tom

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From generic use of the proper name Tom.

Noun[edit]

tom (plural toms)

  1. The male of the domesticated cat.
  2. The male of the turkey.
  3. The male of certain other animals.
  4. (UK, slang) A prostitute.
  5. (music) A type of drum.
  6. (obsolete) The jack of trumps in the card game gleek.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened from tomato

Noun[edit]

tom (plural toms)

  1. (UK, greengrocers' slang) A tomato (the fruit).
    Toms 90p a pound

Etymology 3[edit]

Rhyming slang from tomfoolery.

Noun[edit]

tom (uncountable)

  1. (Cockney rhyming slang) jewellery

Etymology 4[edit]

From Uncle Tom.

Verb[edit]

tom (third-person singular simple present toms, present participle tomming, simple past and past participle tommed)

  1. (intransitive, derogatory, of a black person) To act in an obsequiously servile manner toward white authority.

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

tom (third-person singular simple present toms, present participle tomming, simple past and past participle tommed)

  1. (nautical) To dig out a hole below the hatch cover of a bulker and fill it with cargo or weights to aid stability.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tómr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tɔm/, [tˢʌmˀ]

Adjective[edit]

tom

  1. empty

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish tom (bush, tuft; hillock, knoll).

Noun[edit]

tom m (genitive toim, nominative plural toim)

  1. bush, shrub
  2. clump, tuft, tussock
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
  • tor (bush, shrub)
Derived terms[edit]
  • tomach (bushy; tufted)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m (genitive toma, nominative plural tomanna)

  1. Alternative form of taom.
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

tom (present analytic tomann, future analytic tomfaidh, verbal noun tomadh, past participle tomtha)

  1. Alternative form of tum.
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tom thom dtom
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

tom

  1. locative masculine singular of ten
  2. locative neuter singular of ten

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Germanic *tōmaz (empty). Akin to Old Norse tomr (empty), whence Icelandic tómur (empty).

Adjective[edit]

tōm

  1. empty
  2. (figuratively) free from

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m

  1. volume (single book of a publication issued in multi-book format)

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tonus. Compare Spanish tono.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m (plural tons)

  1. tone (property of sound determined by the frequency)

See also[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tom m (genitive tuim, plural toman or tomannan)

  1. round hillock or knoll, rising ground, swell, green eminence
  2. any round heap
  3. tuft of anything
  4. bush, thicket
  5. anthill
  6. (Islay) stool
  7. volume of a book
  8. bank
  9. grave
  10. (medicine, rare) the plague
  11. conical knoll

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tóm m inan (genitive tóma, nominative plural tómi)

  1. tome

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tómr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tom

  1. empty

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]