging to an admiralty
  3. (zoology) the red admiral (a bright red and black butterfly (Vanessa atalanta) of the family Nymphalidae)
    Synonym: admiralsommerfugl
    • 2012, Stig Aasvik, Indre anliggender:
      her om dagen så jeg en admiral på byen, den hadde forvillet seg inn i en bakgård på Grünerløkka
      the other day I saw an admiral in the city, it had strayed into a backyard on Grünerløkka

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicأَمِير الْبَحْر(ʔamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet), via French amiral.

Noun[edit]

admiral m (definite singular admiralen, indefinite plural admiralar, definite plural admiralane)

  1. (military, nautical) an admiral

References[edit]

Old French[edit]

Noun[edit]

admiral oblique singularm (oblique plural admiraus or admirax or admirals, nominative singular admiraus or admirax or admirals, nominative plural admiral)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of amiral

References[edit]

  • admiral in Anglo-Norman Dictionary, Aberystwyth University, 2022

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

admiral m (plural admirali)

  1. Obsolete form of amiral.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • admiral in Academia Română, Micul dicționar academic, ediția a II-a, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic, 2010. →ISBN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicاَمِير(amīr, commander) + -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /admǐraːl/
  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral

Noun[edit]

admìrāl m (Cyrillic spelling адмѝра̄л)

  1. admiral

Declension[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From German Admiral, from English admiral, from Middle English amiral, from Old French amirail, amiral (modern French amiral), from a shortening of Arabicأَمِير اَلبَحْر(ʔamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet, literally sea commander).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

admirȃl m anim

admiral (sense 3)
  1. Admiral, a naval officer of the highest rank, above vice admiral.
  2. (zoology) Vanessa atalanta, a type of butterfly.
  3. An Opel car model.

Inflection[edit]

First masculine declension (hard o-stem, animate), fixed accent
nom. sing. admirȃl
gen. sing. admirȃla
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
admirȃl admirȃla admirȃli
genitive
rodȋlnik
admirȃla admirȃlov admirȃlov
dative
dajȃlnik
admirȃlu admirȃloma admirȃlom
accusative
tožȋlnik
admirȃla admirȃla admirȃle
locative
mẹ̑stnik
admirȃlu admirȃlih admirȃlih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
admirȃlom admirȃloma admirȃli
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
admirȃl admirȃla admirȃli

Further reading[edit]

  • admiral”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English admiral, from Middle English amiral, from Old French amirail, amiral, from a shortening of Arabicأَمِير اَلبَحْر(ʔamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet, literally sea commander). Doublet of almirante.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔadmiɾal/, [ˈʔad.mɪ.ɾɐl]

Noun[edit]

ádmirál (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜇ᜔ᜋᜒᜇᜎ᜔)

  1. (military) admiral
    Synonyms: almirante, laksamana

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]