cost: difference between revisions

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#: {{ux|en|I'd '''cost''' the repair work at a few thousand.}}
#: {{ux|en|I'd '''cost''' the repair work at a few thousand.}}


=====Usage notes=====
====Usage notes====
The past tense and past participle is ''cost'' in the sense of "this computer '''cost''' me £600", but ''costed'' in the sense of 'calculated', "the project was '''costed''' at $1 million."
The past tense and past participle is ''cost'' in the sense of "this computer '''cost''' me £600", but ''costed'' in the sense of 'calculated', "the project was '''costed''' at $1 million."


=====Derived terms=====
====Derived terms====
{{der4|en
{{der4|en
|cost an arm and a leg
|cost an arm and a leg
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|how much does it cost}}
|how much does it cost}}


=====Translations=====
====Translations====
{{trans-top|to incur a charge, a price}}
{{trans-top|to incur a charge, a price}}
* Abkhaz: {{t-needed|ab}}
* Abkhaz: {{t-needed|ab}}
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#: {{ux|en|The army won the battle decisively, but at a '''cost''' of many lives.}}
#: {{ux|en|The army won the battle decisively, but at a '''cost''' of many lives.}}


=====Hyponyms=====
====Hyponyms====
{{col4|en|appraisal cost
{{col4|en|appraisal cost
|carbon cost
|carbon cost
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}}
}}


=====Derived terms=====
====Derived terms====
{{der3|en
{{der3|en
|cost-benefit
|cost-benefit
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}}
}}


=====Related terms=====
====Related terms====
{{rel4|en|at cost
{{rel4|en|at cost
|cost and freight
|cost and freight
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}}
}}


=====Translations=====
====Translations====
{{trans-top|amount of money spent for a purpose}}
{{trans-top|amount of money spent for a purpose}}
* Arabic: {{t|ar|تَكْلِفَة|f}}, {{t|ar|كُلْفَة|f}}
* Arabic: {{t|ar|تَكْلِفَة|f}}, {{t|ar|كُلْفَة|f}}
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# [[quality|Quality]]; [[condition]]; [[property]]; [[value]]; [[worth]]; a [[wont]] or [[habit]]; [[disposition]]; [[nature]]; [[kind]]; [[characteristic]].
# [[quality|Quality]]; [[condition]]; [[property]]; [[value]]; [[worth]]; a [[wont]] or [[habit]]; [[disposition]]; [[nature]]; [[kind]]; [[characteristic]].


=====Derived terms=====
====Derived terms====
* {{l|en|at all costs}}
* {{l|en|at all costs}}
* {{l|en|needs-cost}}
* {{l|en|needs-cost}}


=====Related terms=====
====Related terms====
* {{l|en|costen}}
* {{l|en|costen}}
* {{l|en|costning}}
* {{l|en|costning}}

Revision as of 21:31, 8 January 2021

See also: Cost

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English costen, from Old French coster, couster (to cost), from Medieval Latin cōstō, from Latin cōnstō (stand together, stand at, cost), from com- + stō (stand).

Verb

cost (third-person singular simple present costs, present participle costing, simple past and past participle cost or costed)

  1. To incur a charge of; to require payment of a (specified) price.
    This shirt cost $50, while this was cheaper at only $30.
    It will cost you a lot of money to take a trip around the world.
    • Template:RQ:BLwnds TLdgr
      Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to last another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; [].
  2. To cause something to be lost; to cause the expenditure or relinquishment of.
    Trying to rescue the man from the burning building cost them their lives.
    • 2019 November 21, Samanth Subramanian, “How our home delivery habit reshaped the world”, in The Guardian[1]:
      the packaging of home-delivered products now accounts for 30% of the solid rubbish the US generates annually, and the cardboard alone costs 1bn trees.
    • 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene i]:
      though it cost me ten nights' watchings
  3. To require to be borne or suffered; to cause.
  4. To calculate or estimate a price.
    I'd cost the repair work at a few thousand.

Usage notes

The past tense and past participle is cost in the sense of "this computer cost me £600", but costed in the sense of 'calculated', "the project was costed at $1 million."

Derived terms

Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English cost, coust, from costen (to cost), see above.

Noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

cost (countable and uncountable, plural costs)

  1. Amount of money, time, etc. that is required or used.
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55:
      According to this saga of intellectual-property misanthropy, these creatures [patent trolls] roam the business world, buying up patents and then using them to demand extravagant payouts from companies they accuse of infringing them. Often, their victims pay up rather than face the costs of a legal battle.
    The total cost of the new complex was an estimated $1.5 million.
    We have to cut costs if we want to avoid bankruptcy.
    The average cost of a new house is twice as much as it was 20 years ago.
  2. A negative consequence or loss that occurs or is required to occur.
    Spending all your time working may earn you a lot of money at the cost of your health.
    The army won the battle decisively, but at a cost of many lives.

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3

From Middle English cost, from Old English cost (option, choice, possibility, manner, way, condition), from Old Norse kostr (choice, opportunity, chance, condition, state, quality), from Proto-Germanic *kustuz (choice, trial) (or Proto-Germanic *kustiz (choice, trial)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵéwstus (to enjoy, taste).

Cognate with Icelandic kostur, German dialectal Kust (taste, flavour), Dutch kust (choice, choosing), North Frisian kest (choice, estimation, virtue), West Frisian kêst (article of law, statute), Old English cyst (free-will, choice, election, the best of anything, the choicest, picked host, moral excellence, virtue, goodness, generosity, munificence), Latin gustus (taste). Related to choose. Doublet of gusto.

Noun

cost (plural costs)

  1. (obsolete) Manner; way; means; available course; contrivance.
  2. Quality; condition; property; value; worth; a wont or habit; disposition; nature; kind; characteristic.

Derived terms

Related terms

Etymology 4

From Old French coste, from Latin costa. Doublet of coast and cuesta.

Noun

cost (plural costs)

  1. (obsolete) A rib; a side.
  2. (heraldry) A cottise.

Anagrams


Catalan

Noun

cost m (plural costs or costos)

  1. cost

Derived terms

Related terms


Manx

Noun

cost m (genitive singular cost, plural costyn)

  1. charge (monetary)

Derived terms


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *kust-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵews- (to choose).

Akin to Old Saxon kostōn (to try, tempt), Old High German kostōn (to taste, test, try by tasting) (German kosten), Icelandic kosta (to try, tempt), Gothic 𐌺𐌿𐍃𐍄𐌿𐍃 (kustus, test), Old English cystan (to spend, get the value of, procure), Old English cyst (proof, test, trial; choice), ċēosan (to choose).

Pronunciation

Noun

cost m

  1. option, choice; possibility
  2. condition, manner, way
    þæs costes þeon the condition that

Declension

Adjective

cost

  1. chosen, choice
  2. tried, proven; excellent

Declension


Old French

Etymology

From Latin constare, present infinitive of consto (I stand firm (at a price)).

Noun

cost m (oblique plural coz or cotz, nominative singular coz or cotz, nominative plural cost)

  1. cost; financial outlay

Related terms


Romanian

Pronunciation

Verb

cost

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of costa

Welsh

Etymology

Borrowed from English cost.

Noun

cost m or f (plural costau)

  1. cost
  2. expense

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cost gost nghost chost
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.