admiral

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Admiral, admirál, and admirał

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English amiral, from Old French amirail, amiral (modern French amiral), from a shortening of Arabic أَمِير اَلبَحْر(ʾamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet, literally sea commander). Akin to amir, Amir, and emir. The -d- is probably from the influence of the otherwise unconnected admirable (Latin admīrābilis).

First recorded in English in September 1300, in a description of Gerard Allard of Winchelsea as “Admiral of the Fleet of the Cinque Ports”.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈæd.mə.ɹəl/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

admiral (plural admirals)

  1. A naval officer of the highest rank; the commander of a country's naval forces.
  2. A naval officer of high rank, immediately below Admiral of the Fleet; the commander of a fleet or squadron.
  3. A flag officer in the United States Navy or Coast Guard of a grade superior to vice admiral and junior to admiral of the fleet (when that grade is used). An admiral is equal in grade or rank to a four-star general.
  4. The ship which carries the admiral, the flagship; also, the most considerable ship of a fleet.
  5. (obsolete) A prince or Saracen leader under the Sultan.
  6. Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genera Kaniska and Vanessa, especially a red admiral or white admiral.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Mastery of the Sea, by Cyril Field, page 234
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “admiral”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English admiral, from Old French amirail, amiral (modern French amiral), from Arabic أَمِيرُ البَحْر(ʾamīru l-baḥr, commander of the fleet).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral

Noun[edit]

admiral

  1. (military) an admiral

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch admiraal, From Middle Dutch ammirael, from Old French amiral, from Latin amiralis, from Arabic أَمِيرُ البَحْر(ʾamīru l-baḥr). Equivalent to amir +‎ bahar.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [at̚miral]
  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral

Noun[edit]

admiral

  1. admiral

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen (to the left), Norwegian Chief of Defence, at Akershus Fortress.
An admiral butterfly resting on a flower.

Etymology[edit]

From French amiral (admiral), from Old French amirail, amiral (admiral), from Arabic أَمِير اَلْبَحْر(ʾamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

admiral m (definite singular admiralen, indefinite plural admiraler, definite plural admiralene)

  1. (military, nautical) an admiral (a naval officer of the highest rank; the commander of a country's naval forces)
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker VI, page 181:
      kommandøren og admiralen
      the commander and the admiral
    • 2015 January 12, NTBtekst:
      admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen har vært norsk forsvarssjef i noe over ett år
      Admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen has been Norwegian Chief of Defense for a little over a year
    • 2011 December 30, Dagsavisen[dagsavisen.no]:
      den iranske marinens nestkommanderende, admiral Mahmoud Moussavi
      the Deputy Commander of the Iranian Navy, Admiral Mahmoud Moussavi
  2. (historical) a commander-in-chief of a collection of ships belonging to an admiralty
  3. (zoology) the red admiral (a bright red and black butterfly (Vanessa atalanta) of the family Nymphalidae)
    • 2012, Stig Aasvik, Indre anliggender:
      her om dagen så jeg en admiral på byen, den hadde forvillet seg inn i en bakgård på Grünerløkka
      the other day I saw an admiral in the city, it had strayed into a backyard on Grünerløkka
    Synonym: admiralsommerfugl

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَمِير الْبَحْر(ʾamīr al-baḥr, commander of the fleet), via French amiral

Noun[edit]

admiral m (definite singular admiralen, indefinite plural admiralar, definite plural admiralane)

  1. (military, nautical) an admiral

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اَمِير(amīr, commander) + -al.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /admǐraːl/
  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral

Noun[edit]

admìrāl m (Cyrillic spelling адмѝра̄л)

  1. admiral

Declension[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English admiral.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ad‧mi‧ral
  • IPA(key): /ˌʔadmiˈɾal/, [ˌʔadmɪˈɾal]

Noun[edit]

ádmirál

  1. (military) admiral
    Synonyms: almirante, laksamana

References[edit]