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See also: and
U+5348, 午
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5348

[U+5347]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5349]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
午-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 24, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人十 (OJ) or X人十 (XOJ), four-corner 80400, composition𠂉 or ⿰丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 156, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2703
  • Dae Jaweon: page 354, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 406, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5348

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
午-oracle.svg 午-bronze.svg 午-seal.svg 午-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle (now written ).

Etymology 1[edit]

Norman (1985) proposed connection with Austroasiatic; Ferlus (2013) noted a "[g]ood correspondence" between Proto-Vietic *m-ŋəːʔ (whence Vietnamese ngựa) and Old Chinese reconstructions like *m-qʰˁaʔ (Baxter-Sagart) and *ᵀs.ŋaʔ (Ferlus).

Alternatively, Smith (2011) proposed (OC *ŋaːʔ)'s cognacy with (OC *ŋaːs) "to meet head on" and (OC *ŋas) "to meet in (battle)" and suggested that "the moon at its full phase opposes the sun directly in the sky, meaning *ŋaaʔ 午 is probably to be glossed, given *-ʔ , ‘facing stage’". Schuessler (2007) regarded (OC ŋâh) "to go against" as a mere graphic variant of and thus deemed the sense "to go against" distinct from the "earthly branch" sense.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gó͘/ngó͘ - literary;
  • gō͘ - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2u/3hhu - literary;
    • 3ngg - vernacular, used in 端午.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuoX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋoX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋoX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuoX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ng5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nguX › ‹ nguX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[m].qʰˁaʔ/ /*m-qʰˁaʔ/
    English 7th earthly branch resist; cross-wise

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13169
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. the seventh of twelve earthly branches:
      1. (historical or astrology) the seventh year of the Jovian orbital cycle
      2. (archaic) the fifth month of the Chinese traditional calendar
      3. (historical or archaic) the "Chinese" or "double hour" from 11 am to 1 pm
      4. noon (precisely)
    Coordinate terms[edit]
    Hypernyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to dance; dance; dancing; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. noon

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うま
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    From (uma, horse).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (うま) (Uma

    1. the Horse, the seventh of the twelve Earthly Branches

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (nguX).

    Proper noun[edit]

    () (Go

    1. the Horse, the seventh of the twelve Earthly Branches

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋuoX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅌᅩᆼ〯 (Yale: ngwǒ)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nat o))

    1. Hanja form? of (noon; daytime). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.