retrograde

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English < Latin retrogradus.

Adjective[edit]

retrograde (comparative more retrograde, superlative most retrograde)

  1. Directed backwards, retreating; reverting especially inferior state, declining; inverse, reverse; movement opposite to normal or intended motion, often circular motion.
    retrograde ideas, morals, etc.
  2. Counterproductive to a desired outcome.
    • Shakespeare
    • It is most retrograde to our desire.
  3. (astronomy, of a body orbiting another) In the opposite direction to the orbited body's spin.
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Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

retrograde (plural retrogrades)

  1. A degenerate person.
  2. (music) The reversal of a melody so that what is played first in the original melody is played last and what is played last in the original melody is played first.
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Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin retrōgradior or Late Latin retrogredere (retro- (back) + gradi (walk)).

Verb[edit]

retrograde (third-person singular simple present retrogrades, present participle retrograding, simple past and past participle retrograded)

  1. (intransitive) To move backwards; to recede; to retire; to decline; to revert.
  2. (intransitive, astronomy) To show retrogradation.
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Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

retrograde f

  1. Feminine plural form of retrogrado