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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
累-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + .

Simplified from ()

A popular theory consider this character as an ideogramic compound representing the tiredness after work. In ancient China, Men were working in the field while women worked in silk farming . This is a mnemonic and not the etymology.

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 田女戈火 (WVIF), four-corner 60903, composition)

  1. tired
  2. implicate, involve
  3. bother

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 919, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27343
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1351, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3381, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7D2F
  • 2005, William McNaughton, Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, edition 2nd Edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 10:

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping leoi4, leoi5, leoi6, Yale leui4, leui5, leui6)

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Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ lùi, Guangdong lwi5 [Meixian], lui6 [Hailu], lui1, lui3 [Bao'an], Hagfa Pinyim lui1, lui4)

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References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ru>nu) (hangeul >, revised ru>nu, McCune-Reischauer ru>nu, Yale lwu>nwu)

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Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin léi (lei2), lěi (lei3), lèi (lei4), liè (lie4), (lü4), Wade-Giles lei2, lei3, lei4, lieh4, lü4)

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Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin lèi)

  1. tired, weary
    我很累。 wǒ hěn lèi.
    I'm very tired.
  2. (of work) hard
    你别工作得太累。 nǐ biè gōngzuò de tài lèi.
    Don't work too hard.

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin lěi)

  1. continuous, repeated

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin lèi)

  1. to strain, to wear out
    他会得精疲力竭的。tā huì lèi de jīng pí lì jié de.
    He'll wear himself out.

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin lěi)

  1. to accumulate
    积累 to accumulate, 累计 to accumulate

Verb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin léi, traditional )

  1. to bind
    牵累 tied down by affairs
  2. to involve, to implicate
    连累 to involve, 拖累 to implicate

Proper noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin léi, traditional )

  1. a Chinese surname

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-14.
  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-03.

Min Nan[edit]

Verb[edit]

(traditional, POJ luī)

  1. tired

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luy, luỵ, lủi, luỹ, mệt)

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