Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+64D8, 擘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64D8

[U+64D7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64D9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 尸十手 (SJQ), four-corner 70502, composition)

  1. thumb
  2. break, tear open, rip

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 459, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 808, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1966, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+64D8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*peːɡs
*beːɡs, *preːɡ
*beːɡs
*peɡs
*pʰeɡs
*beɡs
*preːɡ
*preːɡ
*preːɡ, *pʰreːɡ
*preːɡ
*breːɡ, *peːɡ
*peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*pʰeɡ, *pʰeːɡ
*pʰeɡ, *pʰeːɡ
*pʰeɡ, *peːɡ
*beɡ
*beɡ
*beɡ
*peːɡ
*peːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*beːɡ
鷿 *beːɡ
*mbeːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *preːɡ): phonetic  (OC *peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ) + semantic  (hand).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/pæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤrek/ (~ *mə-pˤrek)
English cleave, split

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 669
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*preːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thumb
  2. (figuratively) outstanding person
  3. (literary or dialectal) to split; to break; to tear
  4. (dialectal) to open; to spread

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 拇指 (“thumb”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 巨擘擘指拇指大指
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 拇指大指
Mandarin Beijing 大拇哥大拇指頭大拇手指頭
Taiwan 拇指大拇哥大拇指大拇指頭
Tianjin 大拇哥
Harbin 大拇指大拇哥大拇手指頭
Shenyang 大拇手指頭
Hailar 大拇哥
Ulan Hot 大拇哥
Tongliao 大拇哥
Chifeng 大拇哥
Baochang 大拇指頭
Bayanhot 大拇嘎
Jinan 大拇指大門手指頭大門指頭大拇哥
Muping 大拇指頭大拇指
Luoyang 大拇指頭
Jiedian 大面手圪頭
Xi'an 大門指大門指頭
Qingdao 大拇指頭
Xining 大拇指頭大拇哥兒
Xuzhou 大拇哥大拇指頭大拇指
Yinchuan 大拇指
Lanzhou 大拇指
Ürümqi 大拇指頭
Wuhan 大指甲
Chengdu 大指拇兒老指拇兒
Guiyang 大指拇
Guilin 大指媽
Liuzhou 大拇指
Kunming 大拇指
Yangzhou 大麻指大麻指頭
Nanjing 大指抹頭大指頭大馬指大馬哥
Hefei 大末爪子大末爪大末指
Cantonese Guangzhou 手指公
Hong Kong 手指公
Foshan 手指公
Dongguan 手指公
Hong Kong (Weitou) 手指公
Taishan 手指公手公
Yangjiang 手馬頭手指頭
Nanning 拇指手乸頭大拇指
Wuzhou 手指公手公頭
Yulin 大手兒拇指
Hepu 大手指拇指
Kuala Lumpur 手指公
Gan Nanchang 大拇指頭大拇指頭子
Lichuan 大手節
Pingxiang 大手指腦
Hakka Meixian 手指公大手指公
Xingning 手指公
Huidong 手指公
Qujiang 手指公
Xiaosanjiang 手指嘛
Luchuan 手拇頭
Changting 手指公
Pingyu 手指伯公
Wuping 伯公手指
Liancheng 手指公
Ninghua 手指公
Yudu 大手指
Ruijin 手指公
Shicheng 大腦公
Shangyou 手指婆
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 手指公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 手指公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 手指公
Dongshi (Dabu) 手指公
Zhuolan (Raoping) 手指公
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 手指公大牯翁
Hong Kong 手指公
Sabah 手指公
Senai 手指公
Singkawang 手指公
Huizhou Jixi 大指頭
Jin Taiyuan 大拇指頭
Xinzhou 大拇指頭
Jining 大拇指頭
Hohhot 大拇哥兒
Baotou 大拇指頭
Dongsheng 大拇指頭
Linhe 大拇指
Haibowan 大拇指
Min Bei Jian'ou 手嫲頭
Min Dong Fuzhou 大拇拇大拇哥
Fuqing 大拇拇
Matsu 大拇拇
Min Nan Xiamen 大部拇
Quanzhou 部頭拇掌頭拇大頭拇
Zhangzhou 大部拇大臼拇大大拇大頭拇部頭拇
Taipei 大頭嬸拇
Kaohsiung 掌頭拇公大頭拇
Tainan 大頭拇
Taichung 大富翁大拇翁
Wuqi 大公拇
Hsinchu 大頭拇掌頭拇
Taitung 大頭拇
Lukang 大部拇大頭拇
Sanxia 掌頭拇公
Yilan 大部翁大部拇
Kinmen 大部拇
Magong 掌頭拇大頭拇
Singapore 掌頭拇
Pingnan 大手指
Chaozhou 掌頭公手公
Shantou 掌頭公
Haifeng 手指公
Johor Bahru 掌頭公
Haikou 大手拇手拇
Leizhou 手拇
Puxian Min Putian 大掌頭
Xianyou 大拇
Pinghua Nanning 手拇頭大手指大拇指
Guilin 大手指頭
Wu Shanghai 大節頭大拇指大手節頭大米指頭
Suzhou 大密節頭
Hangzhou 大拇手指頭
Wenzhou 大蠻指頭兒
Chongming 大節頭
Danyang 大拇指頭
Jinhua 大手拇執頭
Ningbo 大指末頭
Xiang Changsha 大指腦大指拇
Shuangfeng 大手指腦
Loudi 大手指腦
Quanzhou 大拇指大指頭

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(byeok) (hangeul , revised byeok, McCune-Reischauer pyŏk, Yale pyek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bài, phách)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]